United States Map with Capitals
Here is a list of American capital cities that have served or serve as state capitals, country capitals, capitals of territories of the U.S., unincorporated U.S. areas capitals, colonial capitals, and capitals of Native America.
Washington, D.C. (formally the District of Columbia), has been the national capital of the U.S. since 1800. Every state of the United States of America has their own capital, as do its insular areas have. Most states of the U.S. have not switched their capital since admission to the Union, but the capitals of their corresponding prior kingdoms, territories, colonies, and republics commonly altered many times. There are other governments in the present boundaries of America with their individual capital cities, like the Native American Tribal nations in the U.S., Republic of Texas, and other anonymous governments.
United States Map with Capitals in Albers Equal Area Projection
US States and Capitals Map in Mercator Projection ( US Map )
About United States Map with Capitals or US Map
The above US states and capitals maps are showing all the 50 states of United States of America with their state capitals and national capital Washington D.C..
US States and Capitals
The United States comprises 50 states and every state has a capital. The capital of each state serves as its seat of government and is home to many government buildings. Of these 50 states, 25 states of the U.S. have changed their capitals at least once. Ten states belong to the group of the thirteen original states. Oklahoma was the last U.S. state to change its capital. In 1910, Oklahoma moved its capital from Guthrie to Oklahoma City.
The ‘Capital Since’ column in the following table list the years when that particular city became the capital of the state.
|S.N.||State||Abr.||State-hood||Capital||Area (mi²)||Capital since||Capital Population (2019 est.)||Population Rank in State (City Proper)|
|1||New Mexico||NM||1912||Santa Fe||37.3||1610||84,683||4|
|34||Utah||UT||1896||Salt Lake City||109.1||1858||200,567||1|
Capital of Insular Areas
Insular area or Isolated area is a US territory or region that is not either a part or region of 1 of the 50 U.S. states and nor a region of the DC (District of Columbia), the US's national capital. Those isolated or insular territories with their capitals are mentioned below.
Capitals of US Insular Areas
|S.N.||Abbreviation||Insular Areas Name||Capitals||Capital Since||Population (2010)|
|1||PR||Puerto Rico||San Juan||1898||3,95,326|
|2||MP||Northern Mariana Islands||Saipan||1947||48,220|
|3||VI||U.S. Virgin Islands||Charlotte Amalie||1917||18,481|
|4||AS||American Samoa||Pago Pago||1899||3,656|
Capitals of United States
According to the Articles of Confederation, which came into force on March 1, 1781, the U.S. did not have a stable capital. The cities mentioned below were those places where the colonial American congresses held their meetings. The present Constitution of the United States was authorized in 1787. The constitution bestowed upon the Congress the authority to exercise ‘absolute constitution upon a commune that was to the the United States government’s seat of power. This was to be after cession of a few particular states and the recognition of the Congress.
The meeting of the first Congress took place in New York in Federal Hall. The Residence Act was passed in 1790. As per this act, the country capital was to be established at a place near the Potomac River. This place came to be known as Washington D.C. But for the afterward 10 years, i.e.. until 1800, Philadelphia, was the short-lived capital of the United States and the meetings took place at the Congress Hall. On 17th November, 1800, the Congress moved from Philadelphia to Washington D.C and formally convened in the new capital. Since then the Congress has held all its meetings in Washington D.C, except on two occasions. On 16th July, 1987, it met at Philadelphia’s Independence Hall. The occasion commemorated the 200th commemoration of the constitution’s ratification. On September 6, 2002, it met at the New York’s Federal Hall National Memorial. It marked September 11 attacks first anniversary.
From 1754 to 1819, Congress met in numerous locations; therefore, the following cities can be said to have once been the United States capital.
|Capital City||Building Name||State Name||Date (Start)||Date (End)||Governing Body|
|Albany||Stadt Huys||New York||19-Jun-1754||11-Jul-1754||Albany Congress|
|New York||City Hall||New York||7-Oct-1765||25-Oct-1765||Stamp Act Congress|
|Philadelphia||Carpenters' Hall||Pennsylvania||5-Sep-1774||26-Oct-1774||First Continental Congress|
|Philadelphia||Independence Hall||Pennsylvania||10-May-1775||12-Dec-1776||Second Continental Congress|
|Baltimore||Henry Fite House||Maryland||20-Dec-1776||27-Feb-1777||Second Continental Congress|
|Philadelphia||Independence Hall||Pennsylvania||5-Mar-1777||18-Sep-1777||Second Continental Congress|
|Lancaster||Court House||Pennsylvania||27-Sep-1777||27-Sep-1777||Second Continental Congress|
|York||Court House||Pennsylvania||30-Sep-1777||27-Jun-1778||Second Continental Congress|
|Philadelphia||College Hall||Pennsylvania||2-Jul-1778||1-Mar-1781||Second Continental Congress|
|Philadelphia||Independence Hall||Pennsylvania||2-Mar-1781||21-Jun-1783||Congress of the Confederation|
|Princeton||Nassau Hall||New Jersey||30-Jun-1783||4-Nov-1783||Congress of the Confederation|
|Annapolis||Maryland State House||Maryland||26-Nov-1783||19-Aug-1784||Congress of the Confederation|
|Trenton||French Arms Tavern||New Jersey||1-Nov-1784||24-Dec-1784||Congress of the Confederation|
|New York||City Hall||New York||11-Jan-1785||6-Oct-1788||Congress of the Confederation|
|New York||Federal Hall||New York||4-Mar-1789||5-Dec-1790||United States Congress|
|Philadelphia||Congress Hall||Pennsylvania||6-Dec-1790||14-May-1800||United States Congress|
|District of Columbia||United States Capitol||-||17-Nov-1800||24-Aug-1814||United States Congress|
|Washington, D.C.||Blodgett's Hotel||-||19-Sep-1814||7-Dec-1815||United States Congress|
|Washington, D.C.||Old Brick Capitol||-||4-Dec-1815||3-Mar-1819||United States Congress|
|Washington, D.C.||United States Capitol||-||4-Mar-1819||present||United States Congress|
The United States of America
The United States, which is located in North America, is the world’s fourth largest country. Covering an area of approximately 3,796,742 square miles, the United States is composed of 50 states and the federal district of Washington D.C, which is the capital of the country. Of these 50 states, 48 are contiguous and are located between the nations of Canada and Mexico. The other two states are Alaska and Hawaii. While Alaska is located in the northwestern part of North America, Hawaii is located in the mid-Pacific and is an archipelago.
Among these, Alaska is the largest state of the country. The state comprises an area of 665,384 square miles. Meanwhile, the state of Rhode Island, which is located in the New England region of the northeastern United States, is the smallest in terms of area. It covers an area of just 1,545 square miles.
Comprising a population of approximately 39,512,223 people, California is the most populous state of the country, while Wyoming is the least populous with 578,759 people residing in the state.
Delaware, which is situated in the northeastern regions of the United States, was one of the original 13 colonies that took part in the American Revolution. On December 7, 1787, Delaware ratified the Constitution, becoming the first state to do so. The past two centuries have witnessed many other states joining the Union and the most recent case is that of Hawaii. Hawaii was admitted to the Union on August 21, 1959.
The U.S. contains 50 states, 1 federal district, 326 Indian reservations, 5 major unincorporated areas, and few small possessions. In terms of total area, the United States is the fourth largest nation in the world. The USA comprises 3.8 million sq mi or 9.8 million sq km. The United States accord significantly large land borders with Canada and Mexico. Moreover, it shares defined maritime borders with countries like the Bahamas, Cuba, and Russia. The USA has a population of more than .331 billion residents, which makes it the 3rd most populous nation in the world. New York City is the most populous city and the national capital is Washington D.C..
12,000 years ago, the Paleo-Indians migrated to the North American mainland from Siberia. In the 16th century, European colonization commenced. The United States evolved from the thirteen British colonies set up along the East Coast. The American Revolutionary War, which took place from 1775 and lasted till 1783, happened because of disputes over taxation and political representation with Great Britain. The American War brought independence to the USA. In the late 18th century, the USA began expanding its territories across North America. It gradually obtained new territories, at times through war. These small wars also resulted in the displacement of the Native Americans. The USA also formed new states by expanding its total area. Slavery was legal in the Southern United States till the second half of the 19th century. There are two wars that made the USA superior in the world. The Spanish-American war and the First World War propelled the USA to the top of the list of powerful countries.
During the Cold War, the United States fought the Korean War. However, it avoided direct military confrontation with the Soviet Union. Both the Soviet Union and the USA competed in the space race. In 1969, the first spaceflight was able to land humans on the moon. The dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 ended the Cold War. In other words, the USA emerged as the sole superpower of the world.
The United States is a federal republic and a representative democracy. It comprises three separate government branches, which also includes a bicameral legislature. The USA is the founding member of the United Nations, IMF, NATO, World Bank, and other international organizations. It is also the primary member of the United Nations Security Council. The USA is regarded as the melting point of ethnicities and cultures. The population of the USA has been dramatically influenced by centuries of immigration. The nation ranks relatively high in international measures of quality of life, economic freedom, human rights, low corruption levels, and education. On the contrary, the United States has received inequality on the basis of wealth, income, and race. The USA has higher rates of capital punishment, incarceration, and a lack of universal healthcare.
The USA is a highly developed nation and accounts for approximately a quarter of the global GDP. It is also the world’s largest economy by GDP along with market exchange values. In terms of value, the USA is the world’s largest importer and second-largest exporter of goods. The population of the USA is only 4.2% of the world’s total population. However, it still holds 29.4% of the natural wealth in the world. In simple words, it is the most significant share held by any nation. This also makes the United States the most enormous military power in the world. The USA is also a leading political, cultural, and scientific force internationally.
Facts about United States of America
|Facts about US|
|Chief Justice||John Roberts|
|Government||Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic|
|House Speaker||Nancy Pelosi (Democratic Party)|
|Lower House||House of Representatives|
|President||Joe Biden (Democratic Party)|
|Vice President||Kamala Harris (Democratic Party)|
|Confederation||March 1, 1781|
|Constitution||June 21, 1788|
|Declaration||July 4, 1776|
|Independence from||Great Britain|
|Last State Admitted||August 21, 1959|
|Treaty of Paris||September 3, 1783|
|Total Area||3,796,742 square miles (9,833,520 square kilometers)|
|Total Land Area||3,531,905 square miles (9,147,590 square kilometers)|
|GDP (Nominal) 2022 Estimate||Total: $24.8 Trillion, GDP Per Capita: $74,725|
|GDP (PPP) 2022 Estimate||Total: $24.8 Trillion, GDP Per Capita: $74,725|
|Highest Point||Denali 6,190 meters (Mount McKinley) (highest point in the continent of North America)|
|Lowest Point||Death Valley (lowest point in the continent of North America) -86 meters|
|Mean Elevation||760 meters|
|Anthem||The Star-Spangled Banner|
|Birth Rate (2021 estimate)||12.33 births/1,000 population|
|Border Countries||Canada 8,891 kilometers (including 2,475 kilometers with Alaska), Mexico 3,111 kilometers|
|Currency||U.S. Dollar ($) or USD|
|Death Rate (2021 estimate)||8.35 deaths/1,000 population|
|Education Expenditures||5% of GDP|
|Ethnic Groups (2020)||By Race: 61.6% White, 12.4% Black, 6.0% Asian, 1.1% Native American, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 10.2% Multiracial and 8.4% Other; By Hispanic or Latino Origin: 81.3% Non-Hispanic or Latino, 18.7% Hispanic or Latino|
|Geographic Coordinates||38 00 N, 97 00 W|
|Internet Country Code||.us|
|Irrigated Land||264,000 square kilometers|
|ISO 3166 Code||US|
|Land Boundaries||Total: 12,002 kilometers|
|Land Use||Agricultural Land: Total: 44.5%, Arable Land: 16.8%, Permanent Crops: 0.3%, Permanent Pasture: 27.4% ; Forest: 33.3% ; and Other: 22.2%|
|Largest City||New York City|
|Motto||In God We Trust|
|National Language||English (de facto)|
|National Symbol(s)||Bald Eagle ; National Colors: Red, White, Blue|
|Population||2021 Estimate: 331,893,745 ; 2020 Census: 331,449,281 ; Population Density: 87/sq mi (33.6/km2)|
|Religion (2021)||63% Christianity, 40% Protestantism, 21% Catholicism, 2% Other Christian, 28% No religion, 6% Other, 2% Unanswered|
|Time Zone||UTC-4 to -12, +10, +11 ; Summer (DST): UTC-4 to -10|
|Net Migration Rate (2021 estimate)||3.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population|
History of the United States
The history of the U.S. was preceded by the landing of Native Americans in the continent of North America about 15,000 BC. Various indigenous civilizations developed, and numerous departed in the 1500s. The advent of Christopher Columbus in 1492 initiated the European settlement of the Americas. Maximum settlements were established after 1600, and the U.S. was the 1st country whose most far ancestors are completely documented. By the 1760s, the 13 British settlements or colonies consisted of 2.5 million humans on the Coast of Atlantic east of the Mountains of Appalachian. After overthrowing France, British rule enforced a set of taxes, along with the 1765 Stamp Act, denying the colonists' constitutional debate that recent taxes required their endorsement. Refusal to these new taxes, specifically the 1773 Boston Tea Party, got to Parliament declaring punishing laws formed to stop self-government. Armed combat began in 1775 in Massachusetts.
In Philadelphia, in 1776, the 2nd Continental Congress announced the independence of the settlements or colonies as the "U.S.". Managed by a General named George Washington, it conquered the Revolutionary War. The reconciliation treaty of 1783 formed the borders of the new country. The Confederation Articles settled a central government, though it was futile at giving strength as it could not gather taxes and had no governing officer. A council wrote a different Constitution that was followed in 1789 and a Bill of new Rights was further added to the Constitution in 1791 to assure basic rights. With George Washington as the 1st president with his chief adviser Alexander Hamilton, a stable central government was formed. Acquirement of the Territory of Louisiana in 1803 from France doubled the area of the U.S..
Determined by the concept of unmistakable destiny, the U.S. widened to the Pacific Coast. While the United States was extensive in terms of total area. In 1790, its population was only four million. The population increased expeditiously and the growth of the economy was even greater. In comparison to European powers, the United State’s military power was comparatively finite in peacetime before 1940. The Westernmost spread was guided by a pursuit for low-cost land for servant farmers and slaveholders. The development of slavery was progressively contentious and inflamed constitutional and political wars, which were settled by compromises. Bondage or slavery was eradicated in all U.S. states north of the line of Mason–Dixon by 1804, though the South maintained the slavery, majorly for the manufacturing of cotton. Abraham Lincoln was voted-in as a president of U.S. in 1860 on a podium of stopping the spread of slavery. 7 slave states from the south rebelled and established the base of the Confederacy. In 1861 a strike on a federal fort initiated a Civil War. The collapse of the Confederates in 1865 got to the abrogation of slavery. In the Reorganization age after the war, constitutional and voting powers were elongated to discharged slaves. The United State’s government developed much more stable and stronger, and had a definite duty to save everyone's rights. Nonetheless, when white people from the South returned to their power in 1877, generally by paramilitary elimination of voting, they created Jim Crow acts to preserve white dominance, along with new depriving state laws that stopped maximum African Americans and various Poor Whites from balloting.
The U.S. developed into the world's top industrial and economic power at the change of the 20th century, as a result of an eruption of industrialization and entrepreneurship and the arrival of lots of immigrant laborers and farmers. A country-wide railroad system was finished and a large number of mines and industries were settled. Huge disapproval with corruption, incapability, and old politics accelerated the Progressive evolution, from 1890s to 1920s, leading to transformations, together with the governmental income tax, straightforward balloting of Senators, liquor restriction, and women's right to vote. Originally uninvolved amid World War I, in 1917, the U.S. announced war on Germany and financed the Allied triumph the next year. Later in the wealthy booming Twenties, the Crash of Wall Street in 1929 noted as the beginning of the decade-long global Great Depression. The president of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt executed his New Deal set of programs, along with help for the jobless, assistance for agriculturist, Social Security, and a minimum salary. The New Deal exemplified present American liberalism. In 1941, after the Japan’s strike on Pearl Harbor, the U.S. began to be involved in World War II and funded the alliance determined war attempt, and assisted beating Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. Its participation later reached a climax using freshly developed nuclear weapons on 2 Japan’s cities to beat Japan in the Pacific War.
The U.S. and the Soviet Union developed as rival powerful nations in the outcome of World War II. At the time of the Cold War, the 2 nations stood up to each other discursively in the arms chase, the Space chase, biased or misleading campaigns, and confined wars against the expansion of communist. In the 1960s, in huge part because of the power of the civil rights evolution or movement, one more stream of social reforms was executed which imposed the essential authority of voting and freedom of evolution to African Americans and more minorities affected with racism. In 1991, the Cold War finished with the disintegration of the Soviet Union, allowing the U.S. as the only global superpower. Foreign strategy and policy following the Cold War has centralized on current disagreements in the Middle East, specifically in reply to the September 11 strikes and the growth of the Levant and Iraq's Islamic State. At the dawn of the 21st century, the U.S. was involved in the Great Recession and the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, followed by a lower percentage of economic success amid these eras.
Geography of the United States
The forty-eight adjoining states and the District of Columbia hold an total area of 3,119,885 square miles (8,080,470 square kilometers). Out of this, 2,959,064 sq mi (7,663,940 km2) is contiguous land, this is 83.65% of the total land area of the United States. Hawaii, covering an archipelago in the central Pacific, south-west of the continent of North America, is 28,311 km2 (10,931 square miles) in area. The 5 colonized but unincorporated territories of American Samoa, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, Guam, and U.S. Virgin Islands together hold 23,789 km2 (9,185 square miles). Calculated by only land area, the U.S. is 3rd in size trailing Russia and China, just before Canada.
The U.S. is the world's 3rd or 4th largest country by total area (including land and water), ranking after Russia & Canada and closely equal to China. The standing differs depending on how 2 territories disputed by India & China are counted, and how the total area of the U.S. is measured.
The coastal plain of the seaboard of the Atlantic gives way more inland to ephemeral forests and the rolling hills terrain of the Piedmont plateau region. The Appalachian Mountains split the eastern seaboard from the grasslands of Midwest & the Great Lakes. The Mississippi–Missouri River, the earth's 4th longest river system, flows primarily north-south through the heart of the United States. The plain, fertile meadow of the Great Plains spans to the west, obstructed by a highland area in the south-east.
The Rocky Mountains, western region of the Great Plains, spread north to south over the U.S., culminating over 4,300 m (14,000 feet) in Colorado. Beyond west are the craggy Great Basin & deserts like the Chihuahua & Mojave. The Sierra Nevada & Cascade mountain ranges spread near to the Pacific coast, both of these mountain ranges reaching elevation higher than 4,300 m (14,000 feet). The highest and lowest points in the contiguous U.S. are in the California state, and merely about 135 km (84 miles) apart. At an altitude of 6,190.5 m (20,310 feet), Denali of Alaska is the highest peak in the U.S. and in the continent of North America. Alive volcanoes are common all over Alaska's Aleutian and Alexander Islands, and Hawaii comprises volcanic islands. The supervolcano lying in Yellowstone National Park in the Rockies is North America's biggest volcanic point.
The U.S., with its large area and geological diversity, comprises nearly all types of climate. To the east of the hundredth meridian, the climate conditions range from moist continental in the north to moist subtropical in the south. The Great Plains in the west of the hundredth meridian are semi-arid. Many of the Western mountain ranges have alpine climate conditions. The climate condition is arid in the Great Basin, desert land in the South-west, Mediterranean in the coastal region of California, and oceanic in Washington, coastal Oregon & southern region of Alaska. Most of Alaska is subarctic or polar. State of Hawaii and Florida's southern tip are tropical, along with its territories in the Pacific and the Caribbean. States of the United States of America edging the Gulf of Mexico are susceptible to hurricanes, and many of the earth's tornadoes arise in the U.S., majorly in Tornado Alley regions in the Midwest & South. In general, the U.S. gets major highly impacted extreme weather events than any other nation in the world.
Former national capitals
Kingdom and Republic of Hawaii
Before becoming a territory of the US in 1898, Hawaii was an independent nation. 5 sites served as its capital:
|Kingdom of Hawaii||Waikīkī||1795 - 1796|
|Hilo||1796 - 1803|
|Kailua-Kona||1812 - 1820|
|Lahaina||1820 - 1845|
|Honolulu||1803 - 1812|
|1845 - January 17, 1893|
|January 17, 1893 - July 4, 1894 (as the seat of the Hawaii's Provisional Government after the dethrone of the Kingdom of Hawaii)|
|Republic of Hawaii||July 4, 1894 - July 7, 1898|
|Territory of Hawaii||July 7, 1898 - 1959 (covered by the Newlands Resolution to turn into the Territory of Hawaii)|
|State of Hawaii||1959 - till date (Hawaii on becoming a state of the US in 1959)|
Republic of Texas
Prior to joining the US under the Texas Annexation in 1845, the state of Texas was an autonomous nation acknowledged as the Republic of Texas. 7 cities served as its capital:
|Washington (now Washington-on-the-Brazos)||1836|
|Harrisburg (now part of Houston)||1836|
|Houston||1837 - 1839|
|Austin||1839 - 1845 (present capital)|
Native American capitals
Few Native American tribes, especially the 5 Civilized Tribes, formed their states with capitals and constitutions in Western style. Rest, like the Iroquois, had long-existing, pre-Columbian custom of a 'capitol' longhouse where council fires and wampum were continued with significant status. Since they did trade with the United States Federal Government, these capitals can be observe as officially accepted in some sense.
|New Echota||1825 - 1832|
|Red Clay||1832 - 1838|
|Tahlequah||1839 - 1907, 1938 - present|
|Cherokee||20th century - present (Cherokee's Eastern Band)|
Muscogee Creek Nation
|Hot Springs, Arkansas c.||1837-1866|
Seneca Nation of Indians
|Onondaga (Onondaga privilege c.)||1450-present|
Jimerson Town (Allegany Reservation)
Irving (Cattaraugus Reservation)
Unrecognized national capitals
There have been few nations inside the present borders of the US which were never officially accepted as constitutionally autonomous sovereign entities; but, these entities did have actual regulation over their respective areas at the time of their existence.
|Windsor||1777 - 1791|
State of Franklin
|Jonesborough, Tennessee||1784 - ?|
|Greeneville, Tennessee||1785? - ?|
State of Muskogee
|Miccosukee||1799 - 1803|
Republic of West Florida
|St. Francisville, Louisiana||1810|
Republic of Indian Stream
|Pittsburg, New Hampshire||1832 - 1835|
|Montgomery||4th February, 1861 - 29th May, 1861|
|Richmond||29th May, 1861 - 3rd April, 1865|