World Map

This world map showing all sovereign countries of the World, the 206 listed countries or states can be divided into 3 categories based on membership within the United Nations System: 193 member countries, 2 observer countries and 11 other countries. According to the sovereignty dispute, 190 countries have undisputed sovereignty and countries have disputed sovereignty (16 countries, of which there are 6 member countries, 1 observer country and 9 other countries).

World Map

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World Map with Countries

About World Map

Explore the above World Map with all the sovereign countries labeled on it. It can only be used for free for education purposes only.

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An Overview on World Map

A world map is a representation of Earth which shows the maximum or entire surface of the earth. World maps face the issue of projection due to their scale. World maps carried out in 2D (two dimension) by requirement disfigure the presentation of the 3D (three dimensional) image of earth’s surface. Although this is true for all maps, these disfigures become highly noticeable in a map of the world. Various approaches have been created and used to show world maps that deal with artistic and distinct technical goals.

Plotting a world map needs comprehensive knowledge of Earth, its continents, and its oceans. From early history to the Middle ages, charting a correct map of the world would have been impractical because fewer than half of the coastlines of earth and only a tiny portion of its global interiors were recognized to any civilization. Awareness of the surface of the earth increased speedily with exploration that started at the time of the European Renaissance and many of the coastlines of the world had been diagramed, slightly roughly, by the time of the mid 1700s and the global interiors by the 20th century.

World Maps commonly show either physical features or political features. Political world maps highlight territorial borders and human town-centre or settlement. Physical world maps show geographical aspects like soil type, mountains, land use, rivers, landforms, plateau, peaks, lakes, etc. Geological world maps display not only the Earth’s surface, but features of the underlying rock, subsurface structures, and fault lines. Choropleth world maps use colour complexion and depth to highlight differences among regions like economic and demographic figures.

World map shows the continents, countries, oceans, seas, rivers, mountains, and other geographical features. The most commonly used world map projection is the Mercator projection, which distorts the size of land masses at the poles, making them appear larger than they actually are. Other projections, such as the Robinson projection or the Winkel Tripel projection, attempt to minimize these distortions and provide a more accurate representation of the Earth's surface.

The world map is divided into five major oceans, which are the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Southern, and Arctic. The seven continents are Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America.

The world map is used for a variety of purposes, including education, navigation, tourism, and research. It can help people understand the world's physical and political geography, as well as the relationships between different countries and regions.

World Map Projections

All maps of the world are developed on one of various world map projections, or mechanisms of depicting an earth on a plane. All world map projections disfigure geographical or physical features, directions, and distances in some manner. The many world map projections that have been created and used add distinct ways of adjusting accuracy and the inescapable misrepresentation implicit in developing world maps.

Reasonably the most famous map projection is the Mercator, formerly crafted as a nautical chart.

Thematic World Maps

A thematic world map displays geographical statistics related to one or a many focused topics. These world maps can describe social, physical, political, economic, cultural, agricultural, sociological, or several other statistics of a region, city, region, state, nation, and continent.

Historical World Maps

Prehistoric world maps show illustrations of the earth from the Iron Age to the Discovery Age and the evolution of contemporary geography at the time of the initial modern era. Old world maps show data about regions that were recognized in the past, along with the cultural and philosophical basis of the world map, which were generally much distinct from present-day cartography. World maps are one medium by which scientists circulate their intelligence and spread them to coming generations.

Sovereign Countries in the World

Sovereign countries, also known as independent nations, are distinct political entities with their government, boundaries, and autonomy. Each country has its constitution, legal system, and administrative framework that guides its functioning. The world currently comprises nearly 200 sovereign states, each with its unique cultural heritage, economic landscape, and geopolitical relations. These countries range in size, population, and governance structures, from vast nations like Russia and Canada to smaller entities like Monaco and San Marino. Sovereign countries interact on global platforms such as the United Nations, where they collaborate on international policies, trade agreements, and peacekeeping missions. Understanding the dynamics and importance of sovereign nations is crucial for grasping how global interactions shape political and economic realities.

Sovereign countries are not only defined by their physical boundaries and political systems but also by the diverse communities that reside within them. These communities represent a country's social fabric and contribute to its cultural identity. With distinct languages, religions, traditions, and customs, these communities bring diversity and richness to the world's nations.

Moreover, sovereign countries play a vital role in the global economy as they facilitate trade and commerce through various agreements and partnerships. They also have control over their resources and industries, which can greatly impact the global market. Changes in economic policies or developments within a sovereign nation can have ripple effects on other countries around the world.

In addition to economic considerations, sovereign countries also hold significant political power. They have autonomy over their decision-making processes and can form alliances with other nations to advance their interests. The political landscape of these countries can greatly impact international relations, leading to collaborations or conflicts between nations.

Furthermore, sovereign countries are responsible for their own citizens and are tasked with ensuring the safety, rights, and well-being of their people. This responsibility includes providing basic necessities such as healthcare, education, and security, as well as protecting human rights and promoting social justice.

As the world continues to become more interconnected through technology and globalization, understanding the role of sovereign countries becomes increasingly important. These distinct political entities shape our global landscape in various ways and play a crucial role in shaping our collective future. By recognizing the diversity and significance of sovereign nations, we can foster greater understanding and cooperation on a global scale. So, it is important to continue learning about and studying sovereign countries, their histories, cultures, and political landscapes to gain a deeper understanding of our global community. By doing so, we can work towards building a more peaceful and prosperous world for all.

List of Sovereign Countries in the World

S.N.Recognised Countries in the WorldCapitalPopulationCurrencyDialing CodeArea (km2)Area (sq mi)
4AndorraAndorra la Vella85,458Euro+376468181
6Antigua and BarbudaSt. John's89,000East Caribbean dollar+1 268440170
7ArgentinaBuenos Aires43,131,966Peso+542,780,4001,073,518
9AustraliaCanberra23,923,600Australian Dollar+617,741,2202,988,902
12BahamasNassau379,000Bahamian dollar+1 24213,8785,358
13BahrainManama1,781,000Bahraini dinar+973765295.37
15BarbadosBridgetown283,000Barbadian dollar+1 246439166
16BelarusMinsk9,608,058Belarusian ruble+375207,60080,155
18BelizeBelmopan369,000Belize dollar+50122,9668,867
19BeninPorto-Novo8,439,000CFA franc+229112,62243,484
20BhutanThimphu760,000Bhutanese ngultrum+97538,39414,824
22Bosnia and HerzegovinaSarajevo3,871,643Convertible mark+38751,19719,767
25BruneiBandar Seri Begawan421,000Brunei dollar+6735,7652,226
27Burkina FasoOuagadougou13,228,000CFA franc+226274,000105,792
28BurundiBujumbura7,548,000Burundian franc+25727,83010,745
29CambodiaPhnom Penh15,040,000Riel+855181,03569,898
30CameroonYaoundé17,795,000CFA franc+237475,442183,569
31CanadaOttawa35,819,000Canadian dollar+19,984,6703,854,085
32Cape VerdePraia420,979Cape Verdean escudo+2384,0331,557
33Central African RepublicBangui4,216,666CFA franc+236622,984240,535
34ChadN'Djamena10,146,000CFA franc+2351,284,000495,755
36China (PRC)Beijing1,370,793,000Renminbi (yuan)+869,596,9613,705,407
37ColombiaBogotá / Santa Fe de Bogotá48,347,000Peso+571,138,910439,736
38ComorosMoroni798,000Comorian franc+2692,235863
39Costa RicaSan José35,819,000Costa Rican colón+50651,10019,653
41CubaHavana11,252,000Cuban peso, Cuban convertible peso+53109,88442,426
43Czech RepublicPrague10,538,275Czech koruna+42078,86730,451
44Democratic Republic of the CongoKinshasa75,507,308Congolese franc+2432,344,858905,355
45DenmarkCopenhagen5,569,077Danish krone+4543,09416,639
46DjiboutiDjibouti City906,000Djiboutian franc+25323,2008,958
47DominicaRoseau71,000East Caribbean dollar+1 767750290
48Dominican RepublicSanto Domingo9,980,000Dominican Peso+1 809, +1 829, +1 84948,44218,704
49EcuadorQuito16,346,700United States dollar593283,561109,484
50EgyptCairo84,550,000Egyptian pound+201,001,449386,662
51El SalvadorSan Salvador6,460,000United States dollar+50321,0418,124
52Equatoria`l GuineaMalabo504,000CFA Franc+24028,05110,831
55EthiopiaAddis Ababa85,237,338Birr+2511,104,300426,373
56Federated States of MicronesiaPalikir135,869United States Dollar+691702271
57FijiSuva890,057Fijian Dollar+67918,2747,056
59FranceParis66,259,012Euro, CFP franc+33643,427248,429
60GabonLibreville1,384,000CFA franc+241267,668103,347
61GambiaBanjul1,517,000Gambian dalasi+22010,3804,008
62GeorgiaTbilisi / T'bilisi4,935,880Lari+99569,70026,911
64GhanaAccra23,000,000Ghana cedi+233238,53492,098
66GrenadaSt. George's104,000East Caribbean dollar+1 473348.5132.8
67GuatemalaGuatemala City16,176,000Guatemalan quetzal+502108,88942,042
68GuineaConakry10,057,975CFA Franc+240245,85794,926
69Guinea-BissauBissau1,586,000CFA franc+24536,12513,948
70GuyanaGeorgetown747,884Guyanese dollar+592214,96983,000
71HaitiPort-au-Prince10,994,000Haitian gourde+50927,75010,714
72HondurasTegucigalpa8,950,000Honduran lempira+504112,49243,278
74IcelandReykjavík317,351Icelandic króna+354103,00039,769
75IndiaNew Delhi1,299,499,000Indian rupee+913,287,5901,269,346
78IraqBaghdad36,575,000Iraqi dinar+964437,072169,234
80IsraelJerusalem (proclaimed)8,372,000New Shekel+97222,0728,522
82Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire)Yamoussoukro17,654,843CFA franc+225322,460124,503
83JamaicaKingston2,729,000Jamaican dollar+1 87610,9914,244
85JordanAmman6,837,000Jordanian dinar+96289,34235,637
86KazakhstanAstana17,948,816Tenge+7-6xx, +7-7xx2,724,9001,052,090
87KenyaNairobi34,707,817Kenyan shilling+254580,367224,081
88KiribatiTarawa101,998Australian Dollar, Kiribati Dollar+686811313
89KuwaitKuwait City4,161,000Kuwaiti dinar+96517,8206,880
93LebanonBeirut4,288,000Lebanese pound+96110,4524,036
94LesothoMaseru2,067,000Lesotho loti+26630,35511,720
95LiberiaMonrovia4,128,572Liberian dollar+231111,36943,000
97LiechtensteinVaduz37,313Swiss franc+42316062
99LuxembourgLuxembourg City520,672Euro+3522,586998
100MacedoniaSkopje2,091,719Macedonian denar+38925,7139,928
101MadagascarAntananarivo18,606,000Malagasy ariary+261587,041226,658
103MalaysiaKuala Lumpur31,032,000Ringgit+60329,847127,355
104MaldivesMalé345,000Maldivian rufiyaa+960298115
105MaliBamako13,518,000CFA franc+2231,240,192478,841
107Marshall IslandsMajuro73,630United States Dollar+69218170
109MauritiusPort Louis1,219,220Mauritian rupee+2302,040788
110MexicoMexico City121,006,000Mexican Peso+521,972,550761,606
111MoldovaChișinău3,583,288Moldovan leu+37333,85113,070
115MoroccoRabat35,757,175Moroccan dirham+212446,550172,414
116MozambiqueMaputo20,366,795Mozambican metical+258801,590309,496
117Myanmar (Burma)Naypyidaw52,280,000Kyat+95676,578261,227
118NamibiaWindhoek2,031,000Namibian dollar+264825,418318,696
119NauruNo official Capital12,329Australian dollar+674218
120NepalKathmandu28,038,000Nepalese rupee+977147,18156,827
121NetherlandsAmsterdam(capital)16,877,351Euro, US dollar, NA guilder, Aruban florin+3141,54316,040
122New ZealandWellington4,570,038New Zealand Dollar+64267,710103,363
123NicaraguaManagua6,514,000Nicaraguan córdoba+505130,37550,193
124NigerNiamey13,957,000CFA franc+2271,267,000489,191
126North KoreaP'yŏngyang25,863,000North Korean won+850120,54046,528
127NorwayOslo5,147,792Norwegian krone+47323,802125,021
129PakistanIslamabad191,785,000Pakistani Rupee+92803,940310,403
130PalauNgerulmud21,032United States Dollar+680459177
131PalestineJerusalem (proclaimed), Ramallah4,225,710Israeli Shekel+9706,2202,402
132PanamaPanama City3,764,000Panamanian balboa, United States dollar+50774,177.3028,640
133Papua New GuineaPort Moresby6,310,129Papua New Guinean kina+675462,840178,704
135PeruLima31,151,643Nuevo sol+511,285,216496,225
136PhilippinesManila102,965,000Philippine Peso+63300,000115,831
137PolandWarsaw38,346,279Polish złoty+48312,685120,728
140Republic of the CongoBrazzaville4,012,809CFA franc+242342,000132,047
141RomaniaBucharest21,729,871Romanian leu+40238,39192,043
142RussiaMoscow146,267,288Russian ruble+717,098,2426,601,668
143RwandaKigali7,600,000Rwandan franc+25026,79810,347
144Saint Kitts and NevisBasseterre46,000East Caribbean dollar+1 869261104
145Saint LuciaCastries172,000East Caribbean dollar+1 758617238.23
146Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesKingstown110,000East Caribbean dollar+1 784389150
147SamoaApia194,320Samoan tālā+6852,8311,093
148San MarinoSan Marino32,742Euro+3786124
149São Tomé and PríncipeSão Tomé183,176Dobra+239964372
150Saudi ArabiaRiyadh31,521,000Saudi riyal+9662,149,690830,000
151SenegalDakar11,658,000CFA franc+221196,72375,955
152SerbiaBelgrade7,209,764Serbian dinar+38188,36134,116
153SeychellesVictoria80,654Seychellois rupee+248451174
154Sierra LeoneFreetown6,144,562Leone+23271,74027,699
155SingaporeSingapore City5,541,000Singapore dollar+65719.1278
158Solomon IslandsHoniara584,578Solomon Islands dollar+67728,89611,157
159SomaliaMogadishu9,832,017Somali shilling+252637,657246,201
160South AfricaBloemfontein(judicial) Cape Town(legislative) and Pretoria(executive)52,981,991South African rand+271,221,037471,445
161South KoreaSeoul50,617,000South Korean won+82100,21038,691
162South SudanJuba8,260,490South Sudanese pound+211644,329248,777
164Sri LankaSri Jayawardenapura Kotte20,869,000Sri Lankan rupee+9465,61025,332
165SudanKhartoum36,787,012Sudanese pound+2491,861,484718,723
166SurinameParamaribo541,638Surinamese dollar+597163,82063,251
167SwazilandLobamba (royal and legislative) Mbabane(administrative)1,032,000Lilangeni+26817,3646,704
168SwedenStockholm9,723,809Swedish krona+46450,295173,860
169SwitzerlandBern / Berne8,061,516Swiss franc+4141,27715,937
170SyriaDamascus23,270,000Syrian pound+963185,18071,479
172TanzaniaDodoma44,929,002Tanzanian shilling+255945,203364,945
174Timor-Leste (East Timor)Dili1,245,000US Dollar+67015,4105,743
175TogoLomé7,154,237CFA franc+22856,78521,925
176TongaNukuʻalofa106,146Tongan paʻanga+676747288
177Trinidad and TobagoPort of Spain1,357,000Trinidad and Tobago dollar+1 8685,1311,981
178TunisiaTunis10,102,000Tunisian dinar+216163,61063,170
179TurkeyAnkara78,214,000Turkish lira+90783,562302,535
180TurkmenistanAshgabat4,902,000Turkmen new manat+993491,210188,456
181TuvaluFunafuti11,146Australian dollar, Tuvaluan dollar+6882610
182UgandaKampala27,616,000Ugandan shilling+256236,04091,136
183UkraineKiev44,291,413Ukrainian hryvnia+380603,550233,032
184United Arab EmiratesAbu Dhabi8,933,000UAE dirham+97183,60032,278
185United KingdomLondon63,742,977Pound sterling+44243,61094,058
186United StatesWashington, D.C.321,234,000United States dollar+19,857,3063,805,927
187UruguayMontevideo3,404,189Uruguayan peso+598176,21568,037
188UzbekistanTashkent31,283,000Uzbekistan som (O'zbekiston so'mi)+998448,978172,742
189VanuatuPort Vila256,155Vanuatu vatu+67812,1894,706
190Vatican CityVatican City842Euro+3790.440.17
191VenezuelaCaracas30,620,404Bolívar fuerte+58912,050352,144
193YemenSana'a26,745,000Yemeni rial+967528,076203,796
194ZambiaLusaka14,668,000Zambian kwacha+260752,614290,586
195ZimbabweHarare13,010,000US dollar+263390,757150,872

Countries with Limited Recognition

Countries with limited recognition exist in a complex and often contentious space in international politics. These regions declare independence, yet fail to gain widespread acknowledgement as sovereign states by the global community or by major international organizations like the United Nations. Examples include Taiwan, which is recognized by a few countries but not by the U.N., and Northern Cyprus, which has declared independence but is recognized only by Turkey. Others, like the Republic of Kosovo, have seen partial recognition; Kosovo is acknowledged by many countries, yet not by some, including Serbia, from which it declared independence. This selective recognition affects everything from diplomatic relations to trade and travel, creating unique challenges for these regions and their inhabitants.

Limited recognition can have far-reaching consequences for a country's economy, security, and overall development. Without widespread acknowledgement as a sovereign state, these regions may face difficulties in obtaining international aid and participating in global trade. This can lead to economic struggles and limited access to resources, hindering their ability to grow and develop.

Additionally, the lack of recognition may also leave these countries vulnerable to political instability and external threats. Since they are not fully recognized by the global community, they may not receive the same level of protection or support in times of conflict or crisis. This could potentially put their citizens at risk and create challenges for maintaining peace and stability within these regions.

Moreover, limited recognition also has implications for the identity and rights of the people living within these regions. Without full recognition as a sovereign state, their national identity and rights may be questioned or denied by other countries. This can lead to challenges in areas such as citizenship, travel, and education.

Despite these challenges, many of these regions continue to push for international recognition and work towards establishing themselves as fully recognized states. They often face uphill battles against geopolitical factors and historical conflicts that make it difficult to gain widespread support.

In the end, limited recognition serves as a reminder of the complexities of the international political landscape and the ongoing struggles faced by these regions in their pursuit of sovereignty. It also highlights the importance of diplomatic efforts and global cooperation in addressing these issues and finding resolutions that benefit all parties involved. So, it is important for the global community to continue engaging with and supporting these regions in their journey towards full recognition and integration into the international community. The pursuit of sovereignty is a fundamental right for all peoples, and it is crucial for the global community to uphold this principle and support those striving to achieve it. By recognizing the challenges faced by these regions and taking action to address them, we can work towards a more inclusive and equitable world where all countries are given equal opportunities to thrive. There may never be a clear end point in this ongoing struggle, but through continued dialogue, cooperation, and understanding, we can make progress towards a more peaceful and united global community. So let us continue to learn about and support these regions with limited recognition, as they strive towards achieving their rightful place in the world of international politics.

List of Countries with Limited Recognition

S.N.Non-United Nations Member Sovereign CountriesStatusCapitalCurrencyDialing CodePopulationArea (km2)Area (sq mi))
1AbkhaziaClaimed as an autonomous republic of Georgia. Recognized or acclaimed by 4 UN countries.Sukhumi / SukhumAbkhazian apsar, Russian ruble+7 840, +7 940, +995 44250,0008,6603,344
2Cook IslandsSelf-governing in free association with New ZealandAvaruaNew Zealand dollar, Cook Islands dollar+68220,81123691
3KosovoRecognized or acclaimed by 108 UN member countries.PristinaEuro+3811,836,52910,8874,203
4Nagorno-KarabakhClaimed as part ofAzerbaijan. De facto independent state, Recognized or acclaimed by 3 non-UN states.StepanakertArmenian dram, Nagorno-Karabakh dram+374 47 / 97141,4007,0002,703
5NiueSelf-governing in free association with New ZealandAlofiNew Zealand dollar+6832,134260100
6Northern CyprusRecognized by Turkey. Claimed as part of the Cyprus.NicosiaTurkish lira+90 392294,9063,3551,295
7Sahrawi Arab Democratic RepublicClaimed as the southernmost provinces of Morocco. Recognized by the African Union and 84 UN members as the representative government of Western Sahara.El Aaiún(proclaimed)Algerian dinar, Sahrawi peseta+212266,000267,405103,246
8SomalilandState within the Federal regions of Somalia.Recognized by no UN member.HargeisaSomaliland shilling+2524,000,000137,60053,128
9South OssetiaClaimed as part of Georgia. Recognized or acclaimed by 4 UN countries.TskhinvaliRussian ruble+995 3470,0003,9001,506
10TaiwanClaimed as a province of ChinaTaipeiNew Taiwan dollar+88623,071,77935,98013,892
11TransnistriaClaimed as a administrative division of Moldova. De facto independent state, Recognized or acclaimed by three non-UN countries.TiraspolTransnistrian ruble+373530,0003,5001,351

Non-Sovereign Territories

Non-sovereign territories represent regions that possess distinct administrative arrangements and local governance but lack full political independence or sovereignty as separate nations. These territories often result from historical colonisation, geopolitical arrangements, or unique cultural and ethnic compositions. Examples include Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States, and Gibraltar, a British Overseas Territory. Non-sovereign territories typically enjoy a degree of self-governance, allowing them to manage local affairs while remaining under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of another nation. This status can influence their political representation, economic policies, and international relations. Understanding the intricacies of non-sovereign territories provides insight into the complexities of global governance and international law.

Non-sovereign territories are often subject to ongoing debates and discussions about their political status and future. In some cases, there may be movements advocating for greater autonomy or even full independence from the governing nation. These movements can spark tensions and conflicts within the territory as well as with the governing nation.

One example is the ongoing debate surrounding Puerto Rico's political status. As an unincorporated territory of the United States, Puerto Rico has a unique relationship with its governing nation. Over the years, there have been several referendums on whether to maintain this relationship or pursue statehood or independence. This has led to divisions within Puerto Rican society and challenges in determining its ultimate political destiny.

Similarly, Gibraltar has long been a source of contention between Spain and the United Kingdom. Spain claims sovereignty over Gibraltar, while the territory's residents have consistently voted to remain under British rule. This tension has had implications for both countries' international relations and has been a topic of negotiation in various political discussions.

Beyond the political implications, non-sovereign territories can also have significant economic impacts. They may receive financial aid or investment from their governing nation, but they may also face challenges in accessing certain resources or markets independently. Additionally, their status as a dependent territory can affect their ability to participate fully in international trade agreements and organizations.

Non-sovereign territories represent complex entities that exist within broader systems of global governance. Their unique political, cultural, and economic dynamics make them important areas of study for understanding the complexities of international relations and global politics. As discussions and debates continue about their status and future, it is essential to consider the diverse perspectives and implications for all involved parties. So, it is crucial for policymakers and global leaders to approach these territories with sensitivity and understanding in order to promote effective governance and equitable relationships between nations. By doing so, we can strive towards a more harmonious world where all territories are able to thrive in their own unique way within the larger global community. Therefore, ongoing research and discourse on non-sovereign territories are necessary for creating a more comprehensive understanding of global governance and promoting peaceful coexistence among nations. With continued efforts towards mutual respect and collaboration, we can work towards building a more inclusive and cooperative world. This highlights the importance of considering non-sovereign territories as integral parts of global politics and continuously striving towards effective governance and peaceful resolution of conflicts. So, it is important to continue studying and understanding the complexities and dynamics of these territories in order to contribute towards a more equitable and harmonious global community.

List of Non-Sovereign Dependent Territories in the World

S.N.Dependent TerritoriesStatusCapitalCurrencyDialing CodePopulationArea (km2)Area (sq mi))
1Akrotiri and DhekeliaBritish overseas territoryEpiskopi CantonmentEuro+3577,700 Cypriots, 8,000 British military personnel and their families25498
2American SamoaInsular area of the United StatesPago PagoUnited States dollar+1 68457,34519976.8
3AnguillaBritish Overseas TerritoryThe ValleyEast Caribbean dollar+1 26413,0379135
4Ashmore and Cartier IslandsTerritory of AustraliaUninhabitedLocal currency (ABC) Uninhabited52
5Bajo Nuevo BankUnincorporated Unorganized Territory of the United States of America, uninhabited, disputed by 3 other nations.N/AN/AN/A014556
6Baker IslandUnited States Minor Outlying IslandUninhabitedUnited States dollar Uninhabited2.10.81
7BermudaBritish Overseas TerritoryHamiltonBermudian dollar+1 44164,23753.220.6
8British Indian Ocean TerritoryBritish overseas territory United States Dollar, Pound sterling+2463,00054,40021,004
9British Virgin IslandsBritish Overseas TerritoryRoad TownUnited States dollar+1 28428,05415359
10Cayman IslandsBritish Overseas TerritoryGeorge TownCayman Islands dollar+1 34558,238264102
11Christmas IslandTerritory of AustraliaFlying Fish CoveAustralian dollar+61 8 91642,07213552
12Clipperton IslandFrench state private propertyUninhabitedEuro Uninhabited62.3
13Cocos (Keeling) IslandsTerritory of AustraliaWest Island / BantamAustralian dollar+61596145
14Coral Sea IslandsTerritory of AustraliaUninhabited  431
15Easter IslandSpecial territory of ChileHanga RoaChilean Peso+565,761163.663.2
16Falkland IslandsBritish overseas territoryStanleyFalkland Islands pound+5003,14012,1734,700
17Faroe Islands / Faeroe IslandsConstituent country of DenmarkTórshavnFaroese króna, Danish krone+29849,9471,393538
18French PolynesiaOverseas country of FrancePapeeteCFP Franc+689294,9354,1671,609
19French Southern and Antarctic LandsFrench overseas territorySaint-PierreEuro+33, +262140 estimate38.615
20GibraltarBritish overseas territoryGibraltarGibraltar pound+35029,1856.52.5
21GuamInsular area of the United StatesHagåtña / AgañaUnited States Dollar+1-671161,785541.3209
22GuernseyCrown Dependency of the Crown in Right of the UK.Saint Peter PortPound sterling+4465,8497830
23HawaiiState of the United StatesHonoluluUnited States dollar+1 808, +1 650, +1 2091,419,56128,31110,931
24Hong KongSpecial Administrative Region of ChinaHong KongHong Kong dollar+8527,298,6001,104426
25Howland IslandUnited States Minor Outlying IslandUninhabitedUnited States dollar Uninhabited1.621.05
26Isle of ManCrown Dependency of The Crown in Right of the UK.DouglasPound sterling+4486,866572221
27Jarvis IslandUnited States Minor Outlying IslandUninhabitedUnited States dollar Uninhabited4.51.75
28JerseyCrown Dependency of The Crown in Right of the UK.Saint HelierPound sterling+4496,51311846
29Johnston AtollUnited States Minor Outlying IslandUninhabitedUnited States dollar Uninhabited2.671.03
30Juan Fernández IslandsSpecial territory of ChileSan Juan BautistaChilean Peso+5690099.638.5
31Kingman ReefUnited States Minor Outlying IslandUninhabitedUnited States dollar Uninhabited7629
32Macau / MacaoSpecial Administrative Region of ChinaMacau / MacaoMacanese pataca+853642,90028.210.9
33Midway IslandsUnited States Minor Outlying IslandUninhabitedUnited States dollar+1 808606.22.4
34MontserratBritish Overseas TerritoryPlymouthEast Caribbean dollar+1 6644,92210239
35Navassa IslandUnincorporated Unorganized Territory of the United States, uninhabited, disputed by HaitiN/AUnited States dollarN/AUninhabited5.42
36New CaledoniaSui generiscollectivity of FranceNouméaCFP Franc+687268,76718,5767,172
37Norfolk IslandSelf-governing integralTerritory of AustraliaKingstonAustralian Dollar+672 32,21034.613.3
38Northern Mariana IslandsInsular area of the United StatesSaipanUnited States Dollar+1 67053,855475.3183.5
39Ogasawara VillagePart of Ogasawara Village inTokyo, JapanŌmura (大村)Yen+81 32,871104.4140.31
40Palmyra AtollUnited States Minor Outlying IslandUninhabitedUnited States dollar+14 - 20124.6
41PapuaProvince of IndonesiaJayapuraIndonesian Rupiah+62 93,486,432319,036.05123,180.51
42Pitcairn IslandsBritish overseas territoryAdamstownNew Zealand dollar+64564718.1
43Puerto RicoUnincorporated territory(U.S. Commonwealth)San JuanUnited States dollar+1 787 / 9393,548,3979,1043,515
44Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaBritish overseas territoryJamestownSaint Helena pound, Pound sterling+2905,661420162
45Serranilla BankUnincorporated Unorganized Territory of the United States, uninhabited, disputed by Honduras, Nicaragua and United States.N/AN/AN/AN/A1,200463.32
46South Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsBritish overseas territoryKing Edward PointPound sterling+500no indigenous inhabitants3,9031,507
47TokelauDependent territory of New ZealandEach Atoll has its own administrative centreNew Zealand dollar+6901,431103.86
48Turks and Caicos IslandsBritish Overseas TerritoryCockburn TownUnited States dollar+1 64931,618616.3238
49United States Virgin IslandsUnincorporated organized Territory of the United StatesCharlotte AmalieUnited States dollar+1 340106,405346.36133.73
50Wake IslandUnited States Minor Outlying IslandUninhabitedUnited States dollar+1 8081507.12.73
51Wallis and FutunaOverseas collectivity of FranceMata-UtuCFP Franc+68115,585142.4255
52West PapuaProvince of IndonesiaManokwariPapuan, Dutch Guilder, Indonesian Rupiah+62 9877,437140,375.6254,199.33

List of Other Areas in the World

S.N.Other AreasStatusCapitalCurrencyDialing CodePopulationArea (km2)Area (sq mi))
1ÅlandSelf-governing or autonomous area of Finland, significant autonomy as the result of crisis in Åland.MariehamnEuro+35827,5006,7872,620
2ArubaConstituent Country of the Kingdom of the NetherlandsOranjestadAruban florin+297110,000178.9169.08
3BonaireSpecial municipality of the NetherlandsKralendijkUnited States dollar+599 7 294114
4Canary IslandsSpanish autonomous communitySanta Cruz and Las PalmasEuro+342,205,2477,4472,875
5CeutaSpanish autonomous cityCeutaEuro+34 95276,8612811
6CuraçaoConstituent Country of the Kingdom of the NetherlandsWillemstadNetherlands Antillean guilder+599 9157,000444171.4
7French GuianaFrench overseas regionCayenneEuro+594250,10983,53432,253
8GreenlandConstituent Country of the Kingdom of DenmarkNuukDanish krone+29956,0002,166,086836,109
9GuadeloupeDepartment and region of FranceBasse-TerreEuro+590405,0001,628629
10MadeiraPortuguese autonomous regionFunchalEuro(+351) 291 XXX XXX267,785828320
11MartiniqueDepartment and region of FranceFort-de-FranceEuro+596383,0001,128436
12MayotteFrench overseas departmentMamoudzouEuro+262186,452374144
13MelillaSpanish autonomous cityMelillaEuro+34 95272,000208
14Northern IrelandPart of the UK, devolved government decided by the Good Friday Agreement.BelfastPound Sterling+441,810,86314,1305,456
15Pelagie IslandsItalian territoryLampedusa e LinosaEuro+396,30421.48
16Plazas de soberaníaSpanish overseas territoryN/AEuro+3474  
17RéunionFrench overseas regionSaint-DenisEuro+262793,0002,512970
18SabaSpecial municipality of the NetherlandsThe BottomUnited States dollar+599 4 135
19Saint BarthélemyFrench Overseas CollectivityGustaviaEuro+59010,000259.5
20Saint MartinFrench Overseas CollectivityMarigotEuro+59036,0008734
21Saint Pierre and MiquelonFrench Overseas CollectivitySaint-PierreEuro+5086,00024293
22San Andrés and ProvidenciaDepartment of ColombiaSan AndrésColombian peso+57 52.520.3
23Sint EustatiusSpecial municipality of the NetherlandsOranjestadUnited States dollar+599 3 218
24Sint MaartenConstituent Country of the Kingdom of the NetherlandsPhilipsburgNetherlands Antillean guilder+1 72139,0003413.1
25SvalbardSpecial territory of Norway, decided by the Svalbard Treaty.LongyearbyenNorwegian krone+472,01962,04523,956

Territorial Claims in Antarctica

Territorial claims in Antarctica are a complex and unique aspect of international relations. The Antarctic Treaty, signed in 1959 by twelve countries, including the United States and the Soviet Union, established Antarctica as a scientific preserve and banned military activity on the continent. This treaty currently has 54 parties and plays a crucial role in governing the use of Antarctica for peaceful purposes and scientific research. It effectively freezes territorial claims, meaning that while multiple countries have laid claim to various parts of Antarctica, these claims are not recognized universally and are subjected to the stipulations of the treaty.

Notably, seven countries—Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, and the United Kingdom—have made specific territorial claims in Antarctica. These claims are managed as sectors radiating from the South Pole. Some claimed areas overlap, leading to diplomatic complexities. For instance, the Argentine, British, and Chilean claims all converge on the Antarctic Peninsula. Despite these overlapping claims, the Antarctic Treaty System has successfully maintained peace and facilitated international cooperation in scientific efforts, showcasing a unique model of shared governance in an otherwise inhospitable environment.

In addition to territorial claims, there are also disputes over resource exploitation in Antarctica. The continent is rich in natural resources such as oil, gas, and minerals, but these resources are currently protected by the Antarctic Treaty. However, with the effects of climate change leading to melting ice and easier access to these resources, there have been discussions on potentially lifting the ban on resource extraction.

This has led to concerns about how this could impact the delicate ecosystem of Antarctica and whether it would violate the principles of preservation set forth in the Antarctic Treaty. There have been calls for stricter regulations and international cooperation in managing potential resource extraction activities in Antarctica.

Furthermore, the issue of tourism in Antarctica has also raised questions about its impact on the environment and indigenous species. While the Antarctic Treaty does not explicitly address tourism, the International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators (IAATO) works with member countries to establish guidelines and regulations for responsible and sustainable tourism in the region.

In recent years, there has been an increase in both scientific research and tourism activities in Antarctica. This has brought about new challenges in managing and regulating these activities while also protecting the delicate ecosystem of Antarctica. The future of territorial claims and resource exploitation in Antarctica remains uncertain, but it is clear that international cooperation and responsible decision-making will be crucial in ensuring the preservation of this unique continent for future generations. Overall, territorial claims, resource exploitation, and tourism are all interconnected aspects that require careful consideration and collaboration among nations in order to maintain peace, protect the environment, and promote responsible use of Antarctica. The Antarctic Treaty continues to serve as a key framework for managing these complex issues and promoting cooperation among nations in the region.

It is important to continue monitoring and addressing these issues in order to ensure that Antarctica remains a symbol of international peace, scientific discovery, and environmental preservation. As discussions surrounding climate change and resource exploitation intensify, it is crucial to uphold the principles of the Antarctic Treaty and work towards sustainable solutions that will benefit not only the current generation but also future generations who will inherit this unique continent. So let us all come together to protect Antarctica's delicate ecosystem and preserve its significance for years to come. Let us remember that while territorial claims may divide us, our joint responsibility towards this precious land unites us. Let us strive for a peaceful and collaborative future for Antarctica, ensuring that it remains a symbol of international cooperation and harmony.

Official Claims of Territories in Antarctica

S.N.Territory in AntarcticaStatusClaimantDateCapitalCurrencyDialing CodePopulationClaim limitsArea (km2)Area (sq mi))
1Adélie LandDistrict of the French Southern and Antarctic LandsFrance1924Dumont d'Urville StationaEuro+262 262 00 233 (winter), 80 (summer)142°2'E to 136°11'E432,000166,796
2Argentine AntarcticaDepartment of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands ProvinceArgentina1942Handled by the province of Tierra del Fuego, whose capital is Ushuaia. 0054 + 02901 Esperanza and Marambio Stations: 0054 + 02964469 (2010 Census)25°W to 74°W1,461,597564,326
3Australian Antarctic TerritoryExternal dependent territory of AustraliaAustralia1933Davis StationAustralian Dollar+672 1xless than 1,000160°E to 142°2'E, 136°11'E to 44°38'E5,896,5002,276,651
4British Antarctic TerritoryOverseas territory of the United KingdomUnited Kingdom1908Halley BasePound sterling 250 (summer)20°W to 80°W1,709,400660,000
5Chilean Antarctic TerritoryCommune of Antártica ChilenaChile1940Villa Las EstrellasChilean Peso56 + 61115 (2012 Census)53°W to 90°W1,250,257482,727
6Peter I IslandDependency of NorwayNorway1929 Norwegian krone uninhabited68°50'S 90°35'W15459
7Queen Maud LandDependency of NorwayNorway1939OsloNorwegian krone maximum average of 40, Six are occupied year-round44°38'E to 20°W2,700,0001,042,476
8Ross DependencyDependency of New ZealandNew Zealand1923Scott BaseNew Zealand Dollar+64 240910-80 (Scott Base) 200-1,000 (McMurdo Station) 85-200 (South Pole Station) 0-90 (Zucchelli Station)150°W to 160°E450,000174,000

Overlapping Claims in Antarctica

S.N.ClaimantsClaim Limits
1Argentina, United Kingdom25°W to 53°W
2Argentina, Chile, United Kingdom53°W to 74°W
3Chile, United Kingdom74°W to 80°W

Unclaimed Territory in Antarctica

S.N.RegionUnclaimed limitsCurrencyPopulationArea (km2)Area (sq mi))
1Marie Byrd Land90°W to 150°WPenguino20 to 30 People1,610,000620,000

World History

World history is a vast and intricate tapestry of events that have shaped civilizations and societies across centuries. One of the earliest known civilizations, Mesopotamia, emerged around 3500 BCE in the fertile crescent between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Here, the Sumerians developed one of the first writing systems, cuneiform, which significantly influenced record-keeping and administration.

Around the same time, Ancient Egypt flourished along the Nile River. The Egyptians are renowned for their architectural feats, including the construction of the pyramids of Giza. They also made significant advances in mathematics, medicine, and governance, leaving a lasting legacy on subsequent cultures.

Moving forward to the classical era, ancient Greece and Rome laid the foundations of Western civilization. Greece, with its city-states like Athens and Sparta, contributed to philosophy, democracy, and the arts. Figures such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle have had a lasting impact on Western thought. The Roman Empire expanded these ideas, integrating them into their legal and political systems. The spread of Roman law, infrastructure, and culture had profound effects on Europe and beyond, influencing countless generations.

The Middle Ages saw the rise and fall of empires, crusades, and significant developments in agriculture and technology. During this period, the Byzantine Empire served as a bastion of art, culture, and Christianity after the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 CE. Meanwhile, the Islamic Golden Age between the 8th and 14th centuries delivered impressive advancements in science, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine, spearheaded by scholars from the Abbasid Caliphate in places like Baghdad.

The Renaissance, beginning in the 14th century in Italy, marked a profound resurgence in art, science, and exploration. Figures such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo pushed artistic boundaries, while explorers like Christopher Columbus and Vasco da Gama expanded geographical knowledge, leading to the Age of Exploration. This era fostered the exchange of ideas and goods, setting the stage for the modern globalized world.

The Industrial Revolution in the 18th and 19th centuries was another transformative period, marked by advancements in technology, industry, and transportation. Originating in Britain, these changes rapidly spread, revolutionizing daily life, economic practices, and social structures. Key innovations included the steam engine, textile machinery, and the development of railways. This period also witnessed significant social changes, including urbanization and shifts in labor dynamics.

In the 20th century, two World Wars reshaped global political boundaries and ideologies. World War I triggered significant geopolitical changes, while World War II saw the emergence of the United States and the Soviet Union as superpowers. The subsequent Cold War period defined much of global politics, characterized by ideological conflict between capitalism and communism, leading to the Space Race and numerous proxy wars.

World Geography

World Geography is a vast and intricate field, encompassing the study of the Earth's physical features, climates, populations, and the various human activities that shape our planet. Starting with physical geography, the Earth is divided into seven continents: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania, and South America. Each continent boasts unique landscapes. For instance, Africa houses the Sahara, the largest hot desert, while South America is home to the Amazon Rainforest, the world's largest tropical rainforest.

Additionally, geographical features such as mountains and rivers play significant roles. The Himalayas, predominantly located in Asia, include Mount Everest, the highest peak globally. Conversely, the Nile River in Africa holds the title of the longest river, spanning over 6,650 kilometers. Climatic diversity is another crucial aspect, with polar climates dominating Antarctica and tropical climates enriching the biodiversity of regions near the equator.

Population geography provides insights into demographic distributions, urbanization patterns, and cultural landscapes. The world's most populous country, China, and the most populous city, Tokyo, illustrate significant population concentrations. Lastly, economic geography examines how resources, industries, and trade influence human livelihoods. For example, the Middle East's oil reserves have shaped global energy markets extensively.

Physical features of the world include various natural formations and landforms that define the planet's surface. These features are crucial for understanding geography, climate, and ecosystems.


Mountains are some of the most prominent physical features on Earth, formed primarily through tectonic forces. The Himalayas, with Mount Everest standing at an elevation of 29,032 feet, are the highest mountain range. These towering landforms not only influence weather patterns but also house diverse flora and fauna.


Occupying over 70% of the Earth's surface, oceans are massive bodies of saltwater that play a vital role in the global climate system. The Pacific Ocean, the largest and deepest, influences weather patterns and is home to the Mariana Trench, the deepest known point in the world's oceans.


Rivers are crucial for human civilization and ecosystems, providing water for drinking, agriculture, and industry. The Nile River, running about 4,135 miles, is recognized as the longest river. It has been a lifeline for civilizations in Africa for millennia.


Deserts cover about one-third of the Earth's land surface and are characterized by low precipitation. The Sahara Desert, the largest hot desert, spans 3.6 million square miles. Deserts can be surprisingly diverse ecosystems, sustaining life adapted to extreme conditions.


Forests are vital ecosystems, acting as the lungs of the planet by absorbing carbon dioxide and generating oxygen. The Amazon Rainforest, the largest tropical rainforest, is a biodiversity hotspot with millions of species of plants and animals. It plays a crucial role in global oxygen and carbon cycles.


Plateaus are elevated flatlands that have been uplifted by geological processes. The Tibetan Plateau, often referred to as the "Roof of the World," stands at an average elevation of 14,370 feet and influences both climate and weather patterns in Asia.


Valleys are low areas between hills or mountains, often carved by rivers. The Great Rift Valley, stretching from Lebanon to Mozambique, is well known for its geological activity and rich biodiversity.

Oceans of the World

List of Oceans of the World

S.N.OceanArea (km2)Area (% of Total)Volume (km3)Volume (% of Total)Avg. depth (m)Coastline (km)Coastline (% of Total)
1Pacific Ocean168,723,00046.60%669,880,00050.10%3,970135,66335.90%
2Atlantic Ocean85,133,00023.50%310,410,90023.30%3,646111,86629.60%
3Indian Ocean70,560,00019.50%264,000,00019.80%3,74166,52617.60%
4Antarctic / Southern Ocean21,960,0006.10%71,800,0005.40%3,27017,9684.80%
5Arctic Ocean15,558,0004.30%18,750,0001.40%1,20545,38912.00%

World's Longest Rivers

List of World's Longest Rivers

RankRiverLength in kmLength in MilesDrainage Area in km2Average Discharge in m3/sOutflow
2Amazon6,4003,9767,000,000209,000Atlantic Ocean
3Yangtze6,3003,9171,800,00030,166East China Sea
4Mississippi6,2753,9022,980,00016,792Gulf of Mexico
5Yenisei5,5393,4452,580,00018,050Kara Sea
6Yellow River5,4643,395745,0002,571Bohai Sea
7Ob-Irtysh5,4103,3642,990,00012,475Gulf of Ob
8Paraná4,8803,0302,582,67222,000Río de la Plata
9Congo4,7002,9223,680,00041,800Atlantic Ocean
10Amur4,4442,7631,855,00011,400Sea of Okhotsk
11Lena4,4002,7362,490,00015,500Laptev Sea
12Mekong4,3502,705810,00016,000South China Sea
13Mackenzie4,2412,6371,790,00010,300Beaufort Sea
14Niger4,2002,6112,090,0005,589Gulf of Guinea
16Murray3,6722,2821,061,000767Southern Ocean
17Tocantins3,6502,270950,00013,598Atlantic Ocean (Marajó Bay), Amazon Delta
18Volga3,6452,2661,380,0008,080Caspian Sea
19Indus3,6102,250960,0007,160Arabian Sea
20Shatt al-Arab3,5962,236884,000856Persian Gulf
23Yukon3,1851,980850,0006,210Bering Sea
24São Francisco3,1801,976610,0003,300Atlantic Ocean
25Syr Darya3,0781,913219,000703Aral Sea
26Salween3,0601,901324,0003,153Andaman Sea
27Saint Lawrence3,0581,9001,030,00010,100Gulf of Saint Lawrence
28Rio Grande3,0571,900570,00082Gulf of Mexico
29Lower Tunguska2,9891,857473,0003,600Yenisei
30Danube-Breg2,8881,795817,0007,130Black Sea
31Irrawaddy River2,8091,745.80404,20013,000Andaman Sea
32Zambezi2,7401,7031,330,0004,880Mozambique Channel
34Ganges2,7041,6901,024,00012,037Bay of Bengal
35Amu2,6201,628534,7391,400Aral Sea
37Nelson2,5701,5971,093,0002,575Hudson Bay
39Kolyma2,5131,562644,0003,800East Siberian Sea
40Pilcomayo2,5001,553270,000 Paraguay
41Upper Ob-Katun2,4901,547  Ob
43Ural2,4281,509237,000475Caspian Sea
46Colorado2,3331,450390,0001,200Gulf of California
47Olenyok2,2921,424219,0001,210Laptev Sea
48Dnieper2,2871,421516,3001,670Black Sea
52Columbia2,2501,398415,2117,500Pacific Ocean
53Pearl2,2001,376437,00013,600South China Sea
57Orinoco2,1011,3061,380,00033,000Atlantic Ocean
58Tarim2,1001,305557,000 Lop Nur
59Xingu2,1001,305  Amazon
60Orange2,0921,300  Atlantic Ocean
61Brazos-Double2,0601,280  Gulf of Mexico
62Northern Salado2,0101,249  Paraná
63Vitim1,9781,229  Lena
64Tigris1,9501,212  Shatt al-Arab
65Songhua1,9271,197  Amur
66Tapajós1,9001,181  Amazon
67Don1,8701,162425,600935Sea of Azov
68Stony Tunguska1,8651,159240,000 Yenisey
69Pechora1,8091,124322,0004,100Barents Sea
71Limpopo1,8001,118413,000 Indian Ocean
72Chulym1,7991,118134,000 Ob
73Guaporé1,7491,087  Mamoré
74Indigirka1,7261,072360,4001,810East Siberian Sea
76Senegal1,6411,020419,659 Atlantic Ocean
77Uruguay1,6101,000370,000 Atlantic Ocean
78Blue Nile1,600994326,400 Nile
78Churchill1,600994  Hudson Bay
78Khatanga-Kotuy1,600994  Laptev Sea
78Okavango1,600994  Okavango Delta
78Volta1,600994  Gulf of Guinea
84Platte1,594990  Missouri
85Tobol1,591989  Irtysh
86Alazeya1,59098864,700 East Siberian Sea
87Jubba-Shebelle1,580982  Indian Ocean
88Içá1,575979  Amazon
90Han1,532952  Yangtze
91Kura/Mt'k'vari1,515941188,400575Caspian Sea
93Upper Murray1,500932  Lower Murray
94Guaviare1,497930  Orinoco
95Pecos1,490926  Rio Grande
96Murrumbidgee River1,48592384,917120Murray River
97Upper Yenisey1,480920  Yenisey
98Godavari1,465910312,8123,061Bay of Bengal
99Colorado1,438894  Gulf of Mexico
100Upper Tocantins1,427887  Tocantins
101Cooper-Barcoo1,420880  Lake Eyre
103Marañón1,415879  Amazon
104Dniester1,41187772,100310Black Sea
105Benue1,400870  Niger
105Ili (Yili)1,400870  Lake Balkhash
105Warburton-Georgina1,400870365,000 Lake Eyre
108Sutlej1,372852  Chenab
111Fraser1,368850220,0003,475Pacific Ocean
112Grande1,360845  Paraná
113Liao-Xiliao-Laoha1,345836  Bohai Sea
114Lachlan River1,33983284,70049Murrumbidgee River
115Narmada1,33381598,7961,447Arabian Sea
116Yalong1,323822  Yangtze
117Iguaçu1,320820  Paraná
117Olyokma1,320820  Lena
119Northern Dvina-Sukhona1,302809357,0523,332White Sea
120Krishna1,300808  Bay of Bengal
120Iriri1,300808  Xingu
122Lomami1,280795  Congo
123Ottawa1,271790146,3001,950Saint Lawrence
124Rio Grande de Santiago-Lerma1,270789119,543 Pacific Ocean
125Elbe-Vltava1,252778148,268711North Sea
126Zeya1,242772  Amur
127Juruena1,240771  Tapajós
128Upper Mississippi1,236768  Mississippi
129Rhine1,233768185,0002,330North Sea
130Athabasca1,23176595,300 Mackenzie
131Canadian1,223760  Arkansas
132North Saskatchewan1,220758  Saskatchewan
133Vistula-Narew-Bug1,213754194,4241,080Baltic Sea
134Vaal1,210752  Orange
135Shire1,200746  Zambezi
135Ogooué (or Ogowe)1,200746223,8564,706Atlantic Ocean
137Nen1,190739  Songhua
138Kızıl River1,182734115,000400Black Sea
140Green1,175730  Colorado (western U.S.)
141Milk1,173729  Missouri
142Mun - Chi1,162722  Mekong River
142White1,162722  Mississippi
144Chindwin1,158720  Ayeyarwady
145Sankuru1,150715  Kasai
147Red (Asia)1,149714143,7002,640Gulf of Tonkin
148James (Dakotas)1,143710  Missouri
148Kapuas1,143710  Natuna Sea
150Helmand1,130702  Hamun-i-Helmand
150Madre de Dios1,130702125,0004,915Beni
150Tietê1,130702  Paraná
150Vychegda1,130702121,0001160Northern Dvina
155Sepik1,12670077,700 Pacific Ocean
156Cimarron1,123698  Arkansas
157Anadyr1,120696  Gulf of Anadyr
157Paraíba do Sul1,120696  Atlantic Ocean
159Jialing River1,119695  Yangtze
160Liard1,115693  Mackenzie
162Huallaga1,100684  Marañón
162Draa1,100684  Atlantic Ocean
165Gambia1,094680  Atlantic Ocean
166Tyung1,09267949,800 Vilyuy
167Chenab1,086675  Indus
168Yellowstone1,080671114,260 Missouri
170Huai River1,078670270,0001,110Yangtze
172Chu1,06766362,500 none
173Seversky Donets1,05365498,900159Don
174Bermejo1,050652  Paraguay
174Fly1,050652  Gulf of Papua
174Kuskokwim1,050652  Bering Sea
177Tennessee1,049652  Ohio
178Oder-Warta1,045649118,861550Baltic Sea
179Aruwimi1,030640  Congo
180Chambal1,024636  Yamuna
181Daugava1,02063487,900678Gulf of Riga
182Gila1,015631  Colorado (western U.S.)
183Loire1,012629115,271840Atlantic Ocean
184Essequibo1,010628  Atlantic Ocean
186Tagus (Tajo/Tejo)1,00662580,100444Atlantic Ocean
187Flinders River1,004624109,000122Gulf of Carpentaria

Highest Mountains in the World

List of Highest Mountains in the World

RankMountain NameHeight (rounded) in MetersHeight (rounded) in FeetsProminence (rounded) in MetersProminence (rounded) in FeetsRangeParent MountainCountry
1Mount Everest, Sagarmatha, Chomolungma8,84829,0298,84829,029Mahalangur Himalaya-Nepal, China
2K28,61128,2514,02013,190Baltoro KarakoramMount EverestPakistan, China
3Kangchenjunga8,58628,1693,92212,867Kangchenjunga HimalayaMount EverestNepal, India
4Lhotse8,51627,9406102,000Mahalangur HimalayaMount EverestChina, Nepal
5Makalu8,48527,8382,3787,802Mahalangur HimalayaMount EverestNepal, China
6Cho Oyu8,18826,8642,3407,680Mahalangur HimalayaMount EverestChina, Nepal
7Dhaulagiri I8,16726,7953,35711,014Dhaulagiri HimalayaK2Nepal
8Manaslu8,16326,7813,09210,144Manaslu HimalayaCho OyuNepal
9Nanga Parbat8,12626,6604,60815,118Nanga Parbat HimalayaDhaulagiriPakistan
10Annapurna I8,09126,5452,9849,790Annapurna HimalayaCho OyuNepal
11Gasherbrum I, Hidden Peak, K58,08026,5102,1557,070Baltoro KarakoramK2Pakistan, China
12Broad Peak8,05126,4141,7015,581Baltoro KarakoramGasherbrum IChina, Pakistan
13Gasherbrum II, K48,03526,3621,5245,000Baltoro KarakoramGasherbrum IPakistan, China
14Shishapangma, Gosainthan8,02726,3352,8979,505Jugal HimalayaCho OyuChina
15Gyachung Kang7,95226,0896722,205Mahalangur HimalayaCho OyuNepal, China
16Gasherbrum III, K3a7,94626,0703551,165Baltoro KarakoramGasherbrum IIPakistan, China
17Annapurna II7,93726,0402,4377,995Annapurna HimalayaAnnapurna INepal
18Gasherbrum IV, K37,93226,0247122,336Baltoro KarakoramGasherbrum IIIPakistan
19Himalchuli7,89325,8961,6335,358Manaslu HimalayaManasluNepal
20Distaghil Sar7,88425,8662,5258,284Hispar KarakoramK2Pakistan
21Ngadi Chuli7,87125,8231,0113,317Manaslu HimalayaManasluNepal
22Nuptse7,86425,8013051,001Mahalangur HimalayaLhotseNepal
23Khunyang Chhish7,82325,6661,7655,791Hispar KarakoramDistaghil SarPakistan
24Masherbrum, K17,82125,6592,4578,061Masherbrum KarakoramGasherbrum IPakistan
25Nanda Devi7,81625,6433,13910,299Garhwal HimalayaDhaulagiriIndia
26Chomo Lonzo7,80425,6045901,940Mahalangur HimalayaMakaluChina
27Batura Sar7,79525,5743,11810,230Batura KarakoramDistaghil SarPakistan
28Rakaposhi7,78825,5512,8189,245Rakaposhi-Haramosh KarakoramKhunyang ChhishPakistan
29Namcha Barwa7,78225,5314,10613,471Assam HimalayaKangchenjungaChina
30Kanjut Sar7,76025,4601,6605,450Hispar KarakoramKhunyang ChhishPakistan
31Kamet7,75625,4462,8259,268Garhwal HimalayaNanda DeviIndia
32Dhaulagiri II7,75125,4302,3977,864Dhaulagiri HimalayaDhaulagiriNepal
33Saltoro Kangri, K107,74225,4002,1607,090Saltoro KarakoramGasherbrum IIndia, Pakistan
34Kumbhakarna, Jannu7,71125,2991,0363,399Kangchenjunga HimalayaKangchenjungaNepal
35Tirich Mir7,70825,2893,91012,830Hindu KushBatura SarPakistan
36Molamenqing7,70325,2724331,421Langtang HimalayaShishapangmaChina
37Gurla Mandhata7,69425,2432,7889,147Nalakankar HimalayaDhaulagiriChina
38Saser Kangri I, K227,67225,1712,3047,559Saser KarakoramGasherbrum IIndia
39Chogolisa7,66525,1481,6245,328Masherbrum KarakoramGasherbrum IPakistan
40Dhaulagiri IV7,66125,1354691,539Dhaulagiri HimalayaDhaulagiri IINepal
41Kongur Tagh7,64925,0953,58511,762Kongur Shan (Eastern Pamirs)Distaghil SarChina
42Dhaulagiri V7,61824,9933401,120Dhaulagiri HimalayaDhaulagiri IVNepal
43Shispare7,61124,9701,2404,070Batura KarakoramBatura SarPakistan
44Trivor7,57724,8599973,271Hispar KarakoramDistaghil SarPakistan
45Gangkhar Puensum7,57024,8402,9959,826Kula Kangri HimalayaKangchenjungaBhutan, China
46Gongga Shan, Minya Konka7,55624,7903,64211,949Daxue Mountains (Hengduan Shan)Mount EverestChina
47Annapurna III7,55524,7877032,306Annapurna HimalayaAnnapurna INepal
48Skyang Kangri7,54524,7541,0853,560Baltoro KarakoramK2Pakistan, China
49Changtse7,54324,7475141,686Mahalangur HimalayaMount EverestChina
50Kula Kangri7,53824,7311,6545,427Kula Kangri HimalayaGangkhar PuensumChina, Bhutan
51Kongur Tiube7,53024,7008402,760Kongur Shan (Eastern Pamirs)Kongur TaghChina
52Annapurna IV7,52524,688255837Annapurna HimalayaAnnapurnaNepal
53Mamostong Kangri7,51624,6591,8035,915Rimo KarakoramGasherbrum IIndia
54Saser Kangri II E7,51324,6491,4584,783Saser KarakoramSaser Kangri IIndia
55Muztagh Ata7,50924,6362,6988,852Muztagata (Eastern Pamirs)Kongur TaghChina
56Ismoil Somoni Peak7,49524,5903,40211,161Pamir (Academy of Sciences Range)Muztagh AtaTajikistan
57Saser Kangri III7,49524,5908352,740Saser KarakoramSaser Kangri IIndia
58Noshaq7,49224,5802,0246,640Hindu KushTirich MirAfghanistan, Pakistan
59Pumari Chhish7,49224,5808842,900Hispar KarakoramKhunyang ChhishPakistan
60Passu Sar7,47624,5286472,123Batura KarakoramBatura SarPakistan
61Yukshin Gardan Sar7,46924,5051,3744,508Hispar KarakoramPumari ChhishPakistan
62Teram Kangri I7,46224,4821,7035,587Siachen KarakoramGasherbrum IChina, India
63Jongsong Peak7,46224,4821,2984,259Kangchenjunga HimalayaKangchenjungaIndia, China, Nepal
64Malubiting7,45824,4692,1937,195Rakaposhi-Haramosh KarakoramRakaposhiPakistan
65Gangapurna7,45524,4595631,847Annapurna HimalayaAnnapurna IIINepal
66Jengish Chokusu, Tömür, Pik Pobedy7,43924,4064,14813,609Tian ShanIsmail Samani PeakKyrgyzstan, China
67Sunanda Devi, Nanda Devi East7,43424,390229751Garhwal HimalayaNanda DeviIndia
68K127,42824,3701,9786,490Saltoro KarakoramSaltoro KangriIndia, Pakistan
69Yangra, Ganesh I7,42224,3502,3527,717Ganesh HimalayaShishapangmaChina, Nepal
70Sia Kangri7,42224,3506422,106Siachen KarakoramGasherbrum IPakistan, China
71Momhil Sar7,41424,3249072,976Hispar KarakoramTrivorPakistan
72Kabru N7,41224,3187202,360Kangchenjunga HimalayaKangchenjungaIndia, Nepal
73Skil Brum7,41024,3101,1523,780Baltoro KarakoramK2Pakistan
74Haramosh Peak7,40924,3082,2777,470Rakaposhi-Haramosh KarakoramMalubitingPakistan
75Istor-o-Nal7,40324,2881,0433,422Hindu KushNoshaqPakistan
76Ghent Kangri7,40124,2811,4934,898Saltoro KarakoramSaltoro KangriIndia, Pakistan
77Ultar7,38824,2396882,257Batura KarakoramShisparePakistan
78Rimo I7,38524,2291,4284,685Rimo KarakoramTeram Kangri IIndia
79Churen Himal7,38524,2296502,130Dhaulagiri HimalayaDhaulagiri IVNepal
80Teram Kangri III7,38224,2195201,710Siachen KarakoramTeram Kangri IIndia, China
81Sherpi Kangri7,38024,2101,3204,330Saltoro KarakoramGhent KangriIndia, Pakistan
82Labuche Kang7,36724,1701,9576,421Labuche HimalayaCho OyuChina
83Kirat Chuli7,36224,1541,1683,832Kangchenjunga HimalayaKangchenjungaNepal, India
84Abi Gamin7,35524,131217712Garhwal HimalayaKametIndia, China
85Gimmigela Chuli, The Twins7,35024,1104321,417Kangchenjunga HimalayaKangchenjungaIndia, Nepal
86Nangpai Gosum7,35024,1104271,401Mahalangur HimalayaCho OyuNepal, China
87Saraghrar7,34924,1111,9796,493Hindu KushNoshaqPakistan
88Talung7,34924,1113661,201Kangchenjunga HimalayaKabruNepal, India
89Jomolhari, Chomo Lhari7,32624,0352,3417,680Jomolhari HimalayaGangkhar PuensumBhutan, China
90Chamlang7,32124,0191,2414,072Mahalangur HimalayaLhotseNepal
91Chongtar7,31523,9991,2954,249Baltoro KarakoramSkil BrumChina
92Baltoro Kangri7,31223,9901,1403,740Masherbrum KarakoramChogolisaPakistan
93Siguang Ri7,30923,9806692,195Mahalangur HimalayaCho OyuChina
94The Crown, Huang Guan Shan7,29523,9341,9196,296Yengisogat KarakoramSkil Brum (K2)China
95Gyala Peri7,29423,9302,9429,652Assam HimalayaMount EverestChina
96Porong Ri7,29223,9245121,680Langtang HimalayaShishapangmaChina
97Baintha Brakk, The Ogre7,28523,9011,8916,204Panmah KarakoramKanjut SarPakistan
98Yutmaru Sar7,28323,8946802,230Hispar KarakoramYukshin Gardan SarPakistan
99K6, Baltistan Peak7,28223,8911,9626,437Masherbrum KarakoramChogolisaPakistan
100Kangpenqing, Gang Benchhen7,28123,8881,3454,413Baiku HimalayaShishapangmaChina
101Muztagh Tower7,27623,8711,7105,610Baltoro KarakoramSkil BrumPakistan, China
102Mana Peak7,27223,8587322,402Garhwal HimalayaKametIndia
103Dhaulagiri VI7,26823,8454881,601Dhaulagiri HimalayaDhaulagiri IVNepal
104Diran7,26623,8391,3294,360Rakaposhi-Haramosh KarakoramMalubitingPakistan
105Labuche Kang III, Labuche Kang East7,25023,7905701,870Labuche HimalayaLabuche HimilayaChina
106Putha Hiunchuli7,24623,7731,1513,776Dhaulagiri HimalayaChuren HimalNepal
107Apsarasas Kangri7,24523,7706071,991Siachen KarakoramTeram Kangri IIndia, China
108Mukut Parbat7,24223,7606832,241Garhwal HimalayaKametIndia, China
109Rimo III7,23323,7306132,011Rimo KarakoramRimo IIndia
110Langtang Lirung7,22723,7111,5345,033Langtang HimalayaShishapangmaNepal
111Karjiang7,22123,6918952,936Kula Kangri HimalayaKula KangriChina
112Annapurna Dakshin (Annapurna South)7,21923,6847692,523Annapurna HimalayaAnnapurnaNepal
113Khartaphu7,21323,6657122,336Mahalangur HimalayaMount EverestChina
114Tongshanjiabu7,20723,6451,7575,764Lunana HimalayaGangkhar PuensumBhutan, China
115Malangutti Sar7,20723,6455071,663Hispar KarakoramDistaghil SarPakistan
116Noijin Kangsang, Norin Kang7,20623,6422,1607,090Nagarze HimalayaGangkhar PuensumChina
117Langtang Ri7,20523,6386652,182Langtang HimalayaShishapangmaNepal, China
118Kangphu Kang, Shimokangri7,20423,6351,2444,081Lunana HimalayaTongshanjiabuBhutan, China
119Singhi Kangri7,20223,6297302,400Siachen KarakoramTeram Kangri IIIIndia, China
120Lupghar Sar7,20023,6007302,400Hispar KarakoramMomhil SarPakistan

Largest Deserts in the World

List of World's Deserts by Area

RankDesert NameTypeArea (km2)Area (sq mi)LocationCountry(s)
1Antarctic DesertPolar ice and tundra14,200,0005,482,651Antarctica-
2Arctic DesertPolar ice and tundra13,900,0005,366,820Eastern Europe, Northern America, Northern Asia, Northern EuropeUnited States, Canada, Greenland, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Jan Mayen, Russia, Svalbard, and Sweden
3Sahara DesertSubtropical9,200,0003,552,140Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Western AfricaAlgeria, Western Sahara, Chad, Eritrea, Egypt, Mali, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania, Niger, Tunisia, and Sudan
4Great AustralianSubtropical2,700,0001,042,476AustraliaAustralia
5Arabian DesertSubtropical2,330,000899,618Western AsiaYemen, Iraq, Kuwait, Jordan, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates, and Saudi Arabia
6Gobi DesertCold winter1,295,000500,002Eastern AsiaChina, and Mongolia
7Kalahari DesertSubtropical900,000347,492Southern AfricaSouth Africa, Botswana, and Namibia
8Patagonian DesertCold winter673,000259,847South AmericaArgentina
9Syrian DesertSubtropical500,000193,051Western AsiaIraq, Syria, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia
10Great BasinCold winter492,098190,000Northern AmericaUnited States
11Chihuahuan DesertSubtropical453,248175,000Northern AmericaUnited States, and Mexico
12Karakum DesertCold winter350,000135,136Central AsiaTurkmenistan
13Great VictoriaSubtropical348,750134,653Western Australia, South AustraliaAustralia
14Colorado PlateauCold winter337,000130,116Northern AmericaUnited States
15Sonoran DesertSubtropical310,000119,692Central America, Northern AmericaUnited States and Mexico
16Kyzylkum DesertCold winter300,000115,831Central AsiaUzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Kazakhstan
17Taklamakan DesertCold winter270,000104,248Eastern AsiaChina
18Ogden DesertSubtropical256,00098,842Eastern AfricaEthiopia, Somaliland, and Somalia
19Thar DesertSubtropical238,25477,220Southern AsiaPakistan and India
20Puntland DesertSubtropical200,00077,220Eastern AfricaSomalia
21Ustyurt PlateauTemperate200,00077,220Central AsiaKazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan
22Guban DesertSubtropical175,00067,568Eastern AfricaSomalia / Somaliland
23Namib DesertCool coastal160,00061,776Middle Africa, Southern AfricaAngola, South Africa, and Namibia
24Dasht-e MargoSubtropical150,00057,915Southern AsiaAfghanistan
25Registan DesertSubtropical146,00056,371Southern AsiaAfghanistan
26Atacama DesertMild coastal140,00054,054South AmericaPeru and Chile
27Danakil DesertSubtropical137,00052,896Eastern AfricaDjibouti, Ethiopia, and Eritrea
28Mojave DesertSubtropical124,00047,877Northern AmericaUnited States
29Chalbi DesertSubtropical100,00038,610Eastern AfricaKenya
30Columbia BasinCold winter83,13932,100Northern AmericaUnited States and Canada
31Dasht-e KavirSubtropical77,00029,730Southern AsiaIran
32Ferlo DesertSubtropical70,00027,027Western AfricaSenegal
33Ladakh DesertCold winter59,14622,836Southern AsiaIndia
34Dasht-e LutSubtropical52,00020,077Southern AsiaIran

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