Tasmania Map

Explore map of Tasmania, it is an island state that's part of Australia. It's located roughly 150 miles south of Victoria, another Australian state, and is separated from it by the Bass Strait, which isn't very deep. Geographically speaking, Tasmania is like a continuation of the Great Dividing Range extending southwards. The state includes the main island, also named Tasmania, and several other islands. Close to Tasmania's southeastern coast is Bruny Island. In the Bass Strait, you'll find King and Flinders islands, along with many smaller islands near the main island's coast. There's also Macquarie Island, which is quite far away, about 900 miles southeast, and is known for its subantarctic climate.

Tasmania Map

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About Tasmania Map

Explore the map of Tasmania, it is an island state of Australia located 150 miles (240 km) to the south of the mainland of Australia, separated by Bass Strait.


Tasmania, Australia's island state, is a place of wild and beautiful landscapes, rich history, and a vibrant community. Located 240 kilometers south of the Australian mainland, across the Bass Strait, Tasmania is known for its rugged wilderness areas, much of which are protected within parks and reserves.

Geography and Climate

Tasmania is the 26th-largest island in the world, with a diverse geography ranging from the high mountains and dense forests of the Wilderness World Heritage Area to the stunning beaches of the east coast. The island has a temperate maritime climate, meaning mild summers and cool winters, perfect for outdoor activities year-round.

Natural Beauty

Tasmania's natural beauty is one of its most significant attractions. The island boasts some of the world's most breathtaking national parks, including Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park, Freycinet National Park, and the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area. These parks offer a range of outdoor activities, from hiking and kayaking to wildlife watching and photography.


The island is home to unique wildlife, some of which are found nowhere else on Earth. The Tasmanian devil, the island's most famous native animal, is just one of many species that inhabit Tasmania's diverse ecosystems. The clean air and water, combined with a variety of habitats, make Tasmania a sanctuary for wildlife.

History and Culture

Tasmania has a rich cultural heritage, with a history that includes both Indigenous heritage and European settlement. The Indigenous Tasmanian people have a connection to the land that dates back tens of thousands of years. European history is visible in the well-preserved Georgian and Victorian architecture found in towns and cities across the island, especially in the capital city, Hobart.


The Tasmanian economy is diverse, with significant contributions from agriculture, forestry, mining, and tourism. The state is known for its high-quality produce, including seafood, wine, and cheese, much of which is exported internationally. Tourism plays a vital role in the economy, with visitors drawn to the island's natural beauty, cultural experiences, and culinary delights.


Tasmania offers a relaxed lifestyle with a strong sense of community. The island's towns and cities are known for their friendly atmosphere, excellent food, and arts scenes. Hobart, the capital, is famous for its historic waterfront, museums, and the Salamanca Market. Launceston, Tasmania's second major city, offers beautiful parks, riverside walks, and a gateway to the Tamar Valley wine region.

Education and Research

The state is also a center for education and research, with the University of Tasmania known for its research in environmental science, marine studies, and Antarctic studies. The Australian Maritime College, located in Launceston, is internationally recognized for maritime education and research.

Tasmania is a unique and diverse island with something for everyone. Whether you're drawn to its natural beauty, interested in exploring its history and culture, or looking to enjoy the local lifestyle and produce, Tasmania offers a rich and rewarding experience. With its commitment to preserving the natural environment and promoting sustainable development, Tasmania remains one of Australia's most beautiful and vibrant states.

Names for Tasmania

Tasmania, an island state of Australia, is rich in history and cultural significance, which is reflected in its various names. Each name tells a part of Tasmania's story, from its Indigenous heritage to European exploration and settlement.

Aboriginal Names

Before European arrival, Tasmania was home to the Indigenous Palawa people, who had their own names for the island. "Lutruwita" is the Palawa kani name for Tasmania, reflecting the language and heritage of the original inhabitants. This name and others like it are part of efforts to revive and preserve the Palawa kani language and acknowledge the island's Indigenous history.

Van Diemen's Land

The first European name for Tasmania was "Van Diemen's Land," given by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 in honor of Anthony van Diemen, the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies who had commissioned Tasman's expedition. This name was used for over two centuries, during which the island became known for its harsh penal colonies.


In 1856, the name was changed to "Tasmania" to shed the negative connotations associated with its penal colony past. This new name honors Abel Tasman, the European explorer who was the first to sight the island. The change marked a significant shift in the island's identity and its aspirations for the future.

Other Names and Nicknames

Tasmania is often affectionately called "Tassie" by locals and visitors alike. This nickname embodies the friendly and welcoming nature of the island and its people.

"Tasmania: The Apple Isle" is another nickname that dates back to the early 20th century when the island was one of the world's leading apple producers. Although the apple industry is no longer the dominant agricultural industry it once was, the nickname endures, reflecting Tasmania's rich agricultural history.

The names for Tasmania - from Lutruwita to Van Diemen's Land to Tasmania - reflect the island's diverse history and cultural heritage. Each name tells a story of its people, from the Indigenous Palawa to European explorers and settlers, and the evolution of its identity over centuries. Today, Tasmania is celebrated for its natural beauty, vibrant culture, and friendly communities, all of which are encapsulated in its various names and nicknames. Whether referred to by its traditional Indigenous name, its historical name, or simply as "Tassie," the island's unique character and spirit shine through.

History of Tasmania

Tasmania, Australia's island state, has a history as rich and diverse as its landscapes. From its ancient Indigenous cultures to European settlement and beyond, Tasmania's past is a compelling narrative of human interaction with this unique environment.

Indigenous Heritage

Tasmania's history begins with its Indigenous peoples, whose presence on the island dates back over 40,000 years. The Palawa people, Tasmania's Indigenous inhabitants, have a deep connection to the land, sea, and sky, with a culture rich in tradition, art, and spiritual practices. Their knowledge and respect for the environment were critical to their survival and way of life in Tasmania's diverse ecosystems.

European Exploration

The first recorded European sighting of Tasmania was by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642, who named it Van Diemen's Land after the governor of the Dutch East Indies. However, it wasn't until the early 19th century that Europeans began to settle the island. The British established a penal colony at Port Arthur in 1830, which became one of the most notorious prisons in the British Empire.

Convict Era

The convict era is a significant part of Tasmania's history. Between 1803 and 1853, over 75,000 convicts were transported to Tasmania, many for petty crimes. They contributed to the colony's development through their labor on public projects, farms, and emerging industries. The legacy of this era is evident in Tasmania's historic sites, including the well-preserved Port Arthur Historic Site, now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Conflict and Reconciliation

The European settlement had a profound and often devastating impact on Tasmania's Indigenous communities. The period known as the Black War (1828-1832) saw violent conflicts between European settlers and Aboriginal Tasmanians, leading to significant loss of life and culture. In recent years, efforts have been made to recognize this dark chapter of Tasmania's history and move towards reconciliation, acknowledging the pain and suffering of Indigenous Tasmanians.

Economic Development

Following the cessation of transportation in 1853, Tasmania's economy began to diversify. The discovery of tin and copper spurred mining activity, while agriculture, forestry, and fishing became economic staples. The island's natural beauty also started to attract tourists, laying the groundwork for what has become a thriving tourism industry.

Modern Tasmania

Today, Tasmania is known for its stunning natural environment, cultural heritage, and vibrant community. The state has become a leader in environmental conservation, with a significant portion of its land protected as national parks and wilderness areas. Tasmania's economy benefits from its rich agricultural land, producing world-renowned products such as wine, cheese, and seafood. The arts scene is flourishing, with events like the MONA FOMA festival and the Taste of Tasmania showcasing local and international talent.

The history of Tasmania is a story of resilience, survival, and transformation. From its ancient Indigenous cultures to the impact of European settlement and the growth of a diverse and sustainable economy, Tasmania's past is integral to understanding its present and future. As Tasmania continues to evolve, it remains a place of incredible beauty, deep historical significance, and a vibrant community spirit.

Geography of Tasmania

Tasmania, an island state of Australia, is renowned for its breathtaking natural beauty, diverse landscapes, and rich biodiversity. Situated about 240 kilometers south of the Australian mainland across the Bass Strait, Tasmania encompasses a main island and 334 surrounding islands. This geography page provides a detailed overview of Tasmania’s geographical features, climate, and natural attractions that make it a unique and captivating place.

Location and Size

Tasmania is located in the southeastern part of Australia and is the 26th largest island in the world. The state covers an area of approximately 68,401 square kilometers, including the main island and numerous smaller islands along its coast.


The landscapes of Tasmania are incredibly varied, ranging from rugged mountain ranges and dense rainforests to rolling hills and pristine beaches. The island is divided into several distinct regions, each with its unique geographical features:


Tasmania has a temperate maritime climate, with four distinct seasons. Summers are mild and pleasant, while winters can be cold, especially in the highlands. The west coast experiences higher rainfall, making it one of the wettest regions of Australia, which contributes to the lushness of its rainforests. The east coast is drier, enjoying more sunny days, which makes it popular for beachgoers and outdoor activities.

Natural Attractions

Tasmania is world-renowned for its natural beauty and protected wilderness areas. Over 40% of the state is reserved in national parks and World Heritage Sites, including:

  • Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park: Famous for its stunning mountain peaks and glacial lakes.
  • Freycinet National Park: Known for its dramatic coastal landscapes and the pristine Wineglass Bay.
  • Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area: Encompasses a vast region of untouched forests, mountains, and rivers, representing one of the last true wilderness areas on Earth.
  • Tarkine (Takayna): The largest temperate rainforest in Australia, rich in Aboriginal heritage.

  • Wildlife

    Tasmania’s isolation from mainland Australia has allowed unique species to thrive, including the Tasmanian devil, the Tasmanian pademelon, and the echidna. The island’s diverse habitats support a wide range of birdlife, marine animals, and plant species, some of which are found nowhere else on the planet.

    Tasmania’s geography offers a blend of natural wonders, from its rugged mountains and ancient rainforests to its dramatic coastlines and serene beaches. The island’s diverse landscapes not only provide habitat for unique wildlife but also offer endless opportunities for adventure, exploration, and relaxation. Tasmania's commitment to conserving its natural heritage ensures that its breathtaking beauty will be preserved for generations to come.

    Demography of Tasmania

    Tasmania, the island state of Australia, is known for its rich natural beauty and a close-knit community. The demography of Tasmania offers a fascinating insight into the people who call this island their home. With a population that is diverse yet relatively small compared to mainland Australia, Tasmania’s demographic profile plays a crucial role in shaping the state's culture, economy, and lifestyle.

    Population Size and Distribution

    Tasmania has a population of around 540,000 people. The majority reside in urban areas, with the capital city of Hobart being the most populous, followed by Launceston, Burnie, and Devonport. The population density is low, giving residents and visitors alike the sense of space and tranquility that is hard to find in more crowded places.

    Age Structure

    Tasmania's population has a median age that is higher than the Australian average, reflecting a significant proportion of the population in the older age brackets. This demographic trend presents both challenges and opportunities for the state, from healthcare and social services to the potential for industries and communities to tap into the wealth of experience and knowledge of its older residents.

    Cultural Diversity

    While Tasmania is predominantly of British descent, recent years have seen an increase in cultural diversity. Migrants from countries such as China, India, and those from Europe have added to the multicultural tapestry of the state. This diversity is celebrated through various festivals, restaurants, and community events, enriching Tasmania’s cultural life.

    Indigenous Population

    The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Tasmania, known as the Palawa people, are an integral part of the state's demographic makeup. Their rich cultural heritage and deep connection to the land are recognized and honored as part of Tasmania's identity. Efforts continue to ensure that their rights, traditions, and stories are respected and preserved.

    Education and Employment

    Tasmania has a comprehensive education system, from early childhood to tertiary level, including the University of Tasmania, which attracts students from across the globe. The state's employment profile is diverse, with key sectors including healthcare, education, tourism, agriculture, and increasingly, information technology and creative industries. Tasmania’s economy benefits from a skilled and adaptable workforce, ready to meet the demands of a changing world.

    Lifestyle and Community

    Tasmanians enjoy a high quality of life, with access to excellent healthcare, education, and public services. The state is known for its friendly communities, where people often know their neighbors and participate actively in local events. The lifestyle in Tasmania is relaxed, with a strong emphasis on enjoying the natural environment, from hiking in its national parks to sailing on its waterways.

    Housing and Living Costs

    Housing in Tasmania is generally more affordable than in many other parts of Australia, although prices in Hobart and other urban centers have risen due to increased demand. The cost of living in Tasmania is comparable to other Australian states, with variations depending on lifestyle choices and location.

    The demography of Tasmania is characterized by its manageable population size, cultural diversity, and an older age structure. These factors combine to create a unique social fabric, contributing to Tasmania's reputation as a welcoming, vibrant, and inclusive community. As Tasmania continues to grow and evolve, its people remain at the heart of what makes this island state so special.

    Economy of Tasmania

    Tasmania, Australia's island state, boasts a diverse and dynamic economy that reflects its unique geographical and natural resources, innovative industries, and vibrant communities. The economy of Tasmania is built on a strong foundation of primary industries, tourism, manufacturing, and services, each contributing to the state's growth and prosperity.

    Agriculture and Forestry

    Agriculture has long been a cornerstone of Tasmania's economy, taking advantage of the state's fertile soils and temperate climate. Tasmania is renowned for producing high-quality produce, including apples, berries, stone fruits, and vegetables. The dairy industry is also significant, with Tasmanian cheese and other dairy products highly regarded both domestically and internationally.

    Forestry has been another traditional mainstay of the Tasmanian economy, utilizing the state's extensive forest resources. While the industry has faced challenges and transformations in recent years, it continues to contribute to the economy through sustainable practices and a focus on high-value timber products.

    Fisheries and Aquaculture

    Tasmania's surrounding waters are rich in marine life, making fisheries and aquaculture important economic sectors. The state is a leading producer of Atlantic salmon and trout in the Southern Hemisphere. Additionally, Tasmania's abalone, rock lobster, and oysters are prized for their quality and are major export products.


    Mining remains a significant part of Tasmania's economy, with the state producing a variety of minerals, including zinc, tin, copper, and iron ore. Tasmania's mining sector is known for its innovation and sustainable practices, ensuring the industry's longevity and minimal environmental impact.


    Tourism is a rapidly growing sector, driven by Tasmania's natural beauty, heritage, and culinary experiences. Iconic destinations such as Cradle Mountain, Freycinet National Park, and the historic Port Arthur attract visitors from around the world. Tasmania's reputation as a premium destination for food and wine lovers further enhances its appeal to tourists.

    Manufacturing and Innovation

    Tasmania's manufacturing sector is diverse, ranging from traditional industries like food processing and wood products to advanced manufacturing in maritime engineering and niche markets such as pharmaceuticals and medical devices. The state is also fostering a growing technology sector, with a focus on innovation and entrepreneurship.

    Services Sector

    The services sector, including education, healthcare, and retail, plays a vital role in Tasmania's economy. The University of Tasmania is a significant contributor, attracting students from across Australia and internationally, while the state's healthcare system is a major employer and service provider.

    Renewable Energy

    Tasmania is a leader in renewable energy, largely due to its investment in hydroelectric power. The state's vision to become a renewable energy powerhouse includes expanding wind and solar energy production, contributing to Tasmania's economic growth and environmental sustainability.

    The economy of Tasmania is characterized by its adaptability, innovation, and sustainability. Leveraging its natural advantages, the state has developed a diverse economic base that promises continued growth and prosperity. Tasmania's commitment to quality, sustainability, and community well-being underpins its economic strategies, ensuring a resilient and vibrant future for the island state.