India State Map

Explore the state map of India, located in South Asia, is a country that covers most of the Indian subcontinent. It shares land borders with Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar (formerly Burma), China (specifically the Tibet Autonomous Region), Nepal, and Pakistan. Additionally, India has maritime borders with Indonesia, the Maldives, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

India State Map

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About India State Map

Explore the India state and union territories map showing all 28 states and 8 Union Territories of India.

States and Union Territories of India

India is a federation of states and operates as a Sovereign, Secular, Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system. The President acts as the head of the country's executive branch. In each state, a Governor represents the President and leads the state's executive branch. The states' governments are structured similarly to the national government. India comprises 28 states and 8 Union territories. The President governs the Union territories through an appointed Administrator. Each Indian state and Union territory, from the largest to the smallest, has its own distinct population, history, culture, attire, festivals, and language.

The Constitution of India divides the powers of the executive and the legislature that can be used in any state's territory between the central government (the Union) and the state itself.

India, a land of diversity and culture, is divided into 28 states and 8 union territories, each with its unique heritage, culture, and traditions. This vast country offers a mosaic of experiences, from the snow-capped Himalayas in the north to the sun-drenched beaches of the south, from the deserts of the west to the lush green landscapes of the east. Let's embark on a journey to explore the rich tapestry of Indian states and union territories.

Northern Gems

Jammu and Kashmir, known for its breathtaking beauty, is often referred to as "Paradise on Earth." The state offers serene lakes, lush meadows, and pristine landscapes. Himachal Pradesh is a haven for adventure enthusiasts, with its picturesque hill stations and thrilling trekking trails. Punjab, the land of five rivers, is celebrated for its agricultural prosperity, vibrant culture, and delicious cuisine.

The Heart of India

Uttar Pradesh, home to the iconic Taj Mahal, resonates with historical and cultural significance. Madhya Pradesh, often called the "Heart of India," boasts a rich heritage with its numerous monuments, temples, and wildlife sanctuaries. Bihar, with its ancient universities of Nalanda and Vikramashila, reflects the historical depth of the region.

Western Wonders

Rajasthan is known for its royal palaces, forts, and rich cultural history, offering a glimpse into the regal past of India. Gujarat, the land of the Mahatma Gandhi, dazzles with its vibrant festivals and the White Desert of Kutch. Maharashtra, with its bustling city of Mumbai, offers a mix of modernity and tradition, alongside beautiful coastal towns and the Western Ghats.

Southern Splendor

Kerala, aptly named "God's Own Country," is renowned for its backwaters, Ayurvedic treatments, and green landscapes. Tamil Nadu is home to ancient Dravidian temples and a rich cultural tapestry. Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are known for their IT hubs, ancient ruins, and delicious cuisines.

Eastern Delights

West Bengal, famous for its literature, arts, and the grand Durga Puja festival, has a special place in India's cultural landscape. Odisha is celebrated for its temples, beaches, and the Rath Yatra. The northeastern states, including Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, and others, offer unexplored natural beauty and unique cultural experiences.

Union Territories: Small but Mighty

The Union Territories of India, including Delhi, the national capital, Puducherry with its French colonial charm, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands with pristine beaches, play a crucial role in the country's diversity. Ladakh, with its mesmerizing landscapes and Buddhist monasteries, is a recent addition that has captured the imagination of travelers.

This snapshot of India's states and union territories only scratches the surface of what this incredible country has to offer. Each region has its unique story, waiting to be explored and celebrated. India's diversity is its strength, bringing together a multitude of cultures, languages, and traditions under one umbrella. As we delve deeper into each state and union territory, we discover the true essence of India – unity in diversity.

States in India

S.N.StateVehicle codeZoneCapitalLargest cityStatehoodPopulationArea (km2)Official languagesAdditional official languages
1Andhra PradeshAPSouthernAmaravatiVisakhapatnam1 November 195649,506,799160,205Telugu-
2Arunachal PradeshARNorth-EasternItanagarItanagar20 February 19871,383,72783,743English-
3AssamASNorth-EasternDispurGuwahati26 January 195031,205,57678,550AssameseBengali, Bodo
4BiharBREasternPatnaPatna 104,099,45294,163HindiUrdu
5ChhattisgarhCGCentralNava RaipurRaipur1 November 200025,545,198135,194HindiChhattisgarhi
6GoaGAWesternPanajiVasco da Gama30 May 19871,458,5453,702KonkaniMarathi
7GujaratGJWesternGandhinagarAhmedabad1 May 196060,439,692196,024Gujarati-
8HaryanaHRNorthernChandigarhFaridabad1 November 196625,351,46244,212HindiPunjabi
9Himachal PradeshHPNorthernShimla (Summer), Dharamshala (Winter)Shimla25 January 19716,864,60255,673HindiSanskrit
10JharkhandJHEasternRanchiJamshedpur15 November 200032,988,13474,677HindiSantali, Urdu
11KarnatakaKASouthernBengaluruBengaluru1 November 195661,095,297191,791Kannada-
12KeralaKLSouthernThiruvananthapuramKochi1 November 195633,406,06138,863Malayalam-
13Madhya PradeshMPCentralBhopalIndore26 January 195072,626,809308,252Hindi-
14MaharashtraMHWesternMumbai (Summer), Nagpur (Winter)Mumbai1 May 1960112,374,333307,713Marathi-
15ManipurMNNorth-EasternImphalImphal21 January 19722,855,79422,347MeiteiEnglish
16MeghalayaMLNorth-EasternShillongShillong21 January 19722,966,88922,720EnglishKhasi
17MizoramMZNorth-EasternAizawlAizawl20 February 19871,097,20621,081English, Hindi, Mizo-
18NagalandNLNorth-EasternKohimaDimapur1 December 19631,978,50216,579English-
19OdishaODEasternBhubaneswarBhubaneswar26 January 195041,974,218155,820Odia-
20PunjabPBNorthernChandigarhLudhiana1 November 196627,743,33850,362Punjabi-
21RajasthanRJNorthernJaipurJaipur26 January 195068,548,437342,269HindiEnglish
22SikkimSKNorth-EasternGangtokGangtok16 May 1975610,5777,096English, NepaliBhutia, Gurung, Lepcha, Limbu, Manggar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa, Tamang
23Tamil NaduTNSouthernChennaiChennai1 November 195672,147,030130,058TamilEnglish
24TelanganaTSSouthernHyderabadHyderabad2 June 201435,193,978114,840TeluguUrdu
25TripuraTRNorth-EasternAgartalaAgartala21 January 19723,673,91710,492Bengali, English, Kokborok-
26Uttar PradeshUPCentralLucknowKanpur26 January 1950199,812,341243,286HindiUrdu
27UttarakhandUKCentralGairsain (Summer), Dehradun (Winter)Dehradun9 November 200010,086,29253,483HindiSanskrit
28West BengalWBEasternKolkataKolkata26 January 195091,276,11588,752Bengali, NepaliHindi, Odia, Punjabi, Santali, Urdu

Union Territories of India

S.N.Union territoryVehicle codeZoneCapitalLargest cityUT establishedPopulationArea (km2)Official languagesAdditional official languages
1Andaman and Nicobar IslandsANSouthernPort BlairPort Blair1 November 1956380,5818,249English, HindiBengali, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu
2ChandigarhCHNorthernChandigarh1 November 19661,055,450114English, Hindi, Punjabi-
3Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and DiuDDWesternDamanDaman26 January 2020586,956603English, Gujarati, HindiKonkani, Marathi
4DelhiDLNorthernNew Delhi1 November 195616,787,9411,490English, HindiPunjabi, Urdu
5Jammu and KashmirJKNorthernSrinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)Srinagar31 October 201912,258,43355,538English, Hindi, UrduDogri, Kashmiri
6LadakhLANorthernLeh (Summer), Kargil (Winter)Leh31 October 2019290,492174,852English, Ladakhi, UrduBalti, Purgi
7LakshadweepLDSouthernKavarattiKavaratti1 November 195664,47332English, Malayalam-
8PuducherryPYSouthernPondicherryPondicherry16 August 19621,247,953492English, TamilMalayalam, Telugu

History of Indian States and Union Territories

India, a land of diversity and history, is a union of states and territories, each with its own unique heritage. This rich tapestry of cultures, languages, and traditions is what makes India truly incredible. Let's embark on a journey through the history of Indian states and Union Territories, uncovering the stories that have shaped this great nation.

The Northern Sentinels

Jammu and Kashmir

Known for its breathtaking landscapes, Jammu and Kashmir's history is as captivating as its beauty. Historically ruled by Mauryas, Kushans, and Mughals, it's a land where various cultures have interwoven.


The land of five rivers, Punjab, is synonymous with bravery and Sikhism. Its history, rich with the Sikh Gurus' teachings, has been a significant contributor to India's struggle for freedom.

Himachal Pradesh

Nestled in the Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh's history is marked by various dynasties like the Mauryas and the Mughals, with a rich tradition of folklore and music.

The Western Desert and Coast


Known for its forts and palaces, Rajasthan's history is a saga of Rajputana valor and grandeur. It's a state where history and culture converge in the desert sands.


Home to the Indus Valley Civilization, Gujarat's history is ancient and vibrant. It played a pivotal role in India's maritime trade and was Mahatma Gandhi's birthplace, the leader of India's independence movement.


The land of the Marathas, Maharashtra's history is filled with tales of bravery and the struggle against the Mughals and the British. It's also India's economic powerhouse today.

The Eastern Temples and Shores

West Bengal

Known for its rich literary heritage and revolutionary history, West Bengal was a significant player in India's freedom struggle. The state's capital, Kolkata, was the British Empire's capital until 1911.


Famous for its historic temples and maritime history, Odisha was a prominent trading region with Southeast Asia. The state's history is a blend of various dynasties, including the Kalinga and the Gajapati kingdom.

The Southern Peninsula

Tamil Nadu

Home to one of humanity's oldest living civilizations, Tamil Nadu's history is rich with the legacy of the Cholas, Pandyas, and Pallavas. Dravidian culture and Hindu temples define its heritage.


Known as "God's Own Country", Kerala's spice trade history goes back thousands of years. It's a melting pot of Hinduism, Christianity, and Islam, with a matriarchal society unique to the Indian subcontinent.

The Central Heartland

Madhya Pradesh

Often called the "Heart of India", its history is etched in the stone of its numerous forts and temples. It has been the center of various Indian empires, including the Mauryan and the Gupta empires.

The Union Territories: Miniature Indias


India's capital, a city with a history that spans over a millennium, has been the epicenter of power dynamics through the Delhi Sultanate, Mughal Empire, and the British Raj.


A former French colony, it's a window into colonial influence in India, blending French architectural styles with traditional Indian sensibilities.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands:

Known for their strategic maritime location, these islands have a dark history as a colonial prison but are today a symbol of beauty and resilience.

The history of Indian states and Union Territories is a fascinating saga of dynasties, cultures, and revolutions that have shaped the current identity of India. As we explore these stories, we not only learn about the past but also gain insights into the rich cultural fabric that makes India what it is today. Each state and territory, with its unique legacy, contributes to the diverse mosaic that is India, telling tales of ancient civilizations, colonial times, and the freedom struggle that led to the nation's birth in its modern form.

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