India Political Map

Explore political map of India, it is divided into 28 states and 8 union territories, each with its own government. States have their own elected governments, while union territories are governed by administrators appointed by the central government. Each state and territory has its unique culture and governance, contributing to India's diversity. This structure allows for both local governance and national integration, with powers shared between state and central governments as outlined in the Constitution of India.

India Political Map

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States and Union Territories of India

States of India

S.N.StateVehicle codeZoneCapitalLargest cityStatehoodPopulationArea (km2)Official languagesAdditional official languages
1Andhra PradeshAPSouthernAmaravatiVisakhapatnam1 November 195649,506,799160,205Telugu-
2Arunachal PradeshARNorth-EasternItanagarItanagar20 February 19871,383,72783,743English-
3AssamASNorth-EasternDispurGuwahati26 January 195031,205,57678,550AssameseBengali, Bodo
4BiharBREasternPatnaPatna 104,099,45294,163HindiUrdu
5ChhattisgarhCGCentralNava RaipurRaipur1 November 200025,545,198135,194HindiChhattisgarhi
6GoaGAWesternPanajiVasco da Gama30 May 19871,458,5453,702KonkaniMarathi
7GujaratGJWesternGandhinagarAhmedabad1 May 196060,439,692196,024Gujarati-
8HaryanaHRNorthernChandigarhFaridabad1 November 196625,351,46244,212HindiPunjabi
9Himachal PradeshHPNorthernShimla (Summer), Dharamshala (Winter)Shimla25 January 19716,864,60255,673HindiSanskrit
10JharkhandJHEasternRanchiJamshedpur15 November 200032,988,13474,677HindiSantali, Urdu
11KarnatakaKASouthernBengaluruBengaluru1 November 195661,095,297191,791Kannada-
12KeralaKLSouthernThiruvananthapuramKochi1 November 195633,406,06138,863Malayalam-
13Madhya PradeshMPCentralBhopalIndore26 January 195072,626,809308,252Hindi-
14MaharashtraMHWesternMumbai (Summer), Nagpur (Winter)Mumbai1 May 1960112,374,333307,713Marathi-
15ManipurMNNorth-EasternImphalImphal21 January 19722,855,79422,347MeiteiEnglish
16MeghalayaMLNorth-EasternShillongShillong21 January 19722,966,88922,720EnglishKhasi
17MizoramMZNorth-EasternAizawlAizawl20 February 19871,097,20621,081English, Hindi, Mizo-
18NagalandNLNorth-EasternKohimaDimapur1 December 19631,978,50216,579English-
19OdishaODEasternBhubaneswarBhubaneswar26 January 195041,974,218155,820Odia-
20PunjabPBNorthernChandigarhLudhiana1 November 196627,743,33850,362Punjabi-
21RajasthanRJNorthernJaipurJaipur26 January 195068,548,437342,269HindiEnglish
22SikkimSKNorth-EasternGangtokGangtok16 May 1975610,5777,096English, NepaliBhutia, Gurung, Lepcha, Limbu, Manggar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa, Tamang
23Tamil NaduTNSouthernChennaiChennai1 November 195672,147,030130,058TamilEnglish
24TelanganaTSSouthernHyderabadHyderabad2 June 201435,193,978114,840TeluguUrdu
25TripuraTRNorth-EasternAgartalaAgartala21 January 19723,673,91710,492Bengali, English, Kokborok-
26Uttar PradeshUPCentralLucknowKanpur26 January 1950199,812,341243,286HindiUrdu
27UttarakhandUKCentralGairsain (Summer), Dehradun (Winter)Dehradun9 November 200010,086,29253,483HindiSanskrit
28West BengalWBEasternKolkataKolkata26 January 195091,276,11588,752Bengali, NepaliHindi, Odia, Punjabi, Santali, Urdu

Union Territories of India

S.N.Union territoryVehicle codeZoneCapitalLargest cityUT establishedPopulationArea (km2)Official languagesAdditional official languages
1Andaman and Nicobar IslandsANSouthernPort BlairPort Blair1 November 1956380,5818,249English, HindiBengali, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu
2ChandigarhCHNorthernChandigarh1 November 19661,055,450114English, Hindi, Punjabi-
3Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and DiuDDWesternDamanDaman26 January 2020586,956603English, Gujarati, HindiKonkani, Marathi
4DelhiDLNorthernNew Delhi1 November 195616,787,9411,490English, HindiPunjabi, Urdu
5Jammu and KashmirJKNorthernSrinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)Srinagar31 October 201912,258,43355,538English, Hindi, UrduDogri, Kashmiri
6LadakhLANorthernLeh (Summer), Kargil (Winter)Leh31 October 2019290,492174,852English, Ladakhi, UrduBalti, Purgi
7LakshadweepLDSouthernKavarattiKavaratti1 November 195664,47332English, Malayalam-
8PuducherryPYSouthernPondicherryPondicherry16 August 19621,247,953492English, TamilMalayalam, Telugu

Administrative Divisions of India

India, a vast and diverse country, is organized into multiple layers of administrative divisions, each with its own unique role in governance. These divisions help in the efficient management of resources, governance, and administration across the country's expanse. Understanding India's administrative framework offers insight into how this large nation operates and addresses the needs of its billion-plus population.

States and Union Territories

At the broadest level, India is divided into 28 states and 8 Union Territories. States have their own governments with a significant degree of autonomy in governance, whereas Union Territories are directly governed by the Central Government. However, Delhi and Puducherry, two of the Union Territories, have their own legislative assemblies and operate somewhat like states due to their special status.


Each state and Union Territory is further subdivided into districts, the crucial administrative units in India. As of now, there are over 700 districts in the country. Each district is administered by a District Collector or District Magistrate, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service. Districts are pivotal in implementing government policies and schemes at the grassroots level.

Sub-Divisions and Tehsils

Districts are further divided into sub-divisions, overseen by Sub-Divisional Magistrates, and these in turn are divided into tehsils or talukas. This layer focuses more on local governance, revenue collection, and land records management. Tehsils play a critical role in the rural administration, including agricultural development, tax collection, and local dispute resolution.

Villages and Municipalities

At the grassroots level, India’s administrative divisions include villages in rural areas and municipalities in urban areas. Villages are often governed by Panchayats, which are elected bodies responsible for the local self-governance. Urban areas are divided into municipalities or municipal corporations, depending on their size and population. These bodies manage urban planning, public health, education, and infrastructure within their jurisdictions.

Metropolitan Areas

Some of India’s largest cities form metropolitan areas, which encompass the city along with its adjoining suburbs and satellite towns. These areas are managed by Metropolitan Development Authorities, which are responsible for planning and coordinating development across the metropolitan region.

Importance of Administrative Divisions

The multi-layered administrative divisions in India are designed to bring governance closer to the people. This structure allows for localized decision-making, addressing the specific needs of India's diverse population. It facilitates effective governance, efficient delivery of public services, and ensures that the benefits of development reach every corner of the country.

India's administrative divisions are the backbone of its governance and public administration system. From the bustling metropolises to the remotest villages, these divisions ensure that the government's presence is felt everywhere. They play a crucial role in the nation's development, helping India move forward as a unified yet diverse entity. Understanding these divisions helps one appreciate the complexity and efficiency of governance in the world’s largest democracy.

Zones and Regions of India


India is divided into several zones and regions, each with its own unique characteristics and cultural heritage. These zones, often based on geographical, cultural, or administrative criteria, help in organizing the vast expanse of the country into manageable areas. For example, India is commonly segmented into North, South, East, West, and Central regions, each showcasing distinct traditions, languages, and landscapes. Additionally, for administrative convenience and development purposes, the country is divided into zones like the Northern Railway Zone, Southern Railway Zone, etc., focusing on specific functionalities. This division not only simplifies governance but also promotes regional development and cultural preservation, ensuring that each part of India receives attention according to its specific needs and characteristics.

The current members of each Zonal Council are:

Cultural Zones

India's cultural landscape is divided into various zones, each reflecting the rich diversity of its people, traditions, and arts. These cultural zones, such as North, South, East, West, and Central India, are home to a wide array of languages, religions, festivals, and culinary styles that highlight the country's incredible diversity. From the classical dances and vibrant festivals of the South to the folk music and colorful attire of the North, each zone offers a unique glimpse into India's heritage. This division not only celebrates the differences among regions but also fosters unity, showcasing how diverse cultural practices coexist harmoniously within the country. Through these cultural zones, India tells the story of its past, present, and future, inviting everyone to explore and appreciate its rich cultural tapestry.

Zone NameCentre of ZoneCovers
South Culture ZoneSouth Zone Cultural Centre, Thanjavur, Tamil NaduAndaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Puducherry, Tamil Nadu, Telangana
South Central Culture ZoneSouthCentral Zone Cultural Centre, Nagpur, MaharashtraAndhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana
North Culture ZoneNorth Zone Cultural Centre, Patiala, PunjabChandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand
North Central Culture ZoneNorthCentral Zone Cultural Centre, Prayagraj, Uttar PradeshBihar, Delhi, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand
East Culture ZoneEast Zone Cultural Centre, Kolkata, West BengalAndaman and Nicobar Islands, Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Manipur, Odisha, Sikkim, Tripura, West Bengal
North East Culture ZoneNorth East Zone Cultural Centre, Dimapur, NagalandArunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura
West Culture ZoneWest Zone Cultural Centre, Udaipur, RajasthanDadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan

Autonomous Administrative Divisions

India has several autonomous administrative divisions, which are regions granted a certain degree of self-governance within the larger framework of the Indian Republic. These divisions, such as the Bodoland Territorial Region in Assam or the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration in West Bengal, are designed to acknowledge and respect the cultural and ethnic distinctiveness of these areas. They operate under a special administrative structure that allows them to manage many of their local affairs directly, including education, health, and rural development. This system aims to empower local communities, ensure their participation in the democratic process, and address their unique needs and aspirations. Through these autonomous divisions, India demonstrates its commitment to embracing diversity and fostering inclusive development across its vast and varied landscape.

S. N.State / UTAutonomous Council NameHeadquarterFormed in
1AssamBodoland Territorial CouncilKokrajhar2003
2North Cachar Hills (Dima Hasao) Autonomous CouncilHaflong1951
3Karbi Anglong Autonomous CouncilDiphu1952
4Tiwa Autonomous CouncilMorigaon1995
5Mising Autonomous CouncilDhemaji1995
6Rabha Hasong Autonomous CouncilDudhnoi1995
7Sonowal Kachari Autonomous CouncilDibrugarh2005
8Thengal Kachari Autonomous CouncilTitabar2005
9Deori Autonomous CouncilNarayanpur2005
10Moran Autonomous CouncilTinsukia2020
11Matak Autonomous CouncilChring Gaon2020
12Bodo Kachari Welfare Autonomous CouncilSimen Chapori2020
13Kamatapur Autonomous CouncilAbhayapuri2020
14LadakhLadakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, KargilKargil2003
15Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council, LehLeh1995
16ManipurChandel Autonomous District CouncilChandel1971
17Churachandpur Autonomous District CouncilChurachandpur1971
18Sadar HillsKangpokpi1971
19Manipur North Autonomous District CouncilSenapati1971
20Tamenglong Autonomous District CouncilTamenglong1971
21Ukhrul Autonomous District CouncilUkhrul1971
22MeghalayaGaro Hills Autonomous District CouncilTura1973
23Jaintia Hills Autonomous District CouncilJowai1973
24Khasi Hills Autonomous District CouncilShillong1973
25MizoramChakma Autonomous District CouncilKamalanagar1972
26Lai Autonomous District CouncilLawngtlai1972
27Mara Autonomous District CouncilSiaha1972
28TripuraTripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District CouncilKhumulwng1982
29West BengalGorkhaland Territorial AdministrationDarjeeling2012

List of Divisions in India

In India, several states are divided into divisions that hold an official status in the government's administrative structure. Each division is led by a senior IAS officer known as the Divisional Commissioner.

As of September 2022, such divisions are found in 18 out of the 28 states and 3 of the 8 union territories. There are, in total, 102 divisions across India as of September 2022.

Number of Divisions in each UT or State

State / UTNumber of DivisionsPopulationPopulation per Division
Andhra Pradesh-49,386,799-
Arunachal Pradesh21,383,727691,864
Himachal Pradesh36,864,6022,288,201
Madhya Pradesh1072,626,8097,262,681
Tamil Nadu-72,147,030-
Uttar Pradesh18199,812,34111,100,686
West Bengal591,276,11518,255,223
Andaman and Nicobar Islands-380,581-
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu-586,956-
Jammu and Kashmir212,258,4336,129,217

Regions within States

In India, some states include regions that are not recognized as official administrative units in the government. These regions are defined based on geography and sometimes align with historical countries, states, or provinces. A region can encompass one or more divisions, with the average being around three divisions per region. However, the borders of these regions don't always precisely match the boundaries of the divisions. Up to now, there hasn't been any initiative to grant these regions formal administrative status. If such a status were to be considered, it would likely require adjusting the regional boundaries to align exactly with the districts they contain.

Examples include the Regions of Assam and the Regions of Gujarat.


States, territories, and divisions in India are divided into smaller units called districts, and as of August 2022, there are 766 districts. Each district is managed by an IAS officer known as the District Magistrate.

Number of Districts in each UT and State

State / UTNumber of DistrictsPopulationPopulation per District
Andhra Pradesh2649,577,1031,906,812
Arunachal Pradesh261,383,72753,220
Himachal Pradesh136,864,602528,046
Madhya Pradesh5572,626,8091,274,155
Tamil Nadu3872,147,0301,898,606
Uttar Pradesh75199,812,3412,664,165
West Bengal2391,276,1153,042,537
Andaman and Nicobar Islands3380,581126,860
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu3586,956195,652
Jammu and Kashmir2012,258,093612,905


In India, different states use various names for their sub-districts. Here's a detailed overview as of 2018:

State / UTSubdistrict EntityNumber of Subdistricts
Andhra PradeshMandal664
Arunachal PradeshCircle149
Himachal PradeshTehsil109
Madhya PradeshTehsil412
Tamil NaduTaluk201
Uttar PradeshTehsil350
West BengalSubdivision69
Andaman and Nicobar IslandsTehsil7
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and DiuTaluka3
Jammu and KashmirTehsil55

Rural Level


The Community Development Block, also known as CD Block or simply block, typically serves as the next level of administrative division. This division is mainly for development purposes, while the tehsil is the next level after the district for revenue-related matters.

State CD Block No. of CD Blocks
Bihar CD Block 534
Haryana CD Block 140
Jharkhand CD Block 263
Kerala CD Block 152
Odisha CD Block 314
Tripura CD Block 58
Uttarakhand CD Block 95
Uttar Pradesh CD Block 822
West Bengal CD Block 342


Villages in India are more than just small settlements; they are the heart and soul of the country's rich cultural and historical heritage. Making up the majority of India's population, these villages paint a picture of traditional Indian life, untouched by the hustle and bustle of city life. Here, life moves at a leisurely pace, deeply rooted in agricultural practices that have been passed down through generations.

In Indian villages, community life is strong. Festivals, weddings, and other celebrations are communal affairs where the entire village comes together. These events are vibrant, filled with traditional music, dance, and attire, showcasing India's diverse cultural tapestry.

Agriculture is the mainstay of village life in India. Fields of wheat, rice, and other crops stretch as far as the eye can see, tended by farmers who rely on monsoon rains and traditional farming techniques. Despite the challenges posed by modernization and climate change, these villages continue to support India's agriculture and feed the nation.

However, Indian villages face their own set of challenges, including access to clean water, healthcare, and education. Efforts by the government and various non-governmental organizations aim to improve these conditions, ensuring that villagers have the same opportunities as their urban counterparts.

Villages in India are not just places of residence but are keepers of tradition, offering glimpses into a way of life that prioritizes community, simplicity, and harmony with nature. They remind us of the importance of preserving our cultural roots while embracing progress and development.

Metropolitan Area

Metropolitan areas in India are dynamic engines of growth and the epicenters of economic, cultural, and educational development. These areas, often referred to as metros, are large cities and their surrounding regions, where a significant portion of the population lives and works. They are characterized by a high density of people, a wide array of job opportunities, and a melting pot of cultures from across the country and the world.

In India, metropolitan areas like Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Kolkata, and Chennai are not just urban sprawls but are vital to the nation's progress. They are hubs for industries ranging from technology and finance to manufacturing and entertainment. This diversity in economic activities attracts people from all walks of life, seeking better job prospects and a higher standard of living.

Education and innovation thrive in these metropolitan regions, with numerous universities, research institutions, and startups calling them home. The vibrant cultural scene, from traditional festivals to contemporary arts, reflects the diversity of India's heritage and the modern influences shaping the country today.

Despite their prosperity, metropolitan areas in India also face challenges, including congestion, pollution, and disparities in wealth and access to services. Addressing these issues is crucial for sustainable urban development, ensuring that the growth of metros benefits all residents equitably.

Metropolitan areas in India symbolize the country's aspirations and potential, embodying both the ancient roots of Indian civilization and its ambitious modern trajectory. As India continues to evolve, these metro areas remain at the forefront, driving change and offering a glimpse into the future of this diverse and dynamic nation.

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