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Explore Uttar Pradesh map, it is a state in northern part of India, it is the highest populous state in India as well as the highest populous country subdivision in the world with over 200 million people.

List of Districts of Uttar Pradesh

S.N.DistrictCodeHeadquartersDivisionPopulationDensity (/km2)Area (km2)
4Ambedkar NagarANAkbarpurFaizabad2,025,3768542,372
29Gautam Buddha NagarGBGreater NoidaMeerut1,191,2639391,269
42Kanpur DehatKDAkbarpurKanpur1,584,0375043,143
43Kanpur NagarKNKanpurKanpur4,137,4891,3663,029
47Lakhimpur KheriLKKheriLucknow3,200,1374177,680
61Rae BareliRBRae BareliLucknow2,872,2046234,609
64Sant Kabir NagarSKKhalilabadBasti1,714,30010001,659.15
65Sant Ravidas NagarSRGyanpurMirzapur1,352,0561,408960
75Varanasi (Kashi)VAVaranasiVaranasi3,147,9271,9951,578

About Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is a state located in northern India, bordered by the Himalayas in the north and the Gangetic plain in the south. It is the most populous state in India with over 200 million people, and it is also one of the most culturally diverse states in the country.


Uttar Pradesh has a rich history dating back to the Indus Valley Civilization. It has been ruled by various dynasties including the Mauryas, Guptas, Mughals, and British. It was also the birthplace of many important figures in Indian history, including Lord Rama, Lord Krishna, Buddha, and Mahavira.


Uttar Pradesh is the fourth largest state in India, with a total area of 243,290 square kilometers. It is located in the northern part of India and is bordered by Nepal to the north, Uttarakhand to the north-west, Himachal Pradesh to the north-east, Haryana and Rajasthan to the west, Madhya Pradesh to the south, and Bihar to the east. The state is home to the Ganges, Yamuna, and many other important rivers, as well as several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.


Uttar Pradesh has a rich and diverse cultural heritage. It is known for its ancient traditions, classical music, and dance forms such as Kathak and Bharatanatyam. The state is also famous for its cuisine, which includes dishes such as kebabs, biryani, and chaat. The festivals of Uttar Pradesh are a mix of religious, cultural, and social events, and are celebrated with great fervor throughout the state.


Uttar Pradesh is one of the fastest growing states in India, with a GDP of over $250 billion. The state has a diverse economy with major industries including agriculture, manufacturing, and service sectors. The agricultural sector is the largest employer in the state, with crops such as wheat, rice, sugarcane, and potatoes being the main crops grown. The state is also a major producer of textiles, handlooms, and handicrafts.


Uttar Pradesh is home to some of the most important historical and cultural sites in India. The state is home to the iconic Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, which is visited by millions of tourists every year. Other important tourist destinations include the city of Varanasi, which is one of the oldest living cities in the world and a major center for Hinduism, and the city of Lucknow, which is known for its Nawabi culture and cuisine.


Despite its economic growth, Uttar Pradesh still faces several challenges. The state has a high poverty rate, and there are many socio-economic disparities that exist within the state. The state also faces challenges related to infrastructure, including poor road conditions and inadequate healthcare facilities. However, the government is taking steps to address these challenges and is working towards a more inclusive and sustainable development of the state.

Uttar Pradesh is a state with a rich history and cultural heritage, and is home to some of the most important historical and cultural sites in India. While the state still faces challenges related to poverty and infrastructure, it is also one of the fastest growing states in India, with a diverse economy and a growing tourism sector.

History of Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh, located in the northern part of India, is one of the most populous and culturally diverse states in the country. The state has a rich and complex history that dates back to ancient times and has been shaped by various empires, dynasties, and rulers.

Prehistoric Period

The earliest recorded history of Uttar Pradesh dates back to the Stone Age. Several archaeological excavations have revealed the existence of human settlements in the region during the Paleolithic and Mesolithic eras. The famous Sohan culture of the Stone Age was prevalent in the region during this period.

Ancient Period

The region of Uttar Pradesh was an important center of the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. The Harappan civilization, one of the most advanced civilizations of ancient times, had several important cities in this region, including Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. Uttar Pradesh also played a significant role in the Vedic era, and several important Vedic texts were composed in the region.

During the Mauryan period, Uttar Pradesh was an important center of power. The Mauryan Emperor Ashoka, who ruled from 273 BCE to 232 BCE, had his capital in Pataliputra (modern-day Patna) but had several important cities in Uttar Pradesh, including Varanasi and Shravasti. The Mauryan Empire was followed by the Gupta Empire, which ruled from the 4th to the 6th century CE. The Gupta period is often referred to as the Golden Age of India, and several important cultural and intellectual achievements were made during this period.

Medieval Period

In the medieval period, Uttar Pradesh was ruled by several powerful dynasties, including the Rajputs, the Delhi Sultanate, and the Mughals. The Rajputs were a powerful warrior clan who ruled over large parts of northern India from the 7th to the 12th century CE. The Delhi Sultanate, which was established in the 13th century CE, was the first Muslim dynasty to rule over India. Several important cities in Uttar Pradesh, including Delhi, Agra, and Meerut, were part of the Delhi Sultanate.

The Mughal Empire, which ruled India from the 16th to the 18th century CE, had its capital in Agra and several other important cities in Uttar Pradesh, including Lucknow and Varanasi. The Mughals were known for their patronage of the arts and architecture, and several famous monuments, including the Taj Mahal and the Red Fort, were built during their reign.

Modern Period

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, Uttar Pradesh was ruled by several smaller kingdoms, including the Awadh Kingdom and the Maratha Empire. The British East India Company gained control over the region in the 18th century CE, and Uttar Pradesh became part of British India.

During the Indian independence movement, Uttar Pradesh played a crucial role. Several important leaders of the independence movement, including Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, were from Uttar Pradesh. The state was also the site of several important protests and movements, including the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Quit India Movement.

After India gained independence in 1947, Uttar Pradesh became a state in the newly-formed Indian republic. The state has since played an important role in the political and cultural life of India, and several important leaders, including former Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi, were from Uttar Pradesh.

Uttar Pradesh has a rich and complex history that has been shaped by several powerful empires, dynasties, and rulers.

Geography of Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is a state located in the northern part of India. It is the most populous state in India, with a population of over 200 million people. Uttar Pradesh is bordered by Nepal to the north, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest, Haryana to the west, Rajasthan to the southwest, Madhya Pradesh to the south, Bihar to the east, and Jharkhand to the southeast. The state capital of Uttar Pradesh is Lucknow, and the official language is Hindi.


Uttar Pradesh is divided into three main geographic regions: the Himalayas in the north, the Gangetic Plain in the center, and the Vindhya Range in the south. The Himalayas in Uttar Pradesh are part of the great Himalayan range and include peaks such as Nanda Devi, Trishul, and Kamet. The Gangetic Plain is a flat, fertile area that covers most of the state and is watered by the Ganges and its tributaries. The Vindhya Range is a low range of hills that runs along the southern border of the state.


Uttar Pradesh is home to many important rivers, including the Ganges, Yamuna, Ghaghara, and Saryu. The Ganges is the most important river in India and is considered sacred by Hindus. It flows through the heart of Uttar Pradesh and is responsible for much of the state's fertile land. The Yamuna is another important river in Uttar Pradesh and is a tributary of the Ganges. It flows through Agra, which is home to the Taj Mahal.


Uttar Pradesh has a diverse range of forest types, including tropical deciduous forests, Himalayan sub-tropical pine forests, and wetlands. Some of the important wildlife reserves and national parks in Uttar Pradesh include Dudhwa National Park, Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, Chandra Prabha Wildlife Sanctuary, and Sohagi Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary.


Uttar Pradesh has a humid subtropical climate, with hot summers and cool winters. The summer season usually lasts from March to June, with temperatures ranging from 30°C to 45°C. The winter season usually lasts from November to February, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 25°C. The monsoon season usually lasts from July to September, and the state receives an average annual rainfall of 1000 mm.

Administrative Divisions

Uttar Pradesh is divided into 75 districts, which are further divided into subdivisions and tehsils. The state has 18 divisions, each headed by a divisional commissioner. The districts are further divided into revenue villages, which are the smallest administrative units in the state.

Major Cities

Uttar Pradesh has many important cities, including Lucknow, Kanpur, Varanasi, Agra, Allahabad, Ghaziabad, Noida, Meerut, and Bareilly. Lucknow is the capital of Uttar Pradesh and is known for its beautiful monuments, gardens, and cuisine. Agra is famous for the Taj Mahal, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.


Uttar Pradesh has a diverse economy, with agriculture, manufacturing, and services being the major sectors. The state is the largest producer of food grains in India and is also a major producer of sugarcane, cotton, and oilseeds. The manufacturing sector in Uttar Pradesh is dominated by small and medium-sized enterprises, and the state has several industrial areas and special economic zones. The service sector in Uttar Pradesh is growing rapidly, with the state having a large number of IT companies and call centers.

Economy of Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is one of the largest states in India and is home to a diverse economy that encompasses agriculture, manufacturing, services, and tourism. In recent years, the state has witnessed significant growth in several key sectors, making it one of the fastest-growing economies in the country.


Agriculture is the backbone of Uttar Pradesh's economy, with approximately 65% of the state's population engaged in the sector. The state is the largest producer of food grains, sugarcane, and potatoes in the country. It is also a major producer of fruits, vegetables, and milk. The government has taken several initiatives to boost agriculture, such as providing subsidies, improving irrigation facilities, and promoting the use of high-yielding crop varieties.


Manufacturing is another key sector of Uttar Pradesh's economy. The state has a rich industrial base with a wide range of industries, including textiles, leather, food processing, chemicals, and engineering. The state government has been actively promoting industrial growth by providing incentives to investors, setting up industrial parks, and improving infrastructure. The state has also been attracting foreign investment, with several multinational companies setting up their manufacturing units in the state.


The services sector is a significant contributor to Uttar Pradesh's economy, accounting for around 40% of the state's GDP. The sector includes banking, insurance, trade, transport, and communication. The state has a large workforce engaged in the services sector, and the government has been promoting the development of the sector by improving infrastructure, providing skill development programs, and offering incentives to investors.


Uttar Pradesh is a popular tourist destination, with several historical and religious sites attracting visitors from all over the world. The state is home to the iconic Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and several other UNESCO World Heritage Sites such as Fatehpur Sikri, Agra Fort, and the Khajuraho temples. The state government has been promoting tourism by developing infrastructure, improving connectivity, and providing incentives to the tourism industry.


Uttar Pradesh has been investing heavily in infrastructure development in recent years, with a focus on improving road, rail, and air connectivity. The state has several major highways passing through it, including the National Highways 2, 19, and 24. The state also has a well-developed railway network, with several major railway stations such as Kanpur, Lucknow, and Varanasi. The state is also home to several airports, including the Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport in Lucknow and the Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport in Varanasi.


Despite the significant growth in several key sectors, Uttar Pradesh faces several challenges that need to be addressed. The state has a large population, and creating employment opportunities for its youth is a significant challenge. The state also faces infrastructure bottlenecks, such as inadequate power supply and poor road connectivity in rural areas. Additionally, the state needs to address issues related to law and order, corruption, and bureaucratic red tape, which often act as barriers to investment and growth.

Uttar Pradesh is a rapidly developing state with a diverse economy that offers several opportunities for investment and growth. The state government has been actively promoting industrial growth, infrastructure development, and tourism, and has taken several initiatives to address the challenges faced by the state. With the right policies and investments, Uttar Pradesh has the potential to become one of the leading economies in India.

Government and Politics in Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India and is the most populous state in the country. It has a rich political history and has been a hub of political activity since India's independence in 1947. The state has witnessed many political upheavals and has been a battleground for political parties.

Government Structure

The government of Uttar Pradesh is a bicameral legislature consisting of the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council. The Legislative Assembly is the lower house and has a total of 403 members who are directly elected by the people. The Legislative Council is the upper house and has a total of 100 members. Out of these, 10 members are nominated by the Governor and the remaining 90 members are elected by various constituencies.

The Chief Minister is the head of the government and is appointed by the Governor. The Chief Minister is responsible for the overall functioning of the government and is assisted by a council of ministers.

Political Parties

Uttar Pradesh has been a stronghold of the Indian National Congress since independence. However, the state has seen the rise of several regional political parties, including the Samajwadi Party, Bahujan Samaj Party, and the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Samajwadi Party

The Samajwadi Party (SP) is a regional political party in Uttar Pradesh, founded by Mulayam Singh Yadav in 1992. The party's ideology is based on socialism and secularism. The party has formed the government in the state three times, with Mulayam Singh Yadav serving as Chief Minister from 1993 to 1995, 2003 to 2007, and his son, Akhilesh Yadav, serving as Chief Minister from 2012 to 2017.

Bahujan Samaj Party

The Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) is another regional political party in Uttar Pradesh, founded by Kanshi Ram in 1984. The party's ideology is based on social justice and equality for all. The party has formed the government in the state four times, with Mayawati serving as Chief Minister from 1995 to 1997, 2002 to 2003, 2007 to 2012, and 2017 to 2018.

Bharatiya Janata Party

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is a national political party that has a strong presence in Uttar Pradesh. The party's ideology is based on Hindu nationalism and cultural conservatism. The party has formed the government in the state three times, with Kalyan Singh serving as Chief Minister from 1991 to 1992 and from 1997 to 1999, and Yogi Adityanath serving as Chief Minister from 2017 to the present.

Current Political Scenario

In the 2017 Assembly elections, the BJP emerged as the single largest party, winning 312 seats out of 403, while the SP won 47 seats, and the BSP won 19 seats. The BJP formed the government with Yogi Adityanath as Chief Minister. The 2022 Assembly elections are scheduled to be held in Uttar Pradesh, and the political parties are gearing up for the same.

Uttar Pradesh has been a politically significant state in India and has witnessed several ups and downs in its political history. The state has seen the rise of regional political parties and has been a battleground for national parties as well. The state's political scenario is likely to witness significant changes in the upcoming elections, and it remains to be seen which party will emerge victorious.

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