Second World Countries List

The Second World is a Western term to regard to the former socialist industrial countries (previously the Eastern Bloc), generally the territory and area under the control of the Soviet Union. Following World War 2, there were 19 communist countries, and after the fall of the Soviet Union (Russia), only five socialist countries remained: China, North Korea, Cuba, Laos, and Vietnam. Along with "1st World" and "3rd World", the term was used to separate the countries of Earth into 3 broad categories.

About Second World Countries Map

Explore the map of second world countries to locate all the countries which are considered as second world.

Second World Definition

The second world is a terminology extensively used during the Cold War era. It was coined specially for the industrial socialist states under the Soviet Union’s influence. In the aftermath of the Second World War, nineteen communist states evolved. All these states were under Soviet influence. However, some nations like China and Yugoslavia broke away from Russia. These nations developed their own way of socialism while keeping faith in the Communist government structure. On the other hand, a majority of communist nations were an integral part of this bloc until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. After the fall of the Soviet Union, only five communist nations remained. They are China, North Korea, Vietnam, Laos and Cuba.

Concept of the Second World

The Second World’s concept emanated from the Cold War era. It is largely used to denote the former countries which supported communism. However, many of them nowadays are capitalist states like Eastern Europe. Subsequently, the meaning of the first world, second world and third world changed from being based on political ideology to economic conditions. This three-world theory has been criticized by sociologists. They prefer using terms like developed, developing and underdeveloped. But still, this three-world theory is quite popular in contemporary literature.

Human Development in Contrast to the Three World Model

To be precise, the three-world model was implemented to analyze and rank the nations’ development and their economies during the era of the Cold War. The first world countries were capitalist and industrial. They shared similar economic and political institutions. The second world nations depicted socialism and displayed specific traits like centrally-planned economies along with single-party states. The first world and the second world were competing for economic and political influence over the developing or third world nations.

The Human Development Index or HDI is used to rank the nations. It is determined by seeing at a nation’s human development indicators like per capita income, life expectancy and education. Usually, the scale is 0 to 1. A country’s HDI can be put into four categories. For instance, 0 to .55 is low. On the other hand, 0.55 to 0.70 is medium, and 0.70 to 0.80 is high. When a country has a high HDI, the HDI lies in the range of 0.80 to 1. The second world nations from the Cold War era usually depicted medium to high HDI.

Second World Countries Examples and Decline in Usage of the Term “Second World”

Some examples of the Second World nations are Slovakia, Czech Republic, Mongolia, North Korea, etc. In terms of the socio-economic notion, a worthwhile definition of the second world countries would be the newly industrialized nations like India, Malaysia, Thailand, etc. Second world nations are countries that are more developed and stable when compared to the third world countries, which are located in various parts of South America, Africa, Central America and South Asia. However, these nations are less stable and developed than first-world nations like the United States. Developing nations are countries that are not much industrialized and possess lower per capita income levels. The powerful economies located in the West are still classified as the First World. However, the term second world ceased to exist after the fall of the Soviet Union.

List of Second World Countries 2021

S.N.Second World Countries NameCapitalPopulationCurrencyDialing Code2015 GDP (PPP) in Millions2015 Nominal GDP - $ Millions2015 GDP (PPP) per CapitaArea (km2)Area (sq mi)
1AlbaniaTirana30,20,209Lek+355$32,440$11,590$11,900 28,74811,100
4BelarusMinsk96,08,058Belarusian ruble+375$1,68,200$62,020$17,800 2,07,60080,155
5Bosnia and HerzegovinaSarajevo38,71,643Convertible mark+387$39,460$15,570$10,200 51,19719,767
6BulgariaSofia69,24,716Lev+359$1,32,600$47,170$18,400 1,10,87942,811
7ChinaBeijing1,37,07,93,000Renminbi (yuan)+86$1,95,10,000$1,13,80,000$14,30095,96,96137,05,407
8CroatiaZagreb44,70,534Kuna+385$90,330$48,930$21,300 56,59421,851
9CubaHavana1,12,52,000Cuban peso, Cuban convertible peso+53$1,28,500$77,150$10,2001,09,88442,426
10Czech RepublicPrague1,05,38,275Czech koruna+420$3,31,400$1,82,500$31,500 78,86730,451
11East GermanyBerlin8,09,96,685Euro+49$38,42,000$33,71,000$47,400 3,57,0221,37,847
12EstoniaTallinn12,57,921Euro+372$37,880$22,930$28,700 45,22817,463
13GeorgiaTbilisi / T'bilisi49,35,880Lari+995$35,370$13,750$9,50069,70026,911
14HungaryBudapest99,19,128Forint+36$2,57,000$1,18,500$26,000 93,02835,918
15KazakhstanAstana1,79,48,816Tenge+7-6xx, +7-7xx$4,30,500$1,95,000$24,70027,24,90010,52,090
18LatviaRiga21,65,165Euro+371$49,890$27,820$24,500 64,58924,938
19LithuaniaVilnius29,43,472Euro+370$82,140$41,780$28,000 65,30025,212
20Macedonia, Rep. ofSkopje20,91,719Macedonian denar+389$28,890$10,090$14,000 25,7139,928
21MoldovaChișinău35,83,288Moldovan leu+373$17,770$6,188$5,000 33,85113,070
22MontenegroPodgorica6,50,036Euro+382$9,829$3,985$15,700 13,8125,333
23North KoreaP'yŏngyang2,58,63,000North Korean won+850$40,000$28,000$1,8001,20,54046,528
24PolandWarsaw3,83,46,279Polish złoty+48$10,03,000$4,81,200$26,400 3,12,6851,20,728
25RomaniaBucharest2,17,29,871Romanian leu+40$4,11,100$1,74,900$20,600 2,38,39192,043
26RussiaMoscow14,62,67,288Russian ruble+7$34,71,000$12,36,000$23,7001,70,98,24266,01,668
27SerbiaBelgrade72,09,764Serbian dinar+381$97,270$36,560$13,600 88,36134,116
28SlovakiaBratislava54,43,583Euro+421$1,59,600$86,200$29,500 49,03518,933
29SloveniaLjubljana19,88,292Euro+386$63,600$42,740$30,900 20,2737,827
31TurkmenistanAshgabat49,02,000Turkmen new manat+993$90,290$44,360$15,6004,91,2101,88,456
32UkraineKiev4,42,91,413Ukrainian hryvnia+380$3,34,200$90,140$8,000 6,03,5502,33,032
33UzbekistanTashkent3,12,83,000Uzbekistan som (O'zbekiston so'mi)+998$1,85,800$65,950$6,1004,48,9781,72,742