Ontario Map

Explore the map of Ontario, Ontario is a province located in the eastern part of Canada. It is Canada's second-largest province in terms of area and ranks as the most populous. Ontario is bordered by the provinces of Manitoba to the west and Quebec to the east. To the south, it shares a long border with the United States, along the Great Lakes and the Saint Lawrence River. The province features a mix of landscapes, including vast forests, beautiful lakes, and the famous Niagara Falls. Ontario's geography varies greatly, with the north being mostly forested and the south being home to most of Ontario's population, including the large city of Toronto, Canada's largest city, and Ottawa, the nation's capital. This diversity makes Ontario a unique and important part of Canada's geography and culture.

Ontario Map

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About Ontario Map

Expore the map of Ontario Canada, it is 1 of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada located in Central Canada and it is most populous province of Canada.

About Ontario

Ontario, Canada's most populous province, is a land of vast opportunities and experiences. Nestled between the Great Lakes and the Hudson Bay, it's a place where both urban and natural landscapes thrive. This guide aims to offer you a straightforward, engaging look at what makes Ontario unique, from its bustling cities to its serene natural parks.

Ontario is not just Canada's economic powerhouse; it's a melting pot of cultures, histories, and ecosystems. The province is home to Canada's capital, Ottawa, and its largest city, Toronto. These cities are vibrant hubs of culture, arts, and cuisine, reflecting the diversity of the province's population.

Toronto, the heartbeat of Ontario, is known for its iconic skyline, featuring the CN Tower, one of the world's tallest freestanding structures. The city is a mosaic of neighborhoods, each with its own unique flavor. From the historic Distillery District to the bustling streets of Kensington Market, Toronto offers endless exploration opportunities.

Ottawa, on the other hand, offers a glimpse into the nation's history and governance. The Parliament Buildings and the Rideau Canal, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, are must-visit landmarks. The city's museums, including the Canadian Museum of History and the National Gallery of Canada, showcase the country's rich cultural tapestry.

Ontario's natural landscapes are as diverse as its people. The province is home to over 250,000 lakes, including the Great Lakes, which make up the largest group of freshwater lakes on Earth. This abundance of water bodies offers numerous recreational activities, from fishing and kayaking to beach-going and lighthouse tours.

The province is also a haven for hikers and nature lovers, with vast expanses of wilderness waiting to be explored. Algonquin Provincial Park, Ontario's first provincial park, offers a quintessential Canadian outdoor experience, with its maple hills, rocky ridges, and thousands of lakes.

No mention of Ontario would be complete without talking about Niagara Falls. These majestic waterfalls are one of the natural wonders of the world, attracting millions of visitors each year. The surrounding area offers vineyards, parks, and attractions like the Clifton Hill entertainment area, making it a perfect destination for families and adventure seekers alike.

Ontario's cultural landscape is as varied as its geography. The province is a tapestry of Indigenous, French, British, and multicultural influences, reflected in its festivals, food, and arts. Events like the Toronto International Film Festival and Caribana showcase the province's cultural dynamism and attract visitors from all over the globe.

Ontario offers something for everyone, whether you're seeking urban adventures, natural beauty, or cultural experiences. Its welcoming cities, stunning landscapes, and rich history make it a must-visit destination in Canada. Whether you're exploring the cosmopolitan streets of Toronto, taking in the political history of Ottawa, or marveling at the natural beauty of the Great Lakes and Niagara Falls, Ontario promises an unforgettable experience.

Ontario is a province that prides itself on diversity, inclusivity, and a wealth of opportunities for exploration and discovery. It's a place where every visit can offer something new, and where the beauty of Canada's natural and urban landscapes is on full display. Whether you're planning your first visit or you're a returning traveler, Ontario welcomes you to explore its many wonders.

History of Ontario

Ontario's history is a fascinating journey through time, reflecting a landscape shaped by Indigenous cultures, European exploration, and the growth of a diverse, dynamic province within Canada. This guide aims to provide you with an accessible overview of Ontario's past, highlighting key events and developments in a straightforward and engaging manner.

The Indigenous Peoples and Early History

Long before European settlers arrived, Ontario was home to various Indigenous groups, including the Iroquois and Algonquin peoples. These communities thrived on the land, developing rich cultures, languages, and trade networks. They lived in harmony with the land, fishing in the Great Lakes, hunting in the forests, and growing crops like corn, beans, and squash.

European Exploration and Settlement

The 17th century marked the arrival of European explorers. French explorers were among the first Europeans to visit Ontario, establishing trading posts and building relationships with the Indigenous peoples. The fur trade became a significant part of Ontario's early economy, with both the French and later the British competing for control over the trade routes and alliances with Indigenous nations.

The Formation of Upper Canada

Following the American Revolution, the area that is now Ontario became a refuge for Loyalists fleeing the newly independent United States. In 1791, the British government created Upper Canada (now Ontario) as a new province to accommodate these Loyalists, with John Graves Simcoe appointed as its first lieutenant governor. Simcoe established York (now Toronto) as the capital and introduced British laws, including the abolition of slavery.

The War of 1812 and Aftermath

Ontario was a key battleground during the War of 1812 between Britain (and its Canadian colonies) and the United States. Key battles took place near Niagara and along the Great Lakes. The war's end in 1814 solidified Canada's borders and fostered a sense of Canadian identity and unity.

Confederation and Growth

In 1867, Ontario joined Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick in forming the new country of Canada. This Confederation marked the start of a significant growth period for Ontario, driven by immigration, industrialization, and the expansion of the railway system. Cities like Toronto and Ottawa grew rapidly, becoming centers of commerce, culture, and government.

The 20th Century and Modern Times

The 20th century saw Ontario evolve into Canada's economic powerhouse. The province played a crucial role in both World Wars, contributing soldiers, resources, and manufacturing might. Post-war periods were times of prosperity and growth, with advancements in education, healthcare, and civil rights.

The latter half of the century and the early 21st century have seen Ontario continue to grow, both in population and in cultural diversity. Immigration from all over the world has made Ontario a vibrant, multicultural society.

Ontario Today

Today, Ontario honors its rich history while looking forward to a future of innovation and inclusion. The province is a leader in technology, finance, and education, with a strong commitment to environmental protection and sustainable development. Ontario's history of resilience, diversity, and progress continues to shape its identity in the Canadian federation.

Ontario's history is a complex tapestry woven from the lives and experiences of its Indigenous peoples, European settlers, and countless immigrants who have made this province their home. It's a story of challenges and triumphs, reflecting the spirit of cooperation, innovation, and diversity that defines Ontario today. Whether you're a history buff, a student, or simply curious about Canada's past, Ontario's historical journey offers valuable insights into the development of this dynamic province.

Demographics of Ontario

Ontario is a vibrant and diverse province, home to people from all walks of life. Its demographics paint a picture of a place where cultures converge, making it a unique and dynamic region in Canada. Let’s dive into the demographics of Ontario, keeping things simple and straightforward, to help you understand who lives here, where they come from, and how they live.

Population Size and Growth

Ontario is the most populous province in Canada, with millions of people calling it home. The population continues to grow each year, thanks to both natural increase (the difference between births and deaths) and immigration. People from all over the world choose Ontario as their new home, drawn by its opportunities, services, and quality of life.

Cultural Diversity

One of Ontario's most defining features is its cultural diversity. This province is a mosaic of cultures, with people from over 200 different countries. Toronto, Ontario's largest city, is often highlighted as one of the most multicultural cities in the world. This diversity is reflected in the province’s festivals, restaurants, and communities, celebrating traditions from every corner of the globe.

Indigenous Peoples

Ontario is home to a significant number of Indigenous peoples, including First Nations, Métis, and Inuit. These communities have unique cultures, languages, and histories that contribute to Ontario’s social and cultural fabric. The province works in partnership with Indigenous peoples to address historical challenges and build a future that honors their contributions and rights.


English is the official language of Ontario, used in government, business, and daily life. However, thanks to its diverse population, many other languages are spoken here. French is also widely taught and spoken, reflecting Canada’s bilingual nature. In addition, languages such as Mandarin, Punjabi, Spanish, Italian, and Urdu are spoken in homes across Ontario, highlighting the province's rich linguistic landscape.

Age Distribution

Ontario's population is diverse not only in terms of culture but also in age. The province has a broad age distribution, with a significant proportion of the population under the age of 18 and an increasing number of people aged 65 and older. This range affects everything from education and healthcare needs to workforce dynamics and housing demands.

Urban and Rural Split

Most of Ontario’s population lives in urban areas, with major cities like Toronto, Ottawa, Hamilton, and Kitchener-Waterloo being key population centers. These cities are hubs for education, technology, manufacturing, and finance. However, Ontario also has vast rural areas, where communities are smaller and life is closely tied to agriculture, natural resources, and tourism. This urban-rural mix contributes to the province’s economic diversity and lifestyle options.

Economic Overview

Ontario's demographics are closely linked to its economy. The province is Canada’s economic engine, with a strong presence in manufacturing, services, technology, and finance. The diverse workforce, fueled by immigration and education, drives innovation and competitiveness. Employment rates and income levels vary across different regions and demographics, reflecting the province's diverse economic landscape.

Challenges and Opportunities

Like any region, Ontario faces its share of challenges, including managing growth, ensuring affordable housing, and addressing inequalities. However, its diverse and growing population also presents opportunities for cultural exchange, economic innovation, and social development. Ontario’s approach to embracing diversity and fostering inclusion is key to its continued prosperity and well-being.

The demographics of Ontario offer a snapshot of a province that is diverse, dynamic, and constantly evolving. From its bustling cities to peaceful rural communities, Ontario is a place where people of all backgrounds come together, contributing to its rich cultural tapestry and economic strength. Whether you’re a resident, a visitor, or someone looking to call Ontario home, understanding its demographics provides valuable insights into what makes this province truly special.


Minorities and Indigenous Peoples

In 2021, about 34.3% of Ontario's population were visible minorities, and 2.9% were Indigenous, mainly from First Nations and Métis communities. There were also a few Inuit residents in the province. The Indigenous and visible minority populations have been growing more quickly than the overall population of Ontario.

Indigenous and Visible Minority Population (Canada 2021 Census)

Population GroupPopulationPercentage
Visible minority groupSouth Asian1,515,29510.80%
Latin American249,1901.80%
Southeast Asian167,8451.20%
West Asian212,1851.50%
Visible minority124,1200.90%
Multiple visible minorities181,0251.30%
Total visible minority population4,817,36034.30%
Indigenous groupFirst Nations (North American Indian)251,0301.80%
Inuk (Inuit)4,3100.00%
Multiple Indigenous responses7,1150.10%
Indigenous responses9,5150.10%
Total Indigenous population406,5852.90%
Total population14,031,750100.00%


In 2021, more than half of Ontario's population, 52.1%, identified as Christian. The largest Christian groups were the Roman Catholic Church, which included 26.0% of people, and the United Church of Canada, which had 4.1% of the population. Other faiths were also present, with Islam making up 6.7% and Hinduism 4.1% of the population. A significant portion, 31.6%, reported having no religious affiliation.

The main religious groups in Ontario in 2021 included Christians, Muslims, Hindus, and those with no religious affiliation.

No religious affiliation4,433,67531.6
Other Christians1,437,27510.2
Christian Orthodox329,8502.4
Other religions104,8300.7

For representation, Catholics in Ontario are associated with the Assembly of Catholic Bishops of Ontario, while Anglican Protestants are represented by the Ecclesiastical Province of Ontario.

Urban Areas

Statistics Canada uses a term called "Census Metropolitan Area" (CMA) to describe a metro area. This method combines the population of the central city with that of nearby municipalities where people often commute from.

CMA ( Largest other included Municipalities )2001200620112016% Change
Toronto CMA ( Mississauga, Brampton )4,682,8975,113,1495,583,0645,928,0406.2
Ottawa CMA ( Gatineau, Clarence-Rockland )1,067,8001,130,7611,254,9191,323,7834.4
Hamilton CMA ( Burlington, Grimsby )662,401692,911721,053747,5453.7
Kitchener CMA ( Cambridge, Waterloo )414,284451,235496,383523,8945.5
London CMA ( St. Thomas, Strathroy-Caradoc )435,600457,720474,786494,0694.1
St. Catharines CMA ( Niagara Falls, Welland )377,009390,317392,184406,0743.5
Oshawa CMA ( Whitby, Clarington )296,298330,594356,177379,8486.6
Windsor CMA ( Lakeshore, LaSalle )307,877323,342319,246329,1443.1
Barrie CMA ( Innisfil, Springwater )148,480177,061187,013197,0595.4
Sudbury CMA ( Whitefish Lake, Wanapitei Reserve )155,601158,258160,770164,6891
Kingston CMA146,838152,358159,561161,1751

The Ottawa CMA includes areas from Quebec, such as Gatineau. The population figures provided for the Ottawa CMA cover both Ontario and Quebec. About 75% of the total population of the Ottawa CMA is in the Ontario part.

Ten largest municipalities by population


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