South America Physical Map

A South America physical map highlights the continent's diverse topographical features, from the towering Andes Mountains that stretch along its western edge to the Amazon Rainforest, one of the world's most biodiverse areas. The map also outlines significant rivers like the Amazon and the Orinoco, as well as natural wonders like the Atacama Desert and the Pantanal wetlands. This kind of map provides valuable insights for geographers, naturalists, and travelers interested in understanding the range of terrains and ecosystems that make up South America. It offers a comprehensive look at the physical elements that have shaped the continent's cultures, histories, and lifestyles.

South America Physical Map

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About South America Physical Map

Explore South America physical features map showing rivers, lakes, mountain peaks and various other physical features.

Physical Features of South America

South America, the fourth-largest continent, is home to a stunning array of physical features, from towering mountain ranges and expansive plains to vast river systems and dense forests. These natural landmarks have had a profound influence on the continent’s culture, history, and biodiversity.

The Andes Mountains

Location: Running parallel to the Pacific Coast, from Venezuela in the north to Argentina and Chile in the south. Characteristics: The world's longest mountain range, the Andes are characterized by towering peaks, deep valleys, and glaciers. Notable mountains include Aconcagua, the highest peak outside Asia.

Amazon Basin and Amazon Rainforest

Location: Mostly in Brazil and Peru but also extending into several other countries. Characteristics: Known for its immense biodiversity, the Amazon Rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. The Amazon River, the second-longest river globally, drains this basin and has numerous tributaries.

Atacama Desert

Location: Northern Chile. Characteristics: One of the driest places on Earth, the Atacama features stark landscapes of sand dunes, salt flats, and rocky terrain.


Location: Mostly in Brazil but extending into Bolivia and Paraguay. Characteristics: The Pantanal is the world’s largest tropical wetland, hosting a diverse range of wildlife, including jaguars, capybaras, and caimans.


Location: Primarily in Argentina and Uruguay. Characteristics: The Pampas are fertile lowlands famous for agriculture and cattle ranching, known for their tall grasses and rich soil.

Gran Chaco

Location: Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, and Brazil. Characteristics: This semi-arid lowland area features savannas and thorny shrubs, making it one of South America's most impoverished regions.

The Guiana Highlands

Location: Northern Brazil, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana. Characteristics: This region is marked by flat-topped mountain formations known as tepuis, with Angel Falls, the world's highest waterfall, as its most famous feature.


Location: Southern Argentina and Chile. Characteristics: Known for its windswept plains, beautiful glaciers, and rugged coastlines, Patagonia is a haven for outdoor enthusiasts and wildlife like penguins and guanacos.

The Orinoco Basin

Location: Venezuela and Colombia. Characteristics: Dominated by the Orinoco River, one of the longest in South America, this basin features a variety of landscapes, from wetlands to forests.

The Altiplano

Location: Peru, Bolivia, and Chile. Characteristics: This high plateau in the Andes features Lake Titicaca, the world's highest navigable lake, and serves as a cultural hub for indigenous communities.

South America’s physical features are incredibly varied, offering an incredible array of climates, landscapes, and ecological systems. Each has its own set of unique flora and fauna, contributing to the continent’s immense biodiversity. From the snow-capped peaks of the Andes to the lush, life-filled expanse of the Amazon, South America is a living testament to Earth’s geographical and biological diversity.