North America Map
About North America Map
Explore the map of North America with countries and capitals labeled, this North America continent map shows all the countries, territories and other areas.
Sovereign Countries in North America
|S.N.||North American Countries||Capital||Currency||Population (July 1, 2015 Projection)||Population (Official Count)||Area Code||GDP (PPP) in Millions||GDP (nominal) in millions||GDP /Capita (PPP)||Area (km2)||Area (sq mi)|
|1||Antigua and Barbuda||St. John's||East Caribbean dollar||89,000||85,567||+1 268||$2,096||$1,285||$23,700||440||170|
|2||Bahamas||Nassau||Bahamian dollar||3,79,000||3,51,461||+1 242||$9,231||$8,884||$25,600||13,878||5,358|
|3||Barbados||Bridgetown||Barbadian dollar||2,83,000||2,77,821||+1 246||$4,658||$4,451||$16,700||439||166|
|6||Costa Rica||San José||Costa Rican colón||358,19,000||357,49,600||+506||$74,090||$51,620||$15,500||51,100||19,653|
|7||Cuba||Havana||Cuban peso, Cuban convertible peso||112,52,000||112,38,317||+53||$1,28,500||$77,150||$10,200||1,09,884||42,426|
|8||Dominica||Roseau||East Caribbean dollar||71,000||71,293||+1 767||$820.1||$538||$11,600||750||290|
|9||Dominican Republic||Santo Domingo||Dominican Peso||99,80,000||99,80,243||+1 809, +1 829, +1 849||$1,47,600||$66,580||$14,900||48,442||18,704|
|10||El Salvador||San Salvador||United States dollar||64,60,000||64,60,271||+503||$52,880||$25,650||$8,300||21,041||8,124|
|11||Grenada||St. George's||East Caribbean dollar||1,04,000||1,03,328||+1 473||$1,385||$957||$13,000||348.5||132.8|
|12||Guatemala||Guatemala City||Guatemalan quetzal||161,76,000||161,76,133||+502||$1,25,600||$63,220||$7,900||1,08,889||42,042|
|15||Jamaica||Kingston||Jamaican dollar||27,29,000||27,17,991||+1 876||$24,600||$13,820||$8,800||10,991||4,244|
|16||Mexico||Mexico City||Mexican Peso||1210,06,000||1210,05,815||+52||$22,20,000||$11,61,000||$18,500||19,72,550||7,61,606|
|18||Panama||Panama City||Panamanian balboa, United States dollar||37,64,000||37,64,166||+507||$82,180||$47,470||$20,900||74,177.30||28,640|
|19||Saint Kitts and Nevis||Basseterre||East Caribbean dollar||46,000||46,204||+1 869||$1,358||$889||$22,800||261||104|
|20||Saint Lucia||Castries||East Caribbean dollar||1,72,000||1,66,526||+1 758||$2,032||$1,438||$12,000||617||238.23|
|21||Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||Kingstown||East Caribbean dollar||1,10,000||1,09,991||+1 784 ||$1,211||$765||$11,000||389||150|
|22||Trinidad and Tobago||Port of Spain||Trinidad and Tobago dollar||13,57,000||13,28,019||+1 868||$44,320||$27,670||$32,800||5,131||1,981|
|23||United States||Washington, D.C.||United States dollar||3212,34,000||3218,22,000||+1||$179,70,000||$179,70,000||$56,300||98,57,306||38,05,927|
Non-sovereign Territories in North America
This section includes territories that are not sovereign states, but are not part of the sovereign countries listed above. This contains dependent territories and integral areas of mainly non-North American country.
Dependent territories in North America
|S.N.||English Short Name||Capital||Currency||Legal Status||Population (July 1, 2015 Projection)||Population (Official Count)||Area Code||GDP (PPP) in Millions||GDP (nominal) - in Millions||GDP PPP per Capita||Area (km2)||Area (sq mi)|
|1||Anguilla||The Valley||East Caribbean dollar||British Overseas Territory||14,000||13,037||+1 264 ||$175.40 ||$175.40 ||$12,200||91||35|
|2||Bajo Nuevo Bank|| || ||Unincorporated Unorganized Territory of the United States of America, uninhabited, disputed by 3 other nations.||0||0||N/A|| || || ||145||56|
|3||Bermuda||Hamilton||Bermudian dollar||British Overseas Territory||65,000||64,237||+1 441||$5,198 ||$5,198 ||$85,700 ||53.2||20.6|
|4||British Virgin Islands||Road Town||United States dollar||British Overseas Territory||31,000||28,054||+1 284||$500 ||$1,095 ||$42,300 ||153||59|
|5||Cayman Islands||George Town||Cayman Islands dollar||British Overseas Territory||59,000||58,238||+1 345||$2,507 ||$2,250 ||$43,800 ||264||102|
|6||Montserrat||Plymouth||East Caribbean dollar||British Overseas Territory||5,000||4,922||+1 664||$43.78 || ||$8,500 ||102||39|
|7||Navassa Island|| ||United States dollar||Unincorporated Unorganized Territory of the United States, uninhabited, disputed by Haiti|| Uninhabited||Uninhabited||N/A|| || || ||5.4||2|
|8||Puerto Rico||San Juan||United States dollar||Unincorporated territory(U.S. Commonwealth)||35,08,000||35,48,397||+1 787 / 939||$61,460 ||$61,460 ||$28,500 ||9,104||3,515|
|9||Serranilla Bank|| || ||Unincorporated Unorganized Territory of the United States, uninhabited, disputed by Honduras, Nicaragua and United States.|| || || || || || ||1,200||463.32|
|10||Turks and Caicos Islands||Cockburn Town||United States dollar||British Overseas Territory||37,000||31,618||+1 649||$632 ||N/A||$29,100 ||616.3||238|
|11||United States Virgin Islands||Charlotte Amalie||United States dollar||Unincorporated organized Territory of the United States||1,05,000||1,06,405||+1 340 ||$3,792 ||$5,075 ||$36,100 ||346.36||133.73|
Other Areas in North America
|S.N.||Name||Capital||Currency||Legal Status||Population (July 1, 2015 Projection)||Population (Official Count)||Area Code||GDP (PPP) in Millions||GDP (nominal) - in Millions||GDP PPP per Capita||Area (km2)||Area (sq mi)|
|1||Aruba||Oranjestad||Aruban florin||Constituent Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands||1,10,000||1,09,517||+297||$2,516 ||$2,516 ||$28,924 ||178.91||69.08|
|2||Bonaire||Kralendijk||United States dollar||Special municipality of the Netherlands||N/A||16541 (2012)||+599 7||$386 || ||$21,500 ||294||114|
|3||Clipperton Island|| ||Euro||Overseas Possession of France||Uninhabited (as of 1945)||Uninhabited (as of 1945)|| || || || ||6||2.3|
|4||Curaçao||Willemstad||Netherlands Antillean guilder||Constituent Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands||1,57,000||1,54,843||+599 9||$3,128 ||$5,600 ||$22,619 ||444||171.4|
|5||Greenland||Nuuk||Danish krone||Constituent Country of the Kingdom of Denmark||56,000||55,984||+299||$2,173 ||$2,160 ||$38,400 ||21,66,086||8,36,109|
|6||Guadeloupe||Basse-Terre||Euro||Department and region of France||4,05,000||4,03,314||+590||$10,300 || ||$25,479 ||1,628||629|
|7||Martinique||Fort-de-France||Euro||Department and region of France||3,83,000||3,88,364||+596||$10,700 || ||$27,688 ||1,128||436|
|8||Saba||The Bottom||United States dollar||Special municipality of the Netherlands||N/A||1,991||+599 4||$45 || ||$23,600 ||13||5|
|9||Saint Barthélemy||Gustavia||Euro||French Overseas Collectivity||10,000||9,131||+590|| ||$255 ||$37,000 ||25||9.5|
|10||Saint Martin||Marigot||Euro||French Overseas Collectivity||36,000||35,742||+590||$561.50 ||$561.50 ||$19,300 ||87||34|
|11||Saint Pierre and Miquelon||Saint-Pierre||Euro||French Overseas Collectivity||6,000||6,069||+508||$215.30 ||$215.30 ||$34,900 ||242||93|
|12||San Andrés and Providencia||San Andrés||Colombian peso||Department of Colombia||N/A||75,167 (2013)||+57||$664 ||$461 ||$8,988 ||52.5||20.3|
|13||Sint Eustatius||Oranjestad||United States dollar||Special municipality of the Netherlands||N/A||4,020 (2013)||+599 3||$104 || ||$26,400 ||21||8|
|14||Sint Maarten||Philipsburg||Netherlands Antillean guilder||Constituent Country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands||39,000||37,224||+1 721||$365.80 ||$3,04,100 ||$66,800 ||34||13.1|
About North America
North America is a vast and diverse continent, stretching from the Arctic Circle in the north to the Tropic of Cancer in the south, and from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west. It is home to three of the world's largest countries: Canada, the United States, and Mexico, as well as several smaller nations, including Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.
The landscape of North America is incredibly varied, with everything from towering mountains and rugged coastlines to sprawling deserts and dense forests. The continent's highest peak, Mount Denali (formerly known as Mount McKinley), is located in Alaska and reaches an elevation of 20,310 feet (6,190 meters). Meanwhile, Death Valley, located in California, is the lowest point in North America, sitting 282 feet (86 meters) below sea level.
North America is also home to several iconic natural wonders, including the Grand Canyon, Yellowstone National Park, and Niagara Falls, which attract millions of visitors each year. These and many other natural landmarks in North America serve as a reminder of the continent's incredible biodiversity and geologic history.
One of the most significant human accomplishments in North America was the establishment of several powerful indigenous civilizations. The Maya, Aztec, and Inca empires were all located in what is now Mexico, Central America, and South America, but their cultural influence extended throughout the region. These civilizations left behind impressive architectural achievements, including the pyramids of Teotihuacan and the Machu Picchu citadel, as well as complex social structures and intricate systems of writing, mathematics, and astronomy.
In the centuries that followed, North America became a site of European colonization, with Spanish, French, and English colonizers establishing settlements across the continent. This period of colonization led to significant changes in the continent's social, political, and economic landscapes, including the displacement and exploitation of indigenous populations and the establishment of slavery.
The United States emerged as a dominant power in North America in the 19th and 20th centuries, with its rapidly growing population and industrial economy fueling the expansion westward and the conquest of new territories. This expansion led to the displacement and subjugation of Native American populations, as well as the acquisition of Alaska and Hawaii and the establishment of a global military and economic presence.
Today, North America remains a vital economic and cultural hub, with a population of over 580 million people and a GDP of over $24 trillion. The region is home to some of the world's leading industries, including technology, finance, and entertainment, as well as some of the world's most influential cultural institutions, such as Hollywood and Broadway.
Despite its many achievements and successes, North America faces significant challenges, including rising economic inequality, political polarization, and environmental degradation. Addressing these challenges will require collective action and cooperation among North American nations, as well as a commitment to inclusive and sustainable development.
North America is a continent of great diversity, with a rich history and a vibrant culture. Its landscapes, natural wonders, and human achievements have captivated and inspired people for centuries, and its continued growth and development will be shaped by the collective actions and decisions of its people and its leaders.
Geography of North America
North America is the third-largest continent, covering an area of about 24.7 million square kilometers. It is located in the Northern Hemisphere and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and South America to the southeast.
Geography of North America is diverse, with a range of natural features, including mountains, forests, rivers, and deserts. The continent is divided into three main regions: Canada, the United States, and Mexico.
Canada, the northernmost country of North America, is known for its vast wilderness areas, including the Rocky Mountains, the Great Lakes, and the Arctic tundra. The country is also home to many large rivers, including the St. Lawrence, the Mackenzie, and the Yukon. Canada is the second-largest country in the world, with an area of about 9.98 million square kilometers.
The United States, located south of Canada, is known for its diverse geography, including the Appalachian Mountains, the Rocky Mountains, the Great Plains, and the coastal regions of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf of Mexico. The country also has several major rivers, including the Mississippi, the Colorado, and the Columbia. The United States covers an area of about 9.83 million square kilometers.
Mexico, located south of the United States, is known for its rugged terrain, including the Sierra Madre mountains, the Yucatan Peninsula, and the Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts. The country also has several major rivers, including the Rio Grande and the Balsas. Mexico covers an area of about 1.96 million square kilometers.
North America is also home to many important waterways, including the Great Lakes, which are shared by the United States and Canada, and the Mississippi River, which is one of the longest rivers in the world.
In addition to its natural features, North America is also home to many major cities, including New York City, Los Angeles, Toronto, Mexico City, and Vancouver.
Overall, the geography of North America is diverse and rich, with a range of natural features and cultural landmarks that make it a unique and fascinating continent to explore.
History of North America
The history of North America is long and complex, spanning thousands of years and encompassing a wide variety of cultures, societies, and civilizations. Here are some key events and periods in the history of North America:
This period refers to the time before European contact, when the continent was inhabited by various indigenous peoples. These groups included the Inuit in the far north, the various tribes of the Great Plains, the Anasazi and Hohokam in the Southwest, and the Maya, Aztec, and Inca in Mexico and South America.
Beginning in the late 15th century, European explorers and settlers began arriving in North America, claiming land and establishing colonies. These included the Spanish in the Southwest and Florida, the French in Canada and the Mississippi Valley, and the English in Virginia, Massachusetts, and the Carolinas.
In the late 18th century, the American colonies rebelled against British rule, leading to the creation of the United States of America. This period was marked by key events such as the Boston Tea Party, the signing of the Declaration of Independence, and the victory at the Battle of Yorktown.
In the 19th century, the United States continued to expand its territory westward, displacing and often violently subjugating indigenous populations. This period was marked by events such as the Louisiana Purchase, the Mexican-American War, and the Gold Rush.
Civil War and Reconstruction:
In the mid-19th century, the United States was torn apart by a bitter conflict over slavery and states' rights. The Civil War ended in Union victory, but the aftermath was marked by ongoing struggles over race and citizenship.
Industrialization and modernization:
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, North America underwent rapid industrialization and urbanization, leading to significant social and economic changes. Key events during this period included the rise of labor unions, the Progressive Era, and the Roaring Twenties.
World War I and II:
North America played a major role in both world wars, with the United States joining the Allies and playing a critical role in defeating Germany and Japan. These conflicts led to significant changes in international relations and the global balance of power.
Civil Rights Movement:
In the mid-20th century, North America was marked by a growing movement for civil rights and equality, particularly for African Americans. This period was marked by key events such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the March on Washington, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
North America continues to grapple with a range of social, economic, and political issues, including immigration, income inequality, climate change, and ongoing debates over race, gender, and identity.
Geology of North America
North America is a vast continent with a rich geological history that spans billions of years. The continent is home to a diverse range of geological features, including mountains, plains, deserts, and coastlines. In this article, we will explore the geology of North America in detail, from its earliest beginnings to the present day.
Formation of North America
The North American continent began to take shape around 1.8 billion years ago, during the Proterozoic Eon. At this time, North America was part of a larger supercontinent known as Rodinia, which was surrounded by a global ocean known as Mirovia. The continent was made up of a number of smaller landmasses that had collided and merged together over time.
Around 1.3 billion years ago, North America was located near the equator and was covered by a shallow sea. Sediments from this sea eventually formed the Grand Canyon Supergroup, which is made up of sandstone, shale, and limestone.
During the Paleozoic Era, which began around 540 million years ago, North America was part of a new supercontinent called Pangea. The continent was covered by a warm, shallow sea, which allowed for the formation of extensive limestone deposits. The Appalachian Mountains also began to form during this time, as a result of the collision between North America and Africa.
Around 250 million years ago, Pangea began to break apart, and North America started to move westward. This movement caused the formation of the Rocky Mountains, which were created by the collision between the North American and Pacific tectonic plates.
In the Cenozoic Era, which began around 66 million years ago, North America experienced a period of intense volcanic activity. This activity led to the formation of the Columbia River Basalt Group, a massive formation of volcanic rock that covers an area of over 164,000 square kilometers.
Geological Features of North America
North America is home to a wide range of geological features, including mountains, plains, deserts, and coastlines. Some of the most notable features include:
The Rocky Mountains:
The Rocky Mountains are a massive mountain range that extends from Alaska down to New Mexico. The range is made up of several different mountain ranges, including the Front Range, Sangre de Cristo Mountains, and the Canadian Rockies. The highest peak in the range is Mount Elbert, which stands at 14,440 feet.
The Grand Canyon:
The Grand Canyon is a massive canyon that stretches for over 277 miles through Arizona. The canyon was formed over millions of years by the erosive power of the Colorado River, and is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the United States.
The Great Plains:
The Great Plains are a vast, flat region that stretches from the Rocky Mountains to the Mississippi River. The region is known for its fertile soils and grasslands, and is home to a wide range of wildlife, including bison, pronghorns, and prairie dogs.
The Mississippi River:
The Mississippi River is one of the longest rivers in the world, stretching for over 2,300 miles from its source in Minnesota down to the Gulf of Mexico. The river is an important transportation route and is home to a diverse range of aquatic wildlife.
The Mojave Desert:
The Mojave Desert is a large desert region that covers parts of California, Nevada, and Arizona. The region is known for its hot, dry climate and unique geological formations, such as Joshua Tree National Park.
The geology of North America is incredibly diverse, with a rich and complex history that spans billions of years. From the formation of the continent during the Proterozoic Eon to the creation of the Rocky Mountains and the Grand Canyon
Climate in North America
Climate in North America varies widely depending on the region and season. North America spans from the Arctic in the north to the tropics in the south, and the climate can be classified into several categories, including polar, subarctic, temperate, and tropical. The continent is also home to diverse geography, including deserts, mountains, forests, and grasslands, which further contribute to its climatic diversity.
The polar climate is found in the northernmost parts of North America, including the Arctic region of Alaska, Canada, and Greenland. This climate is characterized by extremely low temperatures throughout the year, with the average temperature rarely exceeding 10°C (50°F) even in the summer months. The region experiences prolonged periods of darkness during the winter and constant daylight during the summer. Polar climates are generally devoid of vegetation, with only mosses and lichens able to survive in these harsh conditions.
The subarctic climate covers much of Canada and parts of Alaska, and is characterized by short, cool summers and long, cold winters. Average temperatures during the winter months are typically around -20°C (-4°F), and can drop to as low as -50°C (-58°F) in some areas. Summers are brief, with average temperatures of around 10°C (50°F). The subarctic climate supports a variety of vegetation, including coniferous forests, tundra, and grasslands.
The temperate climate is found in much of the United States and southern Canada, and is characterized by four distinct seasons. Summers are warm to hot, with average temperatures ranging from 20°C (68°F) to 30°C (86°F). Winters are cold, with average temperatures ranging from -5°C (23°F) to 5°C (41°F). Precipitation is abundant throughout the year, with snowfall in the winter months. The temperate climate supports a variety of vegetation, including deciduous and coniferous forests, grasslands, and wetlands.
The tropical climate is found in the southern parts of the United States, Mexico, and parts of the Caribbean. This climate is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters. Average temperatures during the summer months range from 30°C (86°F) to 40°C (104°F), while winter temperatures are typically around 20°C (68°F). Precipitation is abundant throughout the year, with heavy rainfall during the summer months. The tropical climate supports a variety of vegetation, including rainforests, savannas, and wetlands.
Climate Change in North America
Climate change is having a significant impact on North America's climate and environment. Temperatures in many parts of the continent are rising, leading to more frequent heatwaves and droughts. The Arctic region is warming at a faster rate than any other region in the world, with significant impacts on sea ice, permafrost, and wildlife.
The impacts of climate change are also being felt in other parts of North America. In the western United States, droughts are becoming more frequent and severe, leading to increased wildfire activity. Coastal regions are experiencing more frequent and intense storms, leading to flooding and erosion. In Canada, melting permafrost is leading to the destabilization of buildings and infrastructure, and causing significant disruptions to traditional ways of life for Indigenous communities.
Efforts to mitigate the impacts of climate change are underway in North America, with many governments and organizations implementing policies and initiatives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and transition to cleaner energy sources. The United States has rejoined the Paris Agreement on climate change and is committed to achieving net-zero emissions by 2050. Canada has also set a target of net-zero emissions by 2050, and is investing in renewable energy
Ecology of North America
The ecology of North America is a complex and diverse system, spanning from the Arctic tundra of Canada to the subtropical forests of Mexico. This region encompasses a vast array of habitats, including forests, grasslands, deserts, wetlands, and coastal zones, each with their unique set of flora and fauna. Here, we will explore some of the key features and challenges facing the ecology of North America.
Geography and Climate
North America is the third-largest continent on earth, covering an area of approximately 24 million square kilometers. It is home to a diverse range of ecosystems, from the boreal forests of Canada to the deserts of the southwestern United States. The continent is also characterized by a wide range of climates, from the Arctic conditions of northern Canada to the subtropical conditions of southern Florida.
The climate of North America is influenced by a variety of factors, including latitude, topography, and ocean currents. The northern regions of the continent experience long, cold winters and short, cool summers, while the southern regions have long, hot summers and mild winters. Coastal regions are often characterized by high humidity, while inland regions may experience more arid conditions.
Flora and Fauna
The ecology of North America is home to a rich and diverse array of flora and fauna. Forests cover much of the continent, with the most extensive forests found in Canada and the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. These forests are home to a variety of coniferous trees, such as spruce, pine, and fir, as well as deciduous species such as maple, oak, and hickory.
Grasslands are another important ecosystem in North America, covering vast areas of the Great Plains region in the central United States and Canada. These grasslands are home to a wide range of species, including bison, pronghorn antelope, and various species of birds.
Deserts are found in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico, characterized by extreme temperatures and low precipitation. Despite the harsh conditions, these regions support a unique set of plants and animals, including cacti, lizards, and snakes.
North America is also home to a diverse range of aquatic ecosystems, including rivers, lakes, and wetlands. These habitats support a wide range of fish, amphibians, and aquatic plants, as well as providing important breeding grounds for migratory birds.
Despite the richness and diversity of North America's ecology, it faces numerous conservation challenges. Human activities, such as habitat destruction, pollution, and climate change, are threatening the health and wellbeing of many ecosystems and the species that depend on them.
Deforestation is a major issue in North America, with large areas of forest being cleared for agricultural or urban development. This has resulted in the loss of habitat for many species, as well as contributing to climate change by reducing the amount of carbon sequestered by forests.
Pollution is also a significant problem in North America, with water and air pollution affecting many ecosystems. Industrial activities and agricultural practices are major sources of pollution, which can have serious impacts on the health of both humans and wildlife.
Climate change is another significant challenge facing North America's ecology, with rising temperatures and changing weather patterns affecting ecosystems across the continent. This is leading to changes in the distribution and abundance of many species, as well as altering the timing of seasonal events such as bird migration and flowering.
Conservation efforts are underway across North America to address these challenges, including habitat restoration, pollution reduction, and the implementation of climate change mitigation strategies. However, much more needs to be done to ensure the continued health and wellbeing of North America's ecology.
The ecology of North America is a complex and diverse system, encompassing a wide range of habitats and species.
Demographics of North America
North America is the third largest continent in the world, covering an area of approximately 24.7 million square kilometers. It is home to three countries - Canada, the United States of America, and Mexico, as well as a number of dependent territories and island nations. The demographics of North America are diverse and complex, reflecting its rich history and varied geography.
According to the United Nations, the total population of North America is approximately 592 million people as of 2021. The majority of the population is concentrated in the United States, which has a population of over 331 million people. Mexico is the second most populous country in North America, with a population of around 129 million people, while Canada has a population of just over 38 million people.
The ethnic makeup of North America is diverse and reflects its history of immigration. In the United States, the largest ethnic group is White Americans, who make up around 76% of the population. African Americans are the second largest group, accounting for around 13% of the population, while Asian Americans make up around 6%. Native Americans and Alaska Natives make up around 2% of the population, while people of mixed race account for around 3%.
In Mexico, the majority of the population is of Mestizo heritage, which is a mix of European and Indigenous ancestry. Around 64% of the population identify as Mestizo, while around 15% identify as Indigenous. The remaining population is made up of people of European, African, and Asian descent.
In Canada, the majority of the population is of European descent, with around 73% of the population identifying as White. Indigenous people make up around 5% of the population, while people of Asian descent account for around 15%. Black Canadians make up around 3% of the population, while people of mixed race account for around 3%.
Religion in North America is diverse, with Christianity being the most widely practiced religion. In the United States, around 70% of the population identifies as Christian, with Protestantism being the largest denomination. Around 23% of the population identifies as unaffiliated with any religion, while around 6% identify as non-Christian religions, such as Judaism, Islam, and Buddhism.
In Mexico, the majority of the population identifies as Roman Catholic, with around 82% of the population being Catholic. Protestantism is the second largest denomination, with around 6% of the population identifying as Protestant. Around 3% of the population identifies as unaffiliated with any religion, while around 2% identify as non-Christian religions.
In Canada, Christianity is the largest religion, with around 67% of the population identifying as Christian. The largest denomination is Catholicism, followed by Protestantism. Around 24% of the population identifies as unaffiliated with any religion, while around 7% identify as non-Christian religions.
The age distribution of North America is fairly balanced, with the majority of the population falling between the ages of 15 and 64. In the United States, the median age is around 38 years old. In Mexico, the median age is around 28 years old, while in Canada, the median age is around 41 years old.
North America has a long history of migration, with people from all over the world coming to the continent in search of a better life. In the United States, the majority of immigrants come from Latin America and Asia. In Mexico, the majority of immigrants come from Central America and the Caribbean, while in Canada, the majority of immigrants come from Asia and Europe.
The demographics of North America are diverse and complex, reflecting its rich history and varied geography.
Economy of North America
North America is home to some of the world's most prosperous and developed economies. The region's three largest economies are the United States, Canada, and Mexico, which together account for a significant portion of the world's total GDP. The economies of North America are characterized by their diversity, with each country having its unique economic structure, strengths, and challenges.
The United States is the world's largest economy, with a GDP of over $21 trillion. It is a mixed economy, with both private and public sectors playing critical roles in driving economic growth. The country's economy is highly diversified, with industries ranging from manufacturing, finance, and healthcare to technology and entertainment. The United States has been a global leader in innovation, with many of the world's leading tech companies based in Silicon Valley. However, the country also faces significant challenges such as income inequality, rising healthcare costs, and a large national debt.
Canada is the world's tenth-largest economy, with a GDP of over $1.6 trillion. The country has a well-developed market-oriented economy that is heavily reliant on trade, particularly with the United States. The Canadian economy is highly diversified, with industries such as natural resources, manufacturing, and services playing significant roles. Canada is also a global leader in technological innovation, with major tech companies such as Shopify and Blackberry based in the country. However, the country faces significant challenges, such as slow economic growth and a lack of competitiveness in certain industries.
Mexico is the world's fifteenth-largest economy, with a GDP of over $1.2 trillion. The country has a mixed economy, with both private and public sectors playing critical roles in driving economic growth. Mexico's economy is highly diversified, with industries ranging from oil and gas to manufacturing and tourism. Mexico is also a major exporter, with the United States being its primary trading partner. However, the country faces significant challenges, such as high levels of poverty and income inequality, as well as issues with corruption and violence.
The economies of North America are also heavily integrated, with the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) facilitating the free movement of goods, services, and capital between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. In 2020, NAFTA was replaced by the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), which seeks to modernize and strengthen the trade relationship between the three countries. The USMCA aims to promote more fair and balanced trade, improve labor standards and environmental protection, and facilitate digital trade.
Overall, the economies of North America are highly developed and diversified, with each country having its unique economic strengths and challenges. The region's economies are also heavily integrated, with trade playing a critical role in driving economic growth and development. However, each country also faces significant challenges, such as income inequality, slow economic growth, and issues with corruption and violence. The United States, Canada, and Mexico will need to work together to address these challenges and promote economic prosperity and sustainability in the region.
Culture in North America
North America is a vast and diverse continent, made up of three countries: the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Each of these countries has its unique culture, shaped by a variety of factors, including history, geography, and immigration patterns. Despite their differences, there are also many commonalities that bind North Americans together, including a shared language (English), a love of sports and entertainment, and a deep appreciation for individual freedoms.
One of the most significant factors that have shaped North American culture is immigration. Throughout its history, North America has been a magnet for people from all over the world, seeking a better life and new opportunities. From the early Spanish explorers to the more recent waves of immigrants from Asia and Latin America, each group has contributed to the rich cultural tapestry that defines North America today.
In the United States, one of the most significant cultural influences has been the African American community. The forced migration of millions of Africans to America as slaves helped to shape the country's music, dance, food, and fashion. Jazz, blues, and hip-hop are all musical genres that have their roots in African American culture, while soul food and Southern cuisine are also beloved by many Americans.
Another significant influence on American culture has been the country's history of immigration. From the early days of the colonial period to the present, waves of immigrants have brought their traditions, languages, and customs to America, contributing to the country's rich cultural mosaic. Today, the United States is a melting pot of cultures, with significant populations of immigrants from Mexico, China, India, and other countries.
Canada, too, has been shaped by immigration. The country has a long history of welcoming immigrants, from the early French and British settlers to the more recent waves of immigrants from Asia and the Middle East. Today, Canada is one of the world's most diverse countries, with significant populations of immigrants from India, China, and the Philippines. This diversity has enriched Canadian culture, creating a vibrant mix of languages, traditions, and customs.
In Mexico, the country's indigenous roots have played a significant role in shaping its culture. The Aztec, Mayan, and other indigenous civilizations that flourished in Mexico before the arrival of the Spanish left an indelible mark on the country's music, art, and religion. Today, Mexico is known for its vibrant festivals and celebrations, including the Day of the Dead and Cinco de Mayo.
Religion is another significant factor that has shaped North American culture. Christianity, in its various forms, has been the dominant religion in the region since the arrival of the Europeans. However, there is also significant diversity within the Christian community, with Protestants, Catholics, and Orthodox Christians all coexisting in North America. Additionally, there are also significant populations of Jews, Muslims, and followers of other religions.
Sports are also an integral part of North American culture, with football, baseball, and basketball being among the most popular. Each of these sports has a rich history in the United States and Canada, with baseball, in particular, being referred to as "America's pastime." In Mexico, soccer (or football) is the most popular sport, with the country being home to some of the world's most passionate and dedicated fans.
North America's culture is as diverse as its geography. From the indigenous civilizations of Mexico to the waves of immigrants that have shaped the United States and Canada, each country's culture is unique and rich in history. The region's love of individual freedoms, sports, and entertainment is also a shared characteristic that binds North Americans together, creating a vibrant and dynamic culture that continues to evolve and grow.
Transportation in North America
Transportation in North America is a critical component of the region's economy and infrastructure, providing essential connectivity between people, goods, and services. The continent's vast land area, diverse terrain, and diverse populations have led to a complex transportation network that includes a variety of modes of transportation, including road, rail, air, and water.
Road transportation is the most common mode of transportation in North America, with the majority of passenger and freight transportation occurring on the continent's extensive road network. The United States and Canada have some of the largest and most advanced highway systems in the world, with interstates and highways that span the entire continent.
The interstate highway system, which was initiated in the 1950s, is a network of high-speed, limited-access highways that link major cities and regions throughout the United States. The system covers over 160,000 miles and is vital to the country's economy, connecting producers, suppliers, and consumers with efficient and reliable transportation options. The Canadian highway system is similarly extensive, with the Trans-Canada Highway being the most well-known and used route.
Rail transportation is another vital mode of transportation in North America, providing efficient and cost-effective freight transportation across the continent. Rail transportation is especially crucial for transporting heavy and bulky goods over long distances, such as coal, oil, and other natural resources.
The North American rail network is one of the largest in the world, with thousands of miles of track spanning the continent. The rail network is primarily operated by two major rail companies: Union Pacific and BNSF Railway in the United States and Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway in Canada. These companies are responsible for the transportation of billions of dollars worth of goods and products each year, making rail transportation a critical component of the continent's economy.
Air transportation is an essential mode of transportation in North America, providing rapid and efficient transportation for both passengers and goods. North America is home to some of the world's busiest airports, including Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, O'Hare International Airport in Chicago, and Los Angeles International Airport.
The air transportation industry has also been vital to the development of international trade and tourism, with many airlines connecting North America to destinations around the world. The industry has also contributed significantly to the growth of e-commerce, with the rapid delivery of goods and products made possible by air cargo transportation.
Water transportation is a vital mode of transportation in North America, especially for the transportation of goods and products across the continent's extensive coastlines and waterways. The continent has some of the busiest ports in the world, including the Port of Los Angeles and the Port of New York and New Jersey.
The Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway System is also a crucial water transportation route, connecting the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean. This system allows for the transportation of goods and products to and from the heartland of North America to international markets, making it an essential component of the continent's transportation infrastructure.
Transportation is a vital component of North America's economy and infrastructure, providing the necessary connectivity between people, goods, and services. The continent's extensive road, rail, air, and water transportation networks are essential for the efficient and reliable transportation of goods and products across the continent and around the world.
As technology continues to evolve, the transportation industry is expected to continue to grow and change. Advances in electric and autonomous vehicles, as well as the development of high-speed rail systems and supersonic air travel, could transform the way people and goods are transported across North America and beyond. However, one thing is certain: transportation will remain an essential component of the continent's economy and infrastructure for many years to come.
Territories and Regions in North America
North America is divided into different territories and regions, each with its own unique culture, geography, and history. Here are some of the territories and regions in North America:
Canada is the second-largest country in the world, and it is located in the northern part of North America. The country is divided into ten provinces and three territories.
The United States is located in the southern part of North America, and it is divided into 50 states, along with several territories and possessions.
Mexico is located in the southern part of North America, and it is divided into 31 states and one federal district.
Central America is the region between North and South America, and it includes seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.
The Caribbean is a region located in the southeastern part of North America, and it includes many islands and countries, such as Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico.
Greenland is an autonomous territory of Denmark, located in the northeastern part of North America. It is the largest island in the world, and it is mostly covered in ice.
The Arctic is a region located in the northern part of North America, and it includes parts of Canada, Alaska, and Greenland. It is known for its harsh climate and unique wildlife.
The Pacific Northwest is a region located in the northwestern part of the United States, and it includes the states of Washington and Oregon. It is known for its lush forests, rugged coastline, and rainy climate.
The Rocky Mountains are a range of mountains located in western North America, stretching from Canada to the United States. They are known for their scenic beauty and outdoor recreational opportunities.
The Great Plains are a region located in the central part of North America, stretching from Canada to Mexico. It is known for its grasslands, rolling hills, and unique wildlife.