Map of India with Plain Background
About India Map
Explore map of India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the 2nd most populous country, the 7th largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world.
States and Union Territories of India
States of India
|S.N.||State||Vehicle code||Zone||Capital||Largest city||Statehood||Population||Area (km2)||Official languages||Additional official languages|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||AP||Southern||Amaravati||Visakhapatnam||1 November 1956||49,506,799||160,205||Telugu||-|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||AR||North-Eastern||Itanagar||Itanagar||20 February 1987||1,383,727||83,743||English||-|
|3||Assam||AS||North-Eastern||Dispur||Guwahati||26 January 1950||31,205,576||78,550||Assamese||Bengali, Bodo|
|5||Chhattisgarh||CG||Central||Nava Raipur||Raipur||1 November 2000||25,545,198||135,194||Hindi||Chhattisgarhi|
|6||Goa||GA||Western||Panaji||Vasco da Gama||30 May 1987||1,458,545||3,702||Konkani||Marathi|
|7||Gujarat||GJ||Western||Gandhinagar||Ahmedabad||1 May 1960||60,439,692||196,024||Gujarati||-|
|8||Haryana||HR||Northern||Chandigarh||Faridabad||1 November 1966||25,351,462||44,212||Hindi||Punjabi|
|9||Himachal Pradesh||HP||Northern||Shimla (Summer), Dharamshala (Winter)||Shimla||25 January 1971||6,864,602||55,673||Hindi||Sanskrit|
|10||Jharkhand||JH||Eastern||Ranchi||Jamshedpur||15 November 2000||32,988,134||74,677||Hindi||Santali, Urdu|
|11||Karnataka||KA||Southern||Bengaluru||Bengaluru||1 November 1956||61,095,297||191,791||Kannada||-|
|12||Kerala||KL||Southern||Thiruvananthapuram||Kochi||1 November 1956||33,406,061||38,863||Malayalam||-|
|13||Madhya Pradesh||MP||Central||Bhopal||Indore||26 January 1950||72,626,809||308,252||Hindi||-|
|14||Maharashtra||MH||Western||Mumbai (Summer), Nagpur (Winter)||Mumbai||1 May 1960||112,374,333||307,713||Marathi||-|
|15||Manipur||MN||North-Eastern||Imphal||Imphal||21 January 1972||2,855,794||22,347||Meitei||English|
|16||Meghalaya||ML||North-Eastern||Shillong||Shillong||21 January 1972||2,966,889||22,720||English||Khasi|
|17||Mizoram||MZ||North-Eastern||Aizawl||Aizawl||20 February 1987||1,097,206||21,081||English, Hindi, Mizo||-|
|18||Nagaland||NL||North-Eastern||Kohima||Dimapur||1 December 1963||1,978,502||16,579||English||-|
|19||Odisha||OD||Eastern||Bhubaneswar||Bhubaneswar||26 January 1950||41,974,218||155,820||Odia||-|
|20||Punjab||PB||Northern||Chandigarh||Ludhiana||1 November 1966||27,743,338||50,362||Punjabi||-|
|21||Rajasthan||RJ||Northern||Jaipur||Jaipur||26 January 1950||68,548,437||342,269||Hindi||English|
|22||Sikkim||SK||North-Eastern||Gangtok||Gangtok||16 May 1975||610,577||7,096||English, Nepali||Bhutia, Gurung, Lepcha, Limbu, Manggar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa, Tamang|
|23||Tamil Nadu||TN||Southern||Chennai||Chennai||1 November 1956||72,147,030||130,058||Tamil||English|
|24||Telangana||TS||Southern||Hyderabad||Hyderabad||2 June 2014||35,193,978||114,840||Telugu||Urdu|
|25||Tripura||TR||North-Eastern||Agartala||Agartala||21 January 1972||3,673,917||10,492||Bengali, English, Kokborok||-|
|26||Uttar Pradesh||UP||Central||Lucknow||Kanpur||26 January 1950||199,812,341||243,286||Hindi||Urdu|
|27||Uttarakhand||UK||Central||Gairsain (Summer), Dehradun (Winter)||Dehradun||9 November 2000||10,086,292||53,483||Hindi||Sanskrit|
|28||West Bengal||WB||Eastern||Kolkata||Kolkata||26 January 1950||91,276,115||88,752||Bengali, Nepali||Hindi, Odia, Punjabi, Santali, Urdu|
Union Territories of India
|S.N.||Union territory||Vehicle code||Zone||Capital||Largest city||UT established||Population||Area (km2)||Official languages||Additional official languages|
|1||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||AN||Southern||Port Blair||Port Blair||1 November 1956||380,581||8,249||English, Hindi||Bengali, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu|
|2||Chandigarh||CH||Northern||Chandigarh||—||1 November 1966||1,055,450||114||English, Hindi, Punjabi||-|
|3||Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||DD||Western||Daman||Daman||26 January 2020||586,956||603||English, Gujarati, Hindi||Konkani, Marathi|
|4||Delhi||DL||Northern||New Delhi||—||1 November 1956||16,787,941||1,490||English, Hindi||Punjabi, Urdu|
|5||Jammu and Kashmir||JK||Northern||Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)||Srinagar||31 October 2019||12,258,433||55,538||English, Hindi, Urdu||Dogri, Kashmiri|
|6||Ladakh||LA||Northern||Leh (Summer), Kargil (Winter)||Leh||31 October 2019||290,492||174,852||English, Ladakhi, Urdu||Balti, Purgi|
|7||Lakshadweep||LD||Southern||Kavaratti||Kavaratti||1 November 1956||64,473||32||English, Malayalam||-|
|8||Puducherry||PY||Southern||Pondicherry||Pondicherry||16 August 1962||1,247,953||492||English, Tamil||Malayalam, Telugu|
India is a country in South Asia known for its diverse culture, rich history, and beautiful landscapes. With a population of over 1.3 billion people, India is the second-most populous country in the world, and it is home to over 2,000 different ethnic groups and more than 1,600 languages.
India has a long and complex history, with evidence of human habitation dating back to the Indus Valley Civilization, which existed between 3300 BCE and 1300 BCE. Over the centuries, India has been ruled by various empires, including the Maurya, Gupta, Mughal, and British empires. The British Raj, which lasted from 1858 to 1947, saw India become a colony of the British Empire and led to the country's struggle for independence.
In 1947, India gained independence from British rule, and the country was divided into India and Pakistan. This division led to violence and displacement, with millions of people being uprooted from their homes and communities. India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, worked to unify the country and create a democratic government that would represent the interests of all Indians.
India is known for its diverse culture, which varies depending on the region, religion, and language. Hinduism is the dominant religion in India, but the country is also home to Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, and Jains, among others. Each religion has its own unique customs, traditions, and festivals, which are celebrated throughout the year.
India is also famous for its cuisine, which is influenced by the country's diverse history and geography. Indian cuisine is characterized by the use of spices and herbs, such as cumin, coriander, turmeric, and ginger, and dishes can range from vegetarian curries to meat dishes like tandoori chicken and biryani.
India is a popular tourist destination, with millions of people visiting the country each year. Some of the country's most famous attractions include the Taj Mahal, a stunning marble mausoleum in Agra, and the Golden Temple, a holy Sikh shrine in Amritsar. Other popular tourist destinations include the beaches of Goa, the backwaters of Kerala, and the bustling cities of Mumbai and Delhi.
In recent years, India has also become a popular destination for medical tourism, with people traveling to the country for affordable medical procedures and treatments. India is known for its advanced medical facilities and skilled doctors, making it a popular destination for those seeking high-quality healthcare at a lower cost.
Despite its many strengths, India faces a number of challenges, including poverty, inequality, and political instability. The country has a large population, and many people live in poverty, struggling to access basic necessities like food, water, and healthcare. India also faces environmental challenges, including air pollution and deforestation, which have a negative impact on public health and the country's natural resources.
India is also grappling with political unrest and violence, particularly in regions like Jammu and Kashmir and the Northeast. These conflicts are often fueled by religious, ethnic, and political differences, and they pose a threat to the country's stability and security.
India is a complex and fascinating country with a rich history, diverse culture, and beautiful landscapes. Despite the challenges it faces, India continues to make progress in areas like economic growth, healthcare, and education, and the country remains a key player on the world stage. With its vibrant culture and welcoming people, India is a country that is sure to leave a lasting impression on anyone who visits.
History of India
India is a land of diversity, history, culture, and traditions. The country has a rich and fascinating history that dates back to over 5,000 years. India has been the birthplace of several civilizations, empires, and dynasties that have left their mark on the country's culture, architecture, and society.
The earliest civilization in India was the Indus Valley Civilization, which existed between 2600 BCE and 1900 BCE. The civilization was located in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent and had well-planned cities, sophisticated drainage systems, and a writing system that is yet to be deciphered completely. The Indus Valley Civilization was known for its advanced urban planning and architecture, trade and commerce, and its agricultural techniques.
After the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization, several kingdoms emerged in different parts of India. The Vedic Period (1500 BCE-500 BCE) saw the rise of the Aryans, who established several kingdoms and city-states across northern India. During this period, the Rigveda, the oldest sacred text of Hinduism, was written.
The Maurya Empire (321 BCE-185 BCE) was the first empire to unify most of the Indian subcontinent under one ruler. The empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, who was succeeded by his son, Bindusara, and grandson, Ashoka. Ashoka is known for his policies of non-violence, religious tolerance, and social welfare, which he promoted through his edicts.
After the decline of the Maurya Empire, several dynasties, including the Gupta Empire (320 CE-550 CE), the Cholas (850 CE-1250 CE), and the Vijayanagara Empire (1336 CE-1646 CE), ruled over different parts of India. The Gupta Empire is known for its advancements in mathematics, astronomy, and literature. The Cholas were known for their naval power, their patronage of the arts, and their contribution to the development of Tamil literature. The Vijayanagara Empire is known for its architecture, including the Hampi complex of temples and monuments.
In the medieval period, India saw the rise of several Islamic dynasties, including the Delhi Sultanate (1206 CE-1526 CE) and the Mughal Empire (1526 CE-1857 CE). The Delhi Sultanate was founded by Qutb-ud-din Aibak and saw the establishment of several dynasties, including the Slave Dynasty, the Khilji Dynasty, the Tughlaq Dynasty, and the Lodi Dynasty. The Mughal Empire was founded by Babur, who defeated the last ruler of the Lodi Dynasty in 1526 CE. The Mughals were known for their architecture, including the Taj Mahal, and for their patronage of the arts and literature.
In the 18th century, European powers, including the British, French, and Portuguese, began to establish trading posts in India. The British East India Company gradually gained control over most of India and, in 1857, the Indian Rebellion broke out, which was an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow British rule. The British government subsequently took over control of India and ruled the country until 1947.
India gained independence from British rule on August 15, 1947, and became a republic on January 26, 1950. The country has since undergone rapid industrialization and economic growth, becoming the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP.
In conclusion, India has a rich and diverse history that spans over 5,000 years. The country has been the birthplace of several civilizations, empires, and dynasties that have left their mark on the country's culture, architecture, and society.
Geography of India
India is a vast country located in South Asia and bordered by the Indian Ocean to the south, the Bay of Bengal to the east, the Arabian Sea to the west, and the Himalayas to the north. With an area of approximately 3.3 million square kilometers, India is the seventh-largest country in the world by land area. India is a diverse country with a rich history, diverse culture, and varied geography.
Geography of India
The geography of India is highly varied, ranging from snow-capped mountains to tropical beaches and from dry deserts to dense forests. The country can be broadly divided into three regions: the Himalayas in the north, the Indo-Gangetic Plain, and the Deccan Plateau in the south.
The Himalayas are the highest mountain range in the world, stretching over 2,400 kilometers from northeast to northwest India. The Himalayas are home to some of the world's highest peaks, including Mount Everest, K2, and Kangchenjunga. The Himalayas also serve as a natural barrier to the cold northern winds and are the source of many of India's major rivers, including the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Indus.
The Indo-Gangetic Plain
The Indo-Gangetic Plain is a vast fertile region that extends from the Himalayas in the north to the Deccan Plateau in the south. The region is primarily agricultural, with rice and wheat being the main crops grown. The Ganges and its tributaries, including the Yamuna, flow through this region, making it one of the most densely populated areas in the world.
The Deccan Plateau
The Deccan Plateau is a large triangular plateau located in southern India. The region is primarily arid, with rocky terrain and sparse vegetation. The plateau is bounded by the Eastern Ghats to the east and the Western Ghats to the west. The Western Ghats are a mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of India and is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.
India's climate is also highly diverse, with different regions experiencing different types of climate. The northern part of India experiences a sub-tropical climate, with hot summers and cold winters. The southern part of India has a tropical climate, with hot and humid weather throughout the year. The coastal regions of India experience a tropical monsoon climate, with heavy rainfall during the monsoon season from June to September.
India is rich in natural resources, including minerals, forests, and wildlife. The country has the world's second-largest coal reserves, and it is also rich in iron ore, bauxite, and manganese. India is also home to a variety of wildlife, including tigers, elephants, and rhinoceros. The country has several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, including the Jim Corbett National Park, Kanha National Park, and Bandhavgarh National Park.
Population and Demographics
India is the second-most populous country in the world, with a population of over 1.3 billion people. The country is home to a diverse population, with over 2,000 ethnic groups and more than 1,600 languages spoken. The majority of the population is Hindu, but there are also significant Muslim, Christian, and Sikh populations.
India's economy is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, with a GDP of over $3 trillion. The country has a diverse economy, with agriculture, manufacturing, and services sectors contributing to its growth. India is also home to a vibrant start-up ecosystem, with several unicorns emerging in recent years.
India has made significant progress in developing its infrastructure in recent years, with the government investing heavily in roads.
Economy of India
India is the world's sixth-largest economy, with a nominal gross domestic product (GDP) of approximately $3 trillion as of 2021. India is considered a developing country and has been experiencing impressive economic growth over the past few decades. In this article, we will explore the factors that have contributed to India's economic growth, the challenges the country faces, and the future outlook for the Indian economy.
India's economy was largely agrarian until the 1950s, with the majority of the population engaged in agriculture. The country gained independence from British colonial rule in 1947, and the Indian government launched a series of economic policies aimed at industrializing the country.
In the 1950s and 1960s, the Indian government implemented policies that emphasized self-sufficiency, or import substitution. These policies aimed to promote domestic industries by restricting imports of foreign goods and investing heavily in domestic manufacturing. However, these policies also resulted in a highly regulated and bureaucratic economy, with little incentive for businesses to innovate and improve efficiency.
In the 1990s, India began to liberalize its economy, opening up to foreign investment and trade. This led to an influx of foreign capital and technology, which helped to fuel economic growth. Since then, India has become one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, with an average annual growth rate of around 7% over the past decade.
Factors Contributing to India's Economic Growth
Several factors have contributed to India's economic growth over the past few decades. One of the most significant factors has been the country's large and growing population, which has provided a large pool of labor and consumers.
India's large pool of highly educated and skilled workers has also contributed to economic growth. The country has a large number of engineers, scientists, and other professionals, who have helped to drive innovation and growth in high-tech industries.
India's favorable demographics and large consumer market have also attracted foreign investment. Many multinational corporations have established operations in India to tap into the country's large and growing middle class.
Another factor contributing to India's economic growth is its strong and stable democratic government. India is the world's largest democracy, with a stable political environment and a well-established legal system. This has helped to attract foreign investment and promote economic growth.
Challenges Facing the Indian Economy
Despite India's impressive economic growth, the country still faces several challenges. One of the biggest challenges is poverty and inequality. Despite the country's economic growth, a large percentage of the population still lives in poverty, with limited access to basic necessities such as healthcare and education.
India also faces significant infrastructure challenges, particularly in transportation and power generation. The country's roads and highways are often congested and poorly maintained, which hinders economic growth and development. The country also faces challenges in power generation, with frequent power outages and limited access to reliable electricity.
Another challenge facing India is corruption. Corruption is pervasive in many areas of Indian society, and it can hinder economic growth and development by discouraging foreign investment and distorting markets.
Future Outlook for the Indian Economy
Despite these challenges, the future outlook for the Indian economy is generally positive. India is projected to continue to be one of the fastest-growing economies in the world over the next decade.
One of the main drivers of India's future economic growth is expected to be the country's young and growing population. India has one of the youngest populations in the world, with a median age of 28 years. This provides a large and growing workforce, which can drive economic growth and development.
Another driver of India's future economic growth is likely to be the country's ongoing efforts to improve infrastructure. The Indian government has launched several initiatives aimed at improving transportation and power generation, which could help to remove obstacles to economic growth.
Government and Politics in India
India is the world's largest democracy, with a population of over 1.3 billion people and a complex political system. The Indian government operates under a federal system, with power divided between the central government and the various state governments. The government of India is a parliamentary democracy, with a bicameral legislature consisting of the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (House of the People). The President of India is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government.
Political parties play a significant role in Indian politics. The two main national parties are the Indian National Congress (INC) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). The INC is a center-left party that has traditionally been associated with the Indian independence movement and has governed India for most of its post-independence history. The BJP, on the other hand, is a right-wing party that espouses Hindu nationalism and has been in power since 2014.
India has a multi-party system, with many regional parties that have significant support in their respective states. Some of the prominent regional parties include the All India Trinamool Congress (AITC) in West Bengal, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) in Tamil Nadu, the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) in Andhra Pradesh, and the Shiv Sena in Maharashtra.
The Indian constitution guarantees several fundamental rights to its citizens, including the right to equality, freedom of speech and expression, and the right to practice any religion. However, India is a diverse country with significant economic, social, and cultural disparities, and these disparities often manifest in political tensions and conflicts.
One of the most significant political issues facing India is the ongoing dispute over the territory of Jammu and Kashmir. India and Pakistan both claim the region, and the dispute has led to several armed conflicts between the two countries. The Indian government has also faced criticism for its handling of the unrest in the northeastern states, where separatist movements have been active for decades.
Another major issue facing India is corruption. Corruption is widespread in India, and it has been estimated that corruption costs the Indian economy billions of dollars every year. The government has launched several anti-corruption measures in recent years, including the establishment of the Lokpal, a national anti-corruption ombudsman.
India is also facing significant challenges in terms of economic development. While the country has made significant progress in recent years, with its economy growing at an impressive rate, there is still a long way to go in terms of reducing poverty and improving the standard of living for all citizens. The government has launched several initiatives aimed at promoting economic growth and development, including the Make in India initiative, which aims to boost manufacturing in the country.
In conclusion, the government and politics of India are complex and diverse, reflecting the country's vast population and diverse cultural, linguistic, and religious traditions. While India has made significant progress in recent years, it continues to face significant challenges, including political tensions, corruption, and economic development. Despite these challenges, India remains a vibrant democracy with a rich history and culture, and its future remains full of promise.