Northern Territory Map

Explore the map of Northern Territory, it is an area in Australia that manages itself. It is in the middle of the northern part of the continent. To the north, it's bordered by the Timor and Arafura seas. Western Australia is on its west side, while Queensland and the Gulf of Carpentaria are to the east. South Australia is to its south. The territory stretches about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) from north to south and 600 miles (970 km) from east to west. This makes it cover over one-sixth of Australia's total land area. The climate is mostly tropical in the northern part and semi-dry in the southernmost area.

Northern Territory Map

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About Northern Territory Map

Explore the map of Northern Territory, it is a territory of Australia in the central and central northern parts of Australia.

Northern Territory

The Northern Territory (NT) of Australia is a region of stark beauty, rich Indigenous culture, and vast, unspoiled landscapes. From the red sands of the Simpson Desert to the lush wetlands of Kakadu National Park, the NT offers an array of natural wonders and a deep historical tapestry. This page delves into the key aspects of the Northern Territory, including its geography, culture, economy, and attractions, showcasing what makes this part of Australia truly unique.


Covering over 1.4 million square kilometers, the Northern Territory is characterized by its diverse geography, which ranges from the arid central deserts to the tropical north with its monsoon forests, gorges, and waterfalls. The region is home to some of Australia's most iconic landscapes, including Uluru (Ayers Rock) and Kata Tjuta (The Olgas) in the Red Centre, as well as the World Heritage-listed Kakadu National Park in the Top End.


The Northern Territory experiences two main climate zones: the tropical Top End, which has a wet season (November to April) and a dry season (May to October), and the arid Central Desert, where rainfall is sparse and temperatures can vary dramatically from day to night. The wet season in the Top End is marked by heavy rains, thunderstorms, and increased wildlife activity, while the dry season offers sunny days and cooler nights, ideal for exploring the outdoors.

Culture and Community

The NT is a culturally rich area with a significant Indigenous population, representing over 30% of its residents. Indigenous cultures in the Northern Territory are among the oldest living cultures on Earth, with traditions, languages, and art that are deeply connected to the land. The NT celebrates its cultural diversity through various festivals, art shows, and markets, highlighting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures as well as the heritage of its multicultural population.


The Northern Territory's economy is driven by several key sectors: mining, tourism, agriculture, and energy production. Rich in natural resources, the NT is a major producer of minerals like gold, bauxite, and manganese. Tourism also plays a vital role in the economy, with natural and cultural attractions drawing visitors from around the globe. Agriculture thrives in certain areas, with cattle farming being predominant. Additionally, the NT is exploring renewable energy sources to complement its existing energy production capabilities.


Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park

Famous for Uluru and Kata Tjuta, this park offers a spiritual and cultural journey into the heart of Australia's Red Centre.

Kakadu National Park

Australia's largest national park, known for its biodiversity, Aboriginal rock art sites, and stunning natural beauty.


The capital city of the NT, Darwin is a gateway to Asian markets and a melting pot of cultures, evident in its food, festivals, and museums.

Litchfield National Park

A favorite for locals and tourists alike, featuring waterfalls, swimming holes, and walking trails just a short drive from Darwin.

Alice Springs

The hub of Central Australia, surrounded by desert landscapes and serving as a base for exploring the Red Centre.

The Northern Territory is a land of diversity and contrast, offering experiences that can't be found anywhere else in the world. Its vast landscapes, rich Indigenous heritage, and unique wildlife make it a fascinating place to explore, live, and work. Whether you're watching the sunset over Uluru, swimming in a crystal-clear waterhole in Litchfield, or experiencing the vibrant culture of Darwin, the NT promises an adventure that stays with you long after you leave.

History of the Northern Territory

The Northern Territory (NT) of Australia boasts a rich and complex history that spans tens of thousands of years, from the ancient cultures of its Indigenous peoples to European exploration and settlement, and its development into a vibrant and diverse modern region. This page explores the key historical milestones and influences that have shaped the Northern Territory into what it is today.

Indigenous Heritage

The history of the Northern Territory begins with its Indigenous peoples, whose presence in the region dates back more than 60,000 years. The NT is home to numerous Indigenous groups, each with their own distinct languages, traditions, and connection to the land. These communities have a deep cultural heritage, evident in their art, storytelling, and spiritual practices, which are among the oldest surviving cultures in the world.

European Exploration

European exploration of the Northern Territory began in the 17th century when Dutch sailors first sighted the northern coast. However, it wasn't until the late 18th and early 19th centuries that more detailed explorations were undertaken by British navigators such as Matthew Flinders and John Lort Stokes. These explorations paved the way for subsequent settlement but also marked the beginning of a challenging period for Indigenous communities as they encountered European diseases and disruptions to their way of life.

Settlement and Colonization

The first attempt at European settlement in the Northern Territory was made in 1824 at Fort Dundas on Melville Island, followed by Fort Wellington at Raffles Bay. However, these early settlements were short-lived. It wasn't until 1869 that a permanent settlement was established at Port Darwin, which served as a gateway to Australia's northern frontier and a base for further exploration and settlement in the region.

Development and Infrastructure

The discovery of gold in the 1870s near Pine Creek significantly boosted the Northern Territory's population and economy. The construction of the Overland Telegraph Line in the 1870s, connecting Adelaide to Darwin, was a monumental engineering feat that facilitated communication with the rest of the world and spurred further development in the region.

The completion of the North Australia Railway from Darwin to Birdum in the early 20th century and the development of the cattle industry also played critical roles in the economic development of the NT, despite the challenges of distance and harsh climate.

World War II

During World War II, the Northern Territory played a significant role in the defense of Australia. Darwin, in particular, became a key military base but also suffered devastating air raids by Japanese forces in 1942. The impact of the war accelerated infrastructure development and forged a sense of resilience and community among residents.

Road to Self-Governance

For much of its history, the Northern Territory was administered by the South Australian and later the federal government. It wasn't until 1978 that the NT was granted self-governance, giving it a greater degree of control over its affairs and marking a significant milestone in its political development.

Modern Era

Today, the Northern Territory is known for its diverse population, including a significant Indigenous community, and its thriving economy, bolstered by tourism, mining, and agriculture. The NT continues to celebrate its Indigenous cultures, while also recognizing the contributions of people from all over the world who have made the region their home.

The history of the Northern Territory is a story of endurance, cultural richness, and transformation. From the ancient traditions of its Indigenous peoples to the challenges and achievements of European settlement and modern development, the NT's history is integral to its identity and continues to shape its future.

Geography of the Northern Territory

The Northern Territory (NT) of Australia is a region of unparalleled natural beauty and geographic diversity. Stretching from the central Australian desert to the tropical northern coast, the NT's landscapes offer some of the country's most iconic natural wonders. This page provides an in-depth look at the geography of the Northern Territory, exploring its key features, climate, and environmental significance.

Landscapes and Key Features

Central Desert

The heart of the NT is dominated by vast desert landscapes, including the Simpson Desert and Tanami Desert. This arid region is home to iconic natural formations such as Uluru (Ayers Rock) and Kata Tjuta (The Olgas), which are deeply significant to Indigenous Australian cultures and recognized worldwide for their stunning beauty.

Top End

The northern part of the NT, known as the Top End, features lush tropical rainforests, wetlands, and river systems. This region includes the World Heritage-listed Kakadu National Park, known for its rich biodiversity, Aboriginal rock art, and dramatic landscapes like the Arnhem Land plateau and the Mary River wetlands.

Gulf Country

To the east, the Gulf Country borders the Gulf of Carpentaria and is characterized by savannah woodlands and grasslands. This area includes the Roper River system and the Sir Edward Pellew Group of Islands, offering important habitats for marine and bird life.

MacDonnell Ranges

Stretching east and west of Alice Springs, the MacDonnell Ranges are a series of dramatic cliffs and gorges that provide a stunning backdrop to the Red Centre. They are an important cultural and recreational area, offering numerous hiking trails and natural attractions.


The Northern Territory's climate varies significantly from north to south. The Top End experiences a tropical climate with a distinct wet season (November to April) characterized by monsoons, thunderstorms, and cyclones, and a dry season (May to October) marked by sunny, dry days and cooler nights. The central desert region has an arid climate, with hot days and cool nights, and sporadic rainfall.

Flora and Fauna

The diverse climates and landscapes of the NT support a wide range of ecosystems, from desert flora such as spinifex grasses and desert oaks to the lush monsoon forests and mangroves of the Top End. The NT is renowned for its rich biodiversity, including unique species such as the saltwater crocodile, the red kangaroo, and a vast array of birdlife.

Environmental Significance

The Northern Territory's natural environment is of immense ecological and cultural importance. Efforts are made to protect its sensitive ecosystems and significant cultural sites, with large areas designated as national parks and conservation reserves. The management of these areas involves collaboration between government agencies, Indigenous communities, and conservation organizations to ensure the preservation of the NT's natural heritage for future generations.

The geography of the Northern Territory is marked by its vast deserts, rugged mountain ranges, and lush tropical landscapes. Its climate supports an incredible diversity of life, making it a region of significant environmental and cultural importance. From the spiritual significance of Uluru to the ecological wonders of Kakadu, the NT's geography tells a story of ancient landscapes, rich biodiversity, and ongoing conservation efforts. This unique blend of natural features makes the Northern Territory a captivating and vital part of Australia's geographic identity.

National Parks of the Northern Territory


The Northern Territory (NT) of Australia is distinguished by its vast landscapes and varied climate, which ranges from tropical in the north to arid in the central and southern regions. Understanding the climate of the NT is essential for appreciating the diversity of its natural environment and the lifestyle of its inhabitants. This page explores the distinct climate zones within the Northern Territory, their seasonal patterns, and the impacts on the region's flora, fauna, and human activity.

Tropical Top End

The Top End, which includes cities like Darwin, experiences a tropical climate characterized by a wet season and a dry season.

Wet Season (November to April):

The wet season brings heavy rainfall, high humidity, and thunderstorms. Temperatures average around 25°C to 33°C (77°F to 91°F). This period sees the most dramatic weather, including tropical cyclones and monsoons, which can lead to spectacular lightning displays and rejuvenate the landscape, filling rivers and waterfalls.

Dry Season (May to October)

Marked by clear blue skies, lower humidity, and cooler temperatures (ranging from 21°C to 32°C or 70°F to 90°F), the dry season is ideal for outdoor activities and exploring the region's natural beauty. It's also a popular time for festivals and outdoor markets in the Top End.

Central Desert

Central Australia, including Alice Springs and Uluru, is characterized by an arid climate with hot days, cool nights, and low annual rainfall.

Summer (October to March)

Temperatures can soar above 35°C (95°F) during the day but drop significantly at night. Rainfall is sparse but can occur in the form of sudden, heavy downpours that quickly evaporate.

Winter (April to September):

Days are warm and sunny, with temperatures ranging from 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F), while nights can be cold, sometimes dropping below freezing. This contrast makes winter an ideal time to explore the desert landscapes.

Transitional Regions

Between the tropical north and the central desert, there are transitional regions experiencing a mix of both climate patterns. These areas witness variability in rainfall and temperature, contributing to diverse ecosystems that transition from savannah woodlands to arid scrublands.

Impact on Flora and Fauna

The climate of the NT plays a crucial role in shaping its ecosystems. The wet season in the Top End leads to lush landscapes, supporting a rich biodiversity, including wetland birds, crocodiles, and tropical fish. The dry season sees wildlife congregating around waterholes, providing unique opportunities for observation. In the desert, adapted species thrive, with plants like spinifex grass and animals such as kangaroos and reptiles well-suited to the extreme conditions.

Human Activity and Adaptation

The climate influences lifestyle and activities in the NT. In the Top End, the wet season can restrict travel due to flooding, while the dry season is a peak time for tourism. In the central desert, the cooler winter months attract visitors to iconic landmarks like Uluru. Across the NT, residents and visitors alike adapt to the climate, embracing the outdoor lifestyle in cooler periods and finding respite during the hotter months.

The climate of the Northern Territory is as diverse as its landscapes, offering a unique environment that influences the natural world and human experiences. From the monsoonal rains of the Top End to the dry heat of the central desert, the NT's climate supports a rich tapestry of life and provides a backdrop to a vibrant cultural and outdoor lifestyle. Understanding and respecting this climate is key to enjoying and preserving the natural beauty and heritage of the Northern Territory.

Population of Northern Territory


Major Cities and Towns Population

RankStatistical Local Areas2011 Population
2Palmerston-East Arm30,098
3Alice Springs28,449
7Tennant Creek3,515
8Wadeye / Victoria-Daly2,682

Ancestry and Immigration

In the 2016 census, the most common ancestries people in the Northern Territory reported were:

Additionally, 31.2% of the territory's population was born outside Australia. The largest groups of people born overseas were from the Philippines (2.6%), England (2.4%), New Zealand (2%), India (1.6%), and Greece (0.6%).

In 2016, 25.5% of the population, or 58,248 people, identified themselves as Indigenous Australians, which includes Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders.


In the 2021 census, 57.3% of people in the Northern Territory said they only spoke English at home. Other commonly spoken languages included Kriol (2.2%), Djambarrpuyngu (1.7%), Greek (1.4%), and Nepali (1.3%).

The Northern Territory is home to over 100 Aboriginal languages and dialects, besides English, which is mostly spoken in cities like Darwin and Alice Springs. Some of the major Indigenous languages are Murrinh-patha and Ngangikurrungurr in the northwest near Wadeye, Warlpiri and Warumungu in the central area near Tennant Creek, Arrernte around Alice Springs, Pintupi-Luritja in the southeast, Pitjantjatjara in the south near Uluru/Ayers Rock, and Yolngu Matha in the far north in Arnhem Land. In this region, the Djambarrpuyngu dialect of Dhuwal is widely used. Other languages include Burarra, Maung, Iwaidja, and Kunwinjku in the central north and on Croker and the Goulburn Islands. Tiwi is spoken on Melville Island and Bathurst Island. There is a collection of literature in many of these languages in the Living Archive of Aboriginal Languages.


The Northern Territory (NT) of Australia is a region characterized by its vast landscapes, rich cultural history, and diverse population. Religion in the Northern Territory is reflective of this diversity, with a wide range of faiths and spiritual practices observed by its inhabitants. From the ancient spiritual traditions of Indigenous Australians to the various religions brought by later settlers and immigrants, the NT is a tapestry of belief systems. This page provides an overview of the religious landscape in the Northern Territory, highlighting the significance of these beliefs to the community's cultural fabric.

Indigenous Spiritual Practices

For tens of thousands of years, Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Northern Territory, practicing spiritual traditions deeply connected to the land, the sky, and the water. These traditions are not "religion" in the Western sense but are a way of life, integral to the identity, culture, and well-being of Indigenous communities. Dreamtime stories, ceremonies, and art are expressions of this spirituality, embodying the laws, morality, and social structures that guide Indigenous societies. Sacred sites across the NT, from Uluru to Kakadu, are places of spiritual significance, respected and protected for their cultural and historical importance.


Christianity is the most widely practiced religion in the Northern Territory, introduced by European missionaries in the 19th and 20th centuries. Various denominations are present, including Catholicism, Anglicanism, and the Uniting Church, along with smaller groups such as Pentecostal and Orthodox Christians. Churches and Christian organizations play active roles in the community, providing services, education, and social support. Indigenous Christian communities often blend traditional beliefs with Christian teachings, creating unique expressions of faith.

Other World Religions

As the NT has become more culturally diverse, especially with recent waves of immigration, other world religions have established a presence. These include:


With a history dating back to the 19th century through the Afghan cameleers, the Muslim community has grown, especially in Darwin, where mosques and Islamic centers serve as focal points for worship and community events.


Represented by several traditions, including Tibetan, Theravada, and Mahayana, Buddhism is practiced by both Asian immigrant communities and Australian-born converts. Temples and meditation centers offer places for practice and learning.


The Hindu community, though smaller, is vibrant, celebrating festivals like Diwali and hosting cultural events that contribute to the NT's multicultural tapestry.


Sikhs have contributed to the Northern Territory's development for decades, with gurdwaras providing religious and cultural support for the community.

Secularism and Other Beliefs

A significant portion of the NT's population identifies as having no religion, reflecting a broader national trend toward secularism. This demographic values principles such as reason, ethics, and personal freedom in determining their worldview. Additionally, there are individuals who practice other beliefs, including New Age spirituality and practices from Indigenous cultures around the world, contributing to the NT's religious diversity.

Interfaith Harmony and Cultural Exchange

The Northern Territory is marked by a spirit of interfaith harmony and cultural exchange. Religious and cultural festivals often see participation from people of different faiths, fostering a sense of community and mutual respect. Interfaith groups and multicultural organizations work to promote understanding and dialogue among the NT's diverse population.

Religion in the Northern Territory reflects the region's history, cultural diversity, and evolving society. From Indigenous spiritual practices to the various religions brought by settlers and immigrants, the NT is a place where different faiths coexist, contributing to the rich cultural fabric of the community. Understanding and respecting this diversity is key to appreciating the unique character of the Northern Territory.

Economy of Northern Territory

The Northern Territory (NT) of Australia boasts a unique and dynamic economy that plays a crucial role in the region's development and sustenance. Characterized by its vast landscapes, rich natural resources, and diverse cultures, the NT's economy is multifaceted, with key sectors including mining, tourism, agriculture, and energy. This page outlines the major components of the Northern Territory's economy, showcasing how each sector contributes to the region's growth and prosperity.

Mining and Resources

Mining is a cornerstone of the NT's economy, with the region being rich in minerals such as gold, bauxite, uranium, zinc, and lead. The mining sector is a significant contributor to the NT's GDP and employment, providing opportunities for both local communities and international investors. Operations range from large-scale mines to smaller ventures, all playing a part in the global supply chain of essential minerals.


Tourism is another vital sector, driven by the NT's stunning natural attractions, rich Indigenous culture, and unique wildlife. Iconic destinations like Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, Kakadu National Park, and the vibrant city of Darwin attract visitors from all over the world. The tourism industry not only boosts the NT's economy through direct spending but also supports local businesses, from accommodation and dining to adventure tours and cultural experiences.


Despite the challenges posed by the NT's varied climate, agriculture remains an important economic activity, particularly in rural and remote areas. The sector focuses on tropical and subtropical crops, including mangoes, bananas, and citrus fruits, as well as cattle farming, which is a significant industry due to the vast pastoral lands available. Advances in irrigation and farming techniques continue to expand the potential for agriculture in the NT.


The Northern Territory is poised to become a leader in energy, particularly in natural gas and renewable resources. The region has substantial reserves of natural gas, with ongoing projects to explore and develop these resources for both domestic use and international export. Additionally, the NT's vast landscapes and sunlight exposure present opportunities for solar energy development, aligning with global trends towards sustainable energy solutions.

Fishing and Aquaculture

The fishing industry, including aquaculture, contributes to the NT's economy by harnessing the rich marine biodiversity of the region's coastal and river systems. The industry focuses on sustainable practices to harvest barramundi, prawns, and other seafood, which are highly valued in both domestic and international markets.

Public Sector and Defense

The public sector, including healthcare, education, and public administration, is a significant employer in the NT, particularly in urban areas like Darwin. The region's strategic location also makes it a key defense hub for Australia, with several military bases contributing to the economy through employment and investment in infrastructure.

Challenges and Opportunities

The Northern Territory's economy faces unique challenges, including its remote location, climatic variability, and the need for infrastructure development. However, these challenges also present opportunities for innovation, investment in sustainable practices, and the growth of new industries, such as technology and services tailored to remote communities.

The economy of the Northern Territory is diverse and resilient, grounded in its natural resources, cultural heritage, and strategic location. By harnessing its strengths and facing its challenges head-on, the NT is well-positioned for future growth, contributing to its prosperity and the well-being of its communities. As the region continues to develop, it remains a vital part of Australia's economic landscape, offering unique opportunities for investment, innovation, and sustainable development.