Florida Physical Map

The Florida Physical Map presents a detailed topographical view of the Sunshine State, highlighting its varied landscapes from the flat plains of the Everglades to the rolling hills of the Panhandle. This map provides insights into the state's natural features, distinguishing coastal areas, wetlands, plateaus, and other geographical nuances. For students, researchers, and nature enthusiasts, the Florida Physical Map is an invaluable resource, offering a clear perspective on the state's diverse terrain and its intricate interplay with the ecosystems it supports.

Florida Physical Map

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About Florida Physical Map

Explore physical map of Florida state of United States showing geographical / physical features with rivers, landforms, mountains, plateau, peaks, lakes, etc.

Geography of Florida

Florida is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Known for its sunny beaches, vibrant cities, and diverse wildlife, Florida is a popular tourist destination and a hub for international trade and commerce. Let's take a closer look at the geography of Florida, including its physical features, climate, and natural resources.

Physical Features

Florida is a peninsula, meaning it is surrounded by water on three sides. The state is bordered to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, and to the south by the Straits of Florida, which separate it from Cuba. The northern boundary of Florida is formed by the states of Alabama and Georgia.

The terrain of Florida is mostly flat and low-lying, with an average elevation of just 100 feet above sea level. This is due to the fact that much of the state is composed of limestone, which is porous and prone to erosion. As a result, Florida has many sinkholes and caves, as well as underground rivers and springs.

One of the most notable features of Florida's geography is the Everglades, a vast wetland that covers much of the southern portion of the state. The Everglades is home to a diverse array of plant and animal species, many of which are found nowhere else in the world. The wetland is also an important source of freshwater, serving as a recharge area for the Biscayne Aquifer, which provides drinking water for much of South Florida.

Another prominent feature of Florida's geography is the Florida Keys, a chain of islands that extends off the southern tip of the state. The Keys are connected to the mainland by a series of bridges, and are a popular destination for boating, fishing, and snorkeling.


Florida has a subtropical climate, characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild winters. The state receives abundant rainfall, with an average annual precipitation of 54 inches. This rainfall is essential for supporting Florida's many wetlands, which are important habitats for wildlife and help to regulate the state's water supply.

Because of its location in the southeastern United States, Florida is also vulnerable to hurricanes, which are powerful storms that can cause significant damage to coastal areas. Hurricane season in Florida runs from June through November, and residents of the state are encouraged to have emergency plans in place in case of a major storm.

Natural Resources

Florida has a wealth of natural resources, including minerals, timber, and fish. The state is one of the largest producers of phosphate rock, a key ingredient in fertilizer, and is also a major producer of limestone and sand. Timber is harvested from the state's many forests, which cover nearly half of the state's land area.

Florida's waters are home to a diverse array of fish and shellfish species, which are harvested for food and recreation. The state is also home to a thriving tourism industry, which is fueled by its many beaches, theme parks, and other attractions.

In addition to its natural resources, Florida is also home to a number of research institutions and universities, which are engaged in a wide range of scientific and technological research. This research is focused on a variety of areas, including environmental conservation, renewable energy, and space exploration.

Florida's geography is defined by its unique location as a peninsula surrounded by water, its flat and low-lying terrain, and its abundant wetlands and forests. The state's subtropical climate, frequent hurricanes, and abundant natural resources have shaped its economy and culture, making it a dynamic and vibrant place to live, work, and visit.

Physiogeography of Florida

Physiogeography, also known as physical geography, is the study of the physical features and processes of the earth's surface. Florida is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States, and its physiogeography is characterized by a diverse range of landforms, such as coastal plains, wetlands, rivers, lakes, and hills. This article will provide a detailed overview of the physiogeography of Florida, including its geology, climate, and topography.


Florida's geology is dominated by limestone, which is a sedimentary rock composed mostly of calcium carbonate. This limestone was formed during the early part of the Cenozoic Era, approximately 65 million years ago, when the state was covered by a shallow sea. As marine organisms such as corals and mollusks died, their shells and skeletons accumulated on the sea floor, creating layers of limestone. Over time, these layers were buried by sediment and eventually became compacted into solid rock.

Florida's limestone is porous and soluble, which has led to the formation of numerous karst landscapes throughout the state. Karst landscapes are characterized by sinkholes, underground caverns, and disappearing streams, which are created by the dissolution of limestone by groundwater.


Florida has a humid subtropical climate, which is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters. The state is located in a region that is influenced by both tropical and continental air masses, which can lead to extreme weather events such as hurricanes, thunderstorms, and tornadoes.

The state's average annual temperature is around 70°F (21°C), and average precipitation ranges from 50 to 60 inches (127 to 152 cm) per year. The wet season in Florida typically runs from May to October, while the dry season runs from November to April.


Florida's topography is characterized by a wide range of landforms, including coastal plains, wetlands, rivers, lakes, and hills.

Coastal Plains

The majority of Florida's land area is comprised of coastal plains, which are flat or gently sloping areas that extend inland from the coast. These coastal plains are generally composed of sandy soils and are covered with a variety of vegetation, including pine forests, oak hammocks, and grasslands.


Florida is home to a wide variety of wetlands, including swamps, marshes, and mangrove forests. These wetlands provide habitat for a variety of plant and animal species, and they also serve important ecological functions such as filtering water and preventing erosion.

Rivers and Lakes

Florida is home to several major rivers, including the St. Johns River, the Suwannee River, and the Apalachicola River. The state also has numerous lakes, including Lake Okeechobee, which is the largest lake in Florida and the second-largest freshwater lake in the United States.


While Florida is generally considered to be a flat state, there are some areas of higher elevation, such as the Apalachicola National Forest and the Lake Wales Ridge. The Lake Wales Ridge is a series of sand dunes that run through central Florida, and it is home to a variety of unique plant and animal species that are adapted to the sandy soils and dry climate of the region.

The physiogeography of Florida is characterized by a diverse range of landforms, including coastal plains, wetlands, rivers, lakes, and hills. The state's geology is dominated by limestone, which has led to the formation of numerous karst landscapes throughout the state. Florida's climate is humid subtropical, and the state is prone to extreme weather events such as hurricanes, thunderstorms, and tornadoes.

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